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2012年河南专升本公共英语真题及答案

摘要:每年的河南专升本考试试题(简称:专升本试题)在大家升本过程中的重要程度不言而喻,即使在专升本备基础备考阶段也要以历年专升本试题为根本,下面是天任专升本小编整理发布2012年河南省专升本英语试题及答案解析供考生参考,预祝大家考个好成绩!


2012年河南省普通高等学校
选拔优秀专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试
公共英语
 
PartI. Vocabulary and Structure (40 points) 
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence, and then you should mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
1.The police are___ for the thief in the region now.
A. running                         B. reaching                       C. searching                     D. charging
2. What is the reason for ____ on time?
A. not your coming             B. you not come                   C. your not coming             D. you not to come
3. The college is planning to offer more English courses to ____ the needs of beginners of English.
A. meet with                      B. meet                             C. supply                         D. satisfy with
4. He kept silent, so I couldn’t know ____ he agreed ____ not.
A. if; or                             B. whether; or                     C. either; or                       D. neither; nor
5. He had never given a speech to so many people, so he felt____.
A. exciting                          B. stupid                          C. disappointed                 D. nervous
6. Once you arrive in a new place, you’d better ____ the local custom.
A. keep                       B. make                             C. follow                           D. return
7. The manner ____ which he talked reminded us ____ his grandfather.
A. on; towards                     B. at; in                             C. for; by                           D. in; of 
8. All of us still remember the terrible earthquake that ____ Wenchuan four years ago.
A. interrupted                      B. struck                            C. knocked                        D. exploded
9. ----Our holiday cost a lot of money.
 ----Did it ? Well, that doesn’t matter ____ you enjoyed yourselves.
A. unless                            B. as far as                         C. as long as                     D. until
10. I didn’t hear _____ because there was too much noise where I was sitting.
A. what did he say             B. what he said           C. what was he saying          D. what for him to say
11. I found her sitting in the corner, reading____ newspaper, with ____in her eyes.
A. a; tear                            B. a piece; tears                   C. a; tears                           D. a piece of ; tear
12._____ you decide to do, you should try to make it a success.
A. If only                           B. Unless                           C. Wherever                       D. Whatever
13. So loudly ____ that all the people in the room got a fright.
A. he shouted                     B. shout he                         C. did he shout                   D. he did shout
14. Let’s put that matter to the vote and not waste our time arguing about it, ____?
A. shall we                  B. can we                           C. may I                            D. will you
15. Your children must stop ____ me by asking for candy all day long. I am ____ every day by the slow bus service in this town. 
A. annoyed; annoying   B. to annoy; annoying            C. annoying; annoying         D. annoying; annoyed
16. He ____ by his sister at that moment.
A. happened to see               B. was happened to see          C. was happened to be seen  D. happened to be seen
17. We consider ____ the machine should be adjusted each time it is used.
A. that it necessary              B. necessary it that              C. it that necessary               D. it necessary that 
18. ---“I don’t drink coffee at all,”
  ---“____.”
A. So don’t I                       B. I do either                      C. Not I do                D. Neither do I 
19. He made another wonderful discovery, _____ of great importance to science.
A. which I think is              B. which I think it is            C. which I think it               D. I think is
20. His fellow workers saw him fall down and blood came out from the open____.
A. wound                           B. injury                            C. hurt                               D. damage
21. She heard a continual strange noise coming from the next room, her heart ____ fast.
A. beat                              B. beats                             C. beating                          D. beaten
22. ---- You should have thanked her before you left.
  ---- I meant ____, but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere.
A. to do                            B. to                               C. doing                            D. doing so
23. He is the sort of businessman who would do anything in his ___ of profit.
A. pursuit                          B. catch                             C. grasp                           D. master
24. Either of  ____ is quite capable of the work.
A. girl                              B. the girls                         C. girls                             D. the girl
25. This treatment works for people of all ages, for the baby ___ for the old man.
A. as far as                          B. as much as                      C. as long as                      D. as well as
26. I like watching TV _____ to the cinema.
A. more than to go              B. than going                       C. more than going             D. rather than to go
27. Until then, his family ____ from him for six months.
A. didn’t hear                      B. hasn’t been hearing           C. hasn’t heard                     D. hadn’t heard
28. ---“Have you finished reading the novel?”
  ---“ Not yet. I’m afraid I need ____ couple of days to finish it.”
A. several                            B. another                          C. some other                      D. other
29. I’d like to see him in my office ____ he arrives.
A. for the moment                B. the moment                    C. in a moment                  D. at any moment
30. A new technique ____, the output as a whole increased by 20 percent.
A. working out                                                             B. having worked out           
C. to have been worked out                                             D. having been worked out
31. Tom’s bedroom was in a ___, for books and papers were here and there.
A. litter                               B. disorder                          C. rubbish                          D. mess
32. A car ___ Jane’s cat and sped away.
A. ran over                          B. ran into                          C. ran through                     D. ran down
33. ____ idea of ____ sounds much better than Clare’s.
A. The; hers                        B. That; her                        C. That; her’s                    D. One; her
34. I made this myself but it was____ who taught me.
A. he                                 B. him                               C. himself                          D. by him
35. It was in the factory ____ you worked five years ago ____ you learned the technique.
A. that; where                      B. where; when                    C. where; where                   D. where; that
36. We must get there before 7 o’clock. That’s _____ we have to start so early.
A. the reason that          B. the reason for why            C. why that                         D. why
37. You can only fly to London this evening ___ you don’t mind changing plans in Paris.
A. except                            B. provided                         C. although                         D. where
38. _______ looked up in alarm.
A. All the present women                                               B. All the women present       
C. The all women present                                               D. The all present women
39. The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, _____ the quality of life is probably one of the highest.
A. since                            B. when                         C. as                               D. while
40. ----Do you like the material?
  ----Yes, it _____ very soft.
A. is feeling                       B. felt                              C. feels                             D. is felt
 
PartII.  Cloze (20 points)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 
He has been called the “missing link”. Half-man, half-beast. He is supposed to live in the highest mountain in the world--- Mount Everest.
   He is known as the Abominable Snowman. The _41_of the Snowman has been around for _42  .Climbers in the 1920s reported finding marks like those of human feet high up on the side of Mound Everest. The native people said they _43_ this creature and called it the“Yeti,”and they said that they had _44_ caught Yetis on two occasions _45_  none has ever been produced an evidence.
  Over the years, the story of the Yetis has _46 . In 1951, Eric Shipton took photographs of a set of tracks in the snow of Everest. Shipton believed that they were not _47  the tracks of a monkey or bear and _48_ that the Abominable Snowman might really _49_ .
  Further efforts have been made to find out about Yetis. But the only things people have ever found were _50_   footprints. Most believe the footprints are nothing more than _51_animal tracks, which had been made _52_  as they melted and refroze in the snow. _53 , in 1964, a Russian scientist said that the Abominable Snowman was _54  and was a remaining link with the prehistoric humans. But, _55  , no evidence has ever _56  been produced.
  These days, only a few people continue to take the story of the Abominable Snowman _57 _. But if they ever _58  catching one, they may face a real 59 : Would they put it in a 60  or give it a room in a hotel?
41. A. event                     B. story                           C. adventure                     D. description
42. A. centuries                  B. too long                        C. some time                    D. many years
43. A. heard from          B. cared for                 C. knew of                       D. read about
44. A. even               B. hardly                         C. certainly                     D. probably
45. A. as                 B. though                        C. when                         D. until
46 A. developed           B. changed                        C. occurred                      D. continued
47. A. entirely                   B. naturally                       C. clearly                       D. simply
48. A. found              B. declared                        C. felt                         D. doubted
49. A. exist              B. escape                          C. disappear                     D. return
50. A. clearer                    B. more                           C. possible                     D. rare
51. A. huge                      B. recent                          C. ordinary                    D. frightening
52. A. strange                   B. large                           C. deep                        D. rough
53. A. In the end                B. Therefore                       C. After all                     D. However
54. A. imagined                 B. real                            C. special                      D. familiar
55. A. so                      B. besides                         C. again                       D. instead
56. A. rightly                   B. actually                        C. normally                    D. particularly
57. A. lightly                   B. jokingly                       C. seriously                    D. properly
58. A. succeed in                B. insist on                       C. depend on                   D. join in
59. A. decision                 B. situation                       C. subject                      D. problem
60. A. zoo                     B. mountain                      C. museum              D. laboratory
 
PartIII. Reading Comprehension (40 points)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice, and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
Passage One
I’m a Chinese student studying in Canada. I have been a boarder with the Carsons for more than a year and a half.
   The Carsons live in their own house, which has four bedrooms including the one in the basement which I live in. Judy does all the work in the house and Andrew is responsible for the work in the garden. When they go out in the evening, they often ask me to look after their children.
  Judy’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Morris, lived in another city. Judy was their only child and naturally they doted on Judy’s children. They often sent the children presents.
  Last April Mr. Morris died. Now that Mrs. Morris was quite alone, I expected that Judy would want her to come and live with them. One day, Margaret told me grandma was coming to live with them and her daddy and mummy would want my room back. The news didn’t surprise me and the next day I went to Judy and asked her about it. I said I couldn’t think of living in their basement room any longer if it was needed for Mrs. Morris. Judy seemed surprised at first. Then she told me there was no deed for me to move, for they hadn’t yet come to any decision about her mother coming to live with them. “Naturally I’m worried about my mother. She has been in poor health.” She smiled sadly and added. “To be honest, Andrew and my mother have never got on well. We’ll wait a bit and see what happens. Perhaps Mother will be all right living herself, of perhaps they will both change their minds.”
  That was six months ago. During this time I’ve heard that Mrs. Morris has had two illnesses and that her health has got worse. A nursing home was mentioned once but Mrs. Morris refused to go there. So up to now she’s still living alone and I’m still living in the basement room.
61. What is the relationship between the speaker and the Carsons?
A. He is a brother of Andrew Carson.
B. He is a close friend of the Carsons.
C. He is a relative of Judy Carson.
D. He is a student who pays to live and have meals at the Carsons’ house.
62. Why did the speaker expect Mrs. Morris to come to live with her daughter?
A. Because Mr. Morris was dead.
B. Because Mrs. Morris suffered from illness.
C. Because Mrs. Morris lived all by herself.
D. Because of all the reasons mentioned in A, B and C.
63. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Mrs. Morris loved her grandchildren very much.
B. Judy had no brothers or sisters to look after her mother.
C. Mrs. Morris was coming to live with the Carsons, so they asked the speaker to move.
D. The Carsons once suggested that Mrs. Morris go to live in a nursing home.
64. Why didn’ t Mrs. Morris come to live with her daughter’s family?
A. Because she did not have a good relationship with her son-in-law.
B. Because she did not want to leave her own house.
C. Because she was in rather poor health and could not come.
D. Because the speaker lived in the basement room and there was no other room for her to live in.
65. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. Family Relationships is Canada.
B. The Boarder.
C. My Landlady.
D. Nursing Homes and the Aged.
 
Passage Two
   Overhead bridges are found in many parts of Beijing, especially in places where traffic is very heavy and crossing the road is dangerous.
    The purpose of these bridges is to enable pedestrians to cross roads safely. Overhead bridges are used to very much the same way as zebra crossings. They are more efficient although less convenient because people have to climb up a long flight of steps. This is inconvenient especially to older people. When pedestrians use an overhead bridge, they do not hold up traffic. However, when they cross a busy road using a zebra crossing, traffic is held up. This is why the government has built many overhead bridges to help pedestrians and to keep traffic moving at the same time. 
   The government of Beijing has spent a large amount of money on building these bridges. For their own safety, pedestrians should be encouraged to use them instead of risking their lives by dashing across the road. Old people, however, may find it a little difficult climbing up and down the steps, but it is still much safer than walking across the road with all the danger of moving traffic. 
   Overhead bridges serve a very useful purpose. Pedestrians, both old and young, should make it a habit to use them. This will prevent unnecessary accidents and loss of life.
66. What is the advantage of overhead bridges mentioned in this passage? 
A. They are safer for pedestrians and can keep traffic moving at the same time. 
B. Pedestrians can climb up and have a view of the city. 
C. Taller trucks can pass under them.
D. They are easier and more convenient for the pedestrians. 
67. Why were overhead bridges built in Beijing? 
A. Because they save money for the government. 
B. Because they provide an easy way for the drivers to cross the road. 
C. Because they prevent traffic from being held up.
D. Because they save time for the pedestrians. 
68. Which of the following statements is TRUEaccording to the passage? 
A. Overhead bridges are found in places where traffic is heavy. 
B. Overhead bridges are only found in the centre of Beijing. 
C. Overhead bridges are found in many parts of big cities in China. 
D. Overhead bridges are found in every part of Beijing.
69. The underlined words a zebra crossingprobably mean ________. 
A. a safe place across a road for old people to rest in
B. a wild animal from Africa that looks like a horse with broad dark brown and white stripes on its body 
C. a safe place across a road for zebras to walk across the road 
D. a safe place across a road for pedestrians to walk across the road 
70. What is the writer’s attitude towards overhead bridges? 
A. It is inconvenient to older people to walk across the road. 
B. To build overhead bridges is the business of the government
C. An overhead bridge is more beautiful than a zebra crossing. 
D. It is much safer for pedestrians though climbing up and down the steps may be a little difficult.
                           
Passage Three
There was a time when, if a lady got onto a crowded bus or train, a gentleman would immediately stand up and offer her his seat. No more, though. Today, a gentleman will probably look out of the window, or, if he feels a bit guilty, hide behind his newspaper. Either way, the lady will have to stand until someone else gets off.
You can’t entirely blame men for this change in manners. The days are gone when women could be referred to as the weaker sex. A whole generation of women has grown up demanding equality with men; not just equality in jobs or education, but in social attitudes. Hold a door open for some women and you’re likely to get an angry lecture on treating women as inferiors (能力低下的人) unable to open door for themselves. Take a girl out for a meal and she’ll probably insist on paying her share of the bill; though on second thoughts, perhaps that’s not such a bad idea.
It’s no wonder that men have given up some of the gestures of politeness and consideration which they used to show towards women. On the other hand, automatic male (man) politeness is perhaps slowly being replaced by true consideration for the needs of women, so that men can see women as equal human beings.
Maybe that’s worth standing in the bus or train.
71. Today, when a lady gets on a crowded bus or train, a gentleman would probably____ .
A. stand up and offer her his seat
B. read his newspaper
C. look out of the window
D. not stand up and offer her his seat
72. What men do towards women on a crowded bus or train is _____.
A. really bad                       B. strange enough         C. not entirely wrong            D. entirely wrong
73. The new generation of women wants to be _____.
A. treated not as the weaker sex                                          B. treated as the weaker sex
C. cared for on buses and trains                                          D. better treated than before
74. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT correct?
A. Some women may get angry of you open the door for them.
B. Girls don’t want you to pay for meal at all.
C. Some women may criticize you if you show too much politeness to them.
D. A girl may be unhappy if you insist on paying her share of the bill.
75. From this passage, we know that____.
A. women need true consideration of their needs and feelings
B. men have given up some politeness they used to show to women
C. women often get angry if you’re polite to them
D. women should stand in the bus or train
                 
Passage Four
“Family” is of course an elastic word. But when British people say that their society is based on family life, they are thinking of “family” in its narrow, peculiarly European sense of mother, father and children living together alone in their own house as an economic and social unit. Thus, every British marriage indicates the beginning of a new and independent family---hence the tremendous importance of marriage in British life. 
For both the man and the woman, marriage means leaving one’s parents and starting one’s own life. The man’s first duty will then be to his wife, and the wife’s to her husband. He will be entirely responsible for her financial support, and she for the running of the new home. Their children will be their common responsibility and theirs alone. Neither the wife’s parents nor the husband´s, nor their brothers or sisters, aunts or uncles, have any right to interfere with them---they are their own masters.
Readers of novels like Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudicewill know that in former times marriage among wealthy families were arranged by the girl’s parents, that is, it was the parents´ duty to find a suitable husband for their daughter, preferably a rich one, and by skillful encouragement to lead him eventually to ask their permission to marry her. Until that time, the girl was protected and maintained in the parents´ home, and the financial relief of getting rid of her could be seen in their giving the newly married pair a sum of money called a dowry (嫁妆). It is very different today. Most girls of today get a job when they leave school and become financially independent before their marriage. This has had two results. A girl chooses her own husband, and she gets no dowry.
76. What does the author mean by “Family is of course an elastic word”?
A. Different families have different ways of life.
B. Different nations have different families.
C. Different definitions could be given to the word.
D. Different times produce different families.
77. For an English family, the husband’s duty is ____.
A. supporting the family while the wife is financial
B. financial while the wife is running the home 
C. defending the family while the wife is running the home
D. independent while the wife is dependent
78. Everything is decided in a family ____.
A. by brothers and sisters                                                B. with the help of their parents
C. by the couple                                                              D. with the help of aunts and uncles
79. What is TRUEconcerning the book Pride and Prejudice?
A. It is the best book on marriage.
B. It is a handbook of marriage.
C. It provides a lot of information of former time wealthy families.
D. It gives quite some idea of English social life in the past.
80. With regard to marriage in Britain, present-day girls differ from former time girls in ____.
A. social position                                                  B. more parental support
C. choosing husbands                                                      D. the right to marry
 
PartIV.  Translation (20 points)
Directions: There are 10 sentences in this section. Please translate sentences 81-85 from Chinese into English, and translate sentences 86-90 from English into Chinese. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.
 
81. 你和同学相处得好吗?
82. 使我们失望的是,他没有恪守诺言。
83. 我前天收到了一封用法语写的信。
84. 他年纪轻轻就已经成为了世界上最杰出的艺术家之一。
85. 就是在那个电影院我们第一次相遇。
86. He talks about nine times out of ten when we have a chat.
87. That’s the last thing I’d expect you to do.
88. Not all the new drugs have been sufficiently tested for safety.
89. We will not make greater progress unless we face up to any difficulties bravely.
90. We are used to thinking that women enjoy shopping more than men.
 
PartV.  Error Correction (10 points)
Directions: There are 10 sentences. Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D .You are required to identify the incorrect part, then write the corresponding letter and the correct answer on the Answer Sheet.
 
91. It waskind of him to meetme at the station and droveme to his home.
A               B                     C           D
92. A house builtof brick lastslonger than the one that ismade of woods.
A         B                   C            D
93. Neitherhe nor his two brothers wasresponsible forthe fire which had causedgreat losses to the family.
A                       B            C               D
94. The professor’slecture on grammar wasthree hours longand Sam felt very boring.
       A                        B       C                      D
95. I askedhis wherehe’d like togo to.
A     B          C  D
96. The climatehereis often said to be similar inthatof Japan.
A   B                      C D
97. Although he is considereda great writer, buthis works arenot widely read.
A                 B          C           D
98. Withoutthe sun we wouldfreeze to dieand starve inalmost total darkness.
A             B          C          D
99. Japan, after theSecond World War, grew intoan industrialcountry rapid.
A                     B         C            D
100. I’m afraidthat I have to stop to talkwith you becauseI have to go to the doctor’sfor my toothache.
A                     B           C                   D
                                                   
PartVI.  Writing (20 points)
Directions: For this part, you’re required to write a composition on the topic “The Popularity of Microblog”. You should write at least 120 words, and your composition should be based on the outline given in Chinese below and write your composition on the Answer Sheet.
The Popularity of Microblog
1. 现代社会利用微博进行交流越来越普遍
2. 微博流行的原因
3. 自己的看法
 
 

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