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2013年河南专升本公共英语真题及答案

摘要:每年的河南专升本考试试题(简称:专升本试题)在大家升本过程中的重要程度不言而喻,即使在专升本备基础备考阶段也要以历年专升本试题为根本,下面是天任专升本小编整理发布2013年河南省专升本英语试题及答案解析供考生参考,预祝大家考个好成绩!

2013年河南省普通高等学校
选拔优秀专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习
公共英语

Part IVocabulary an Structure
1.Some companies might not let you rent a car _____ you have a credit card .
A .where B.since C.because D.unless
2.In his opinion,success in life mainly _______on how we get along with other people.
A.keeps B.depends C.insists D.spends
3.We______building the bridge by the end of next month.
A .are finishing B.would finish C.have finished D.will have finished
4.Our company’s service is _____ in nearly 80 countries around the word.
A.available B.relative C.natural D.careful
5.It was in Johnson’s hotel _______the business meeting was held last year.
A. this B. that C. what D. which
6.It is true that ____ drinking is bad for the health .
A.sufficient B. little C.enough D.excessive
7.Rising prices may ______ the rise in demand for these goods.
A reflect B remind C convey D explain 
8.The airplane arrived one hour behind ____.
A.plan B.date C.time D.schedule 
9.Fresh air,enough exercise and nutritious food ______ to good health.
A.contribute B.add C.attribute D.distribute
10.Our English professor is a man of French _____.
A.birth  B.origin C.source D.breed
11.My advice is that she _____ to apologize to him.
A.go  B.where C.which D.when
12.After the earthquake, a new school building was put _______there had once been a theatre.
A.that B.where C.which D.when
13.Any man who wants to start a business must have some ______.
A.currency B. income  C.wealth D.capital
14.________you decide to do ,you should try to make it a success.
A If only B.Unless C.Wherever D.whatever
15.If it ______ too much trouble I’d love a cup of tea
A.isn’t B.weren’t C.wasn’t D.hadn’t been
16.If you don’t go. Neither ______.
A. shall I B. do I C. I do D. I shall
17.Don’t talk about such things of ______you are not sure.
A.which B.what C.as D.those
18.I don’t like ________you speak to her.
A.the way B.the way in that C.the way which D.the way of which
19.After _____ seemed ages,the newsman disclosed the facts.
A.there B.which C.what D.what 
20.______ has finished the work ahead of time will be rewarded though we don’tknow who it will be.
A.Those who B.Anyone C.Whoever D.No matter who
21.Jim was caught ____ drugs into the country.
A.steal B.smuggling C.smug D.giggling
22.The firm will ____ the workers _____ their loss of job.
A.compact;withB.conflict C.has kept D.has been kept 
23.David sent his girlfriend a ring ______ by his grandmother for all her life.
A.have kept B.kept C.has kept D.has been kept
24._____ from the top of the mountain ,the building looks like a bird nest.
A.Viewed B.Viewing      C.Been viewed D.Being viewed 
25.In the swamp the army _____ by mosquitoes.
A.was fallen       B.was beset C.was worried D.was set
26.You didn’t take his advice.________ his advice, you _______such a mistake.
A.Had you taken,wouldn’t have made
B.If you had taken,would make
C.Were you to take,shouldn’t have made
D.Have you taken,won’t have made
27.Half of his goods _____ stolen the other day.
A.are B.were C.is D.was 
28.He asks that he ______an opportunity to explain why he’s refused to go there.
A.is given B.must give C.should give D.be given
29.I am sorry that he ______in such poor health.
A. are B. shall be C. were D. should be
30.The piano in the other shop will be ____ ,but ____ .
A.cheaper; not as better B.more cheap; not as better
C.cheaper; not as good D.more cheap;not as good
31.______ difficult the task may be,we will try our best to complete it in time.
A.No matter B. No wonder C.Though D.However
32.The reason is _______he is unable to operate the machine.
A.because B.why C.that D.whether
33.We’re talking about the piano and the pianist D were in the concert we attended last night.
A. which B. whom C. who D. that
34.The girl _____ an English song in the next room si Tom’s sister.
A.who is singing       B. is singing       C. Being written        D. was singing
35.The first textbook for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.
A.having written B.to be written C.being writtenD.written
36.We’d like to do _____ we can ____ the poor.
A.how;help  B.all;to help        C.whatever;help D.however; to help
37.The defense computers calculate way to______the enemy missiles.
A.spoil B. harm C.destroy D.damage
38.Today,household chores have been made much easier by electrical _____ .
A.facilities B.equipment C.appliances D.utilities
39.I really appreciate ______to help me, but I am sure that I will be able to manage it by myself.
A.you to offer B.thar you offer C.your offering D.you to have offered
40.______to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one’s skin.
A.Exposed B.Having exposed C.Being exposed D.After being attention
PartIICloze
The old idea that anyone with a little money can start a business and operate it successfully is no longerinvalid(无效果的). An equally important factor is business relations with 41 .
It is necessary to know what people want and to make it 42 to then in a pleasant and convenient way.with43 effort you will understand your buyer’s needs,and know how to 44 him and make him appreciate the goodpoints of your 45 .Knowing how to 46 to customers is the secret of successful selling. They appreciate itwhen you show a genuine,friendly interest in helping them to get the best goods 47 their purpose.
All customers have the desire to get value in 48 .Smart people are price-and-value 49 .They will not insist50 lower-priced goods if they can be shown that higher-pried goods will give them better value 51 use. Yourfunction,as a 52 ,is to help the buyer get the best 53 his money. This means that you must know yourgoods , be able to discuss their construction and performance in en intelligent way and be confident when you 54
the special qualities of your product or 55 .If you cannot tell the facts about these qualities,you should say ,youshould say, “I don’t know ,”and find them out.
Before approaching prospects with the idea of turning them into customers,you need to agin their confidence,as many articles are bought because of our faith in people as because of our faith in the 56 .
Now we are ready to invite visitors.Who shall they he?Personal 57 is the best way to learn the present andprobable market for what you have to offer.
Recommendation by friends is also an excellent way to get in touch 58 prospects. The why it isimportant to maintain customers .Tell them of your appreciation every time they sea prospect .Drop 59 attheir offices or phone them at their homes.Tell them about things may interest or 60 them.
41. A)customers B)sellers C)merchant D)businessmen
42. A)nice B)go C)available D)attractive
43. A)personal B)personnel C)manual D)artificial
44. A)get B)attract C)cheat D)approach
45. A)offer B)dress C)store D)good
46. A)please B)supply C)appeal D)adapt
47. A)in B)for C)with D)of
48. A)clothes B)selling C)food D)exchange
49. A)knowing B)ignorant C)conscious D)dependent
50. A)in B)upon C)concerning D)with
51. A)in B)while C)when D)before
52. A)customer B)buyer C)merchandise D)salesman
53. A)for B)beyond C)above D)against
54. A)stresses B)display C)emphasize D)mentioned
55. A)help B)service C)personality D)repair
56. A)merchant B)salesman C)future D)merchandise
57. A)attraction B)contact C)ability D)traveling
58. A)with B)through C)by D)on
59. A)out B)in C)across D)letters
60. A)disinterest B)cheat C)fool D)benefit
PartIIIReading Comprehension 
Passage One
"If you want to see a thing well, reach out (伸出手) and touch it!"
      That may seem a strange thing to say. But touching things can help you to see them better. Your eyes can tell you that a glass ball is round. But by holding it in your hands, you can feel how smooth (光滑) and cool the ball is. You can feel how heavy the glass is. When you feel all these about the ball, you really see it. 
With your skin, you can feel better. For example, your fingers can tell the difference between two coins in your pocket. You can feel a little drop of water on the back of your hand, too.
      All children soon learn what "Don't touch!" means. They hear it often. Yet most of us keep on touching things as we grow up. In shops, we touch things as we might buy: food, clothes. To see something well,we have to touch it. 
      There are ways of learning to see well by feeling. One way is to close your eyes and try to feel everything that is touching your skin. Feel the shoes on your feet, the clothes on your body, the air on your skin. At first, it is not easy to feel these things. You are too used to (习惯于) them! 
      Most museums are just for looking. But today some museums have some things to touch. Their signs say, "Do touch!" There you can feel everything on show. If we want to see better, reach out and touch it. Then you will really see!
61.By touching things,           .
A. you will have a strange feeling 
B. you will learn how to reach out your hand 
C. you can tell the difference of the things 
D. you can tell what colours they are
62. When people buy things in shops, they often           .
A. try them on first 
B. keep their right hands on them 
C. ask about them 
D. feel and touch them
63. Why does it say "At first, it is not easy to feel these things?" Because            .
A. the things are used by people, too 
B. people feel the things too often 
C. people know how to use the things 
D. the things are easy to feel
64. Which of the following is true?
A. Touching is more important than seeing. 
B. Our feet, fingers, hands and skin can help us buy food. 
C. People have to learn to see by feeling as they grow up. 
D. Visitors can feel the things on show in some museums.
65. Which of the following can be the best title of the story?
A. Touching by Feeling 
B. To See or to Feel? 
C. To See Better-Touch 
D. Ways of Feeling
Passage Two
The old Volkswagen (VW) Beetle — “The Bug” — is making a comeback (回潮). People who own them are planning to keep them forever. People who don't own them are paying high prices when they can find one for sale. It's more remarkable when you realize that VW Company has already stopped producing them.
  A spokesman for Volkswagen of America says there were about five million “Bugs” on American roads in 1977. That was the last year they were shipped to America. VW calculates (估算) that about four million of them are still running, and running, and running.
  Used car businessmen say they can't keep “Bugs” on their lots these days.They feel it's because these cars have a history of reliable (牢靠的), inexpensive transportation. The cars average about 30 miles per gallon of gas.
  But all hasn't been smoothly going for the “Bugs”. The heating system is poor.And since it travels very close to the ground, large cars tend to splash(溅) it with winter's snow and mud. Some in the safety field consider the Beetle as defenseless against heavier cars. But the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration(管理部门)has nothing that shows any problem with them at all.
66.American people like to have a “Bug”  ____ .
A. because it is no more in production
B. because it is reliable an energy-saving
C. because it is remarkable and easy to drive 
D. because it is safe
67.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. “Bugs” are more popular than other cars in America.
B. “Bugs” are now produced in a small quantity.
C. American feel proud if they can own a “Bug” .
D. No “Bugs” have been shipped to America since 1977.
68.In the last sentence of the second paragraph, the world “them”refers to _____.
A.a car by the name of Volkswagen Beetle 
B.heavier cars imported from other countries.
C.people in the safety field
D.people from National Highway Traffic Administration
69.What is the problem with a “Bug"?
A.It does not go smoothly.
B.It is not comfortable in winter.
C.It splashes mud and water.
D.It travels too slowly.
70.What can be concluded according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration?
A.They are going to investigate into “Bugs” problem.
B.Some of the “Bugs” are not usable any more.
C.It is defenseless when it is hit by a heavy carl.
D.The “Bugs” is good for use.
Passage Three
There are many ways to learn about people of other lands. One way is to study the clothing other people wear. 
For thousands of years, people in different parts of the world have worn very different types of clothing. There are four big reasons for this. 
       One reason might be religion. In many Moslem countries, women must wear veils (面纱) to hide their faces. The veils must be worn in public. Veils are part of the Moslem religion. The second reason is that different materials are used in different countries. For instance, in France the materials used in clothing may be cotton, silk, wool, or many other man-made materials. Most people in China wear cotton. 
       The ways clothes are made are also very different. This is another reason why people dress differently. Western countries rely on machines to make most of their clothing. Someone living in India can use only hand power to make the clothing he needs. 
       Worldwide differences in customs also lead to differences in clothing. A Mexican farmer wears a straw hat with a brim (帽沿) up. In China, a farmer wears a straw hat with a brim down. Both hats are used to protect the farmers from the sun. Some of these customs have come down through thousands of years.
71.If you want to learn about the differences about people in the world, you______ .
A.should know the ways to study other lands
B.should know the four big reasons given in the passage
C.may study the different types of clothing people wear
D.may be surprised by the ways people wear hats
72.In many Moslem countries, women have to______in public.
A.wear more clothes than men             B.wear veils to hide their faces
C.protect their faces from being hurt  D.wear beautiful clothing
73.Which of the following is the reason for the differences in clothing?
A.Materials used for clothes differ from country to country.
B.Cotton is the common material for clothing.
C.Man-made materials are invented to make clothes.
D.Most people like silk clothes.
74.The third reason for different in clothing is______.
A.different materials           B.different ways of making clothes
C.different styles of dressing  D.different religions
75.The two examples of wearing hats are given in the last paragraph to show______.
A.the effect of customs on dressing style   B.the function of wearing straw hat
C.the correct way of wearing straw hat     D.the long history of some customs
Passage Four
Pressure Cooker(高压锅) Safety
When you are cooking with a pressure cooker, you should learn a few common sense (常识) rules:
1. Never leave the cooker unwatched when it is in use.
2. Add sufficient liquid but never past the recommended fill point. Overfilling the cooker may block the vent pipe (排气孔) and cause the cooker to explode.
3. Set the cooking time. Too much time may overcook the food or too much pressure may build up in the cooker. Too little time will lead to undercooked food.
4. If you are new to pressure cooking, follow the cooking instructions carefully. Heat and time can either result in a great meal or a ruined one.
5. Never try to force a pressure cooker cover open. Allow the cooker to cool or run it under cool water before trying to open the cover.
6. Clean the cooker thoroughly after each use. Mild detergent (洗涤剂) and hot water work the best. Do not use stove ash or sand for they may damage the cooker. The gasket (密封圈) is best cleaned in warm soapy water and then dried. Store the gasket in the bottom of the pot. 
76.According to the first rule, the user should ________.
A.keep the cooker under close watch   B.always keep the cooker half full
C.never leave the cooker empty        D.never turn off the stove
77.According to the second rule, too much liquid in the cooker may result in ________.
A.a ruined meal B.undercooked food C.too little pressure D.a blocked vent pipe
78.According to the fifth rule, a pressure cooker cover should be opened ________.
A.as soon as the cooking is finished   B.while it is still on the stove 
C.with force when it is hot            D.after it is cooled down
79.According to the instructions, which of the following is TRUE?
A.The gasket should be cleaned thoroughly with cold water.
B.Mild detergent and hot water can best clean the cooker.
C.Soapy water will often damage the cooker.
D.Sand can be used to clean the cooker.
80.Which of the following operations may be dangerous?
A.Overfilling the cooker with food and water.
B.Cleaning the cooker with detergent.
C.Cooling the cooker with cold water.
D.Setting too little cooking time.
PartIVTranslation
81.无论问题看起来怎么复杂,他总能找到解决办法。
82.吃过早饭后,作家就坐在书房里处理早上来的信件。
83.她总是很愉快地向我打招呼。
84.你旅游时走陆路还是水路?
85.孩子的性格受家庭环境影响很大。
86.Prices vary with the seasons.
87.A pen is to a writer what a gun is to a fighter .
88.Many girl students specialize in English.
89.Thanks to a kind-hearted taxi driver,Amy arrived at the meeting room in time.
90.The motives for suicide can be categorized into areas such as failure, the need for attention,stress,and so on.
PartVError Correction
91.She(A)is so(B) a good teacher that(C) all the students like(D) her.
92.Supposed(A) he does not come(B),shall(C) we go without(D) him?
93.Neither(A) of them were(B)in good health, but(C) both worked(D) very hard.
94.I’m look(A) forward to hearing(B) good news(C) form you(D).
95.More(A) and mor ,she wanted to communicate(B)for(C) others(D).
96.Her wallet has been stolen(A) from her unlockedcar(B) , only(C)because of her carelessness(D).
97.Weather permit(A),the Johnsons(B) will hold open-air(C) garden party(D).
98.No sooner(A) had they reached(B) there then(C) they were ordered to return to(D) London.
99.He must have(A) stayed up late(B) last night,mustn’t(C)he(D) ?
100.That(A) tests can actually give measurement of the languages skills(B) of the students are(C) questioned by many teachers(D).
Part VIWriting
Directions: For this part ,you’re required to write acompositionwith at least 120 words based on the following picture.Please entitle an write iton the Answer Sheet.
“You are the only one who know whether the shoes fit your feet.”
公共英语试题参考答案及评分标准 
Part I Vocabulary and Structure (40小题,每小题1分,共40分) 
1 -5  DBDAB     6 -10 DADAB    11-15 ABDDB    16-20 AAACC    21-25 BCBAB 26-30 ABDDC    31-35 DCDAD    36-40 BCCCC 
PartⅡCloze(20小题,每小题1分,共20分) 
41-45 ACADA    46-50 CBDCB    51-55 ADACB    56-60 DBABD 
Part III Reading Comprehension (20小题,每小题2分,共40分) 
61-65 CDBDC    66-70 BDABD    71-75 CBABA    76-80 ADDBA 
Part IV Translation (10小题,每题2分,共20分) 评分标准: 
    本部分为5个汉译英和5个英译汉句子,每句2分,共20分。 
    汉译英要求理解正确,译文忠实原文,语义通顺,整体衔接紧密,符合英文表达习惯。若结构错译或漏译两处扣0.5分,词义漏译或误译两处扣0.5分,单词拼写错误两处扣.5分,其他错误酌情扣分,但每句总扣分不得超过2分。 参考答案如下; 
81.No matter how complicated the problems may seem to be,he always finds ways to solve     them. 
82.Having taken her breakfast,the writer sat in the study among her morning letters. 
After she had had her breakfast,the writer sat in the study to deal with her morning letters 
83.She always gives me a cheery greeting. 
84.Are you traveling by land or by sea? 
85.Child's character is greatly influenced by family environment. 
    英译汉要求理解正确,译文忠实原文,语义通顺,整体衔接紧密,符合中文表达习惯。若结构错译或漏译两处扣0.5分,词义漏译或误译两处扣0.5分,语法错误扣0.5分,单词译错两处扣0.5分,其他错误酌情扣分,但每句总扣分不得超过2分。 参考答案如下: 
86,物价随季节而变动。 
87.笔之于一个作家正如枪支之于一名战士。 
88.许多女生专攻英语。 
89.幸亏遇到一位好心的出租车司机,Amy及时到达了会议室。 
90.人们自杀的原因种类很多,例如失败、需要关注和压力等。
 Part V Error Correction(10小题,每小题1分,共10分) 评分标准: 
本试题为改错题。每题指出错误得0.5分;改正错误得0.5分;全部正确得1分。  
 91.  B.  so--such 
  92.  A.  supposed--supposing   93.  B.  were--was   94.  A.  look  looking   95.  C  for--with 
  96.  A.  Has been stolen--was stolen   97.  A.  permit--permitting   98.  C  when--than 
  99.  C.  mustn't~didn't 100.  C.  are  is 
Part VI Writing(20分)   评分标准: 
    本题主要考齐考生的综合应用能力,包括词汇、语法、语言应用能力等。词句基本正确,无重大语法与拼写错误,表达清楚。建议采取整体印象方式判分,从主题、内容、意思表达、连贯衔接利语言能力等五个方面综合考虑划分档次,并在档次内合理给分。字数为120词左右。 
  16-20分:主题明确,内容完整,表达清楚,连贯性好,基本无语言错误,拼写正确。   11-15分:内容较完整,表达尚清楚,有少量语言错误,拼写基本正确。   6-10分: 内容大体完整,表达不够清楚,有较多语言错误。   2-5分: 内容不完整,表达有困难,语言错误多,拼写有错误。   0-1分:  内容模糊,不能表达意思,且语言错误多。

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