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2011年河南专升本公共英语真题及答案

摘要:每年的河南专升本考试试题(简称:专升本试题)在大家升本过程中的重要程度不言而喻,即使在专升本备基础备考阶段也要以历年专升本试题为根本,下面是天任专升本小编整理发布2011年河南省专升本英语试题及答案解析供考生参考,预祝大家考个好成绩!


2011年河南省普通高等学校
选拔优秀专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试
公共英语
一、单选题(每小题1分,共40分)
1. The shop assistant was dismissed as she was _____ of cheating customers.
 A、accused
 B、charged
 C、scolded
 D、cursed
2. The murderer was brought in, with his hands ______ behind his back.
 A、being  tied
 B、having tied
 C、to be tied
 D、tied
3. Needless to say, he _____ his good looks and sense of humor from his mother.
 A、inherited
 B、carried
 C、inhibited
 D、resembled
4. They have______ most carefully the time and the materials needed to complete the project.
 A、picked out
 B、left out
 C、taken out
 D、figured out
5. The room is quite neat; it _______.
 A、doesn't need to cleaning
 B、needn't to cleaning
 C、doesn't need cleaning 
 D、needn't cleaning
6. _____ right now, she would get there on Sunday.
 A、Would she leave
 B、If she leave
 C、Were she to leave
 D、If she had left
7. He must have stayed up late last night, ______ he?
 A、mustn't
 B、needn't
 C、hasn't
 D、didn't
8. ______ he does not come, shall we go without him?
 A、Supposing
 B、To suppose
 C、Supposed
 D、To be supposed
9. He will pass two milestones______ , that is, he will receive his master's degree and find a challenging job.
 A、long ago
 B、not long ago
 C、before long
 D、long before
10. Some diseases are ______ by certain water animals.
 A、transported
 B、transmitted
 C、transformed
 D、transplanted
11. Our hopes ______ at the first sight of the doctor.
 A、arose
 B、raised
 C、rose
 D、aroused
12. Eating too much fat can ______ heart disease and cause high blood pressure.
 A、attribute to
 B、contribute to
 C、attend to
 D、devote to
13. That ______ lady is their English teacher.
 A、young beautiful foreign
 B、beautiful young foreign
 C、young foreign beautiful
 D、foreign young beautiful
14. I don't think it advisable that Tom _____ to the job since he has no experience.
 A、is assigned
 B、will be assigned
 C、be assigned
 D、has been assigned
15. He is _____ of those boys who is willing to take on another assignment.
 A、the only one
 B、only one
 C、one
 D、a
16. I don't think it will rain, but I'll take an umbrella _____ it does.
 A、as if
 B、in case
 C、as though
 D、even if
17. All the tasks ______ ahead of time, they decided to go on holiday for a week.
 A、had been fulfilled
 B、were fulfilled
 C、having been fulfilled
 D、been fulfilled 
18. He didn't allow______  in his room. Actually, he didn't allow his family _____ at all.
 A、to smoke; to smoke
 B、smoking; to smoke
 C、to smoke; smoking
 D、smoking; smoking
19. Susan is _____ to lift the heavy box.
 A、strong
 B、enough strong
 C、strong enough
 D、strong too
20. By the end of this term, we _____ the textbook.
 A、finish
 B、have finished
 C、will finish
 D、will have finished
21. This hall can____ 1000 people. You can _____ where you like.
 A、hold; seat
 B、be seated; seated 
 C、seat; be seated
 D、hold; seating
22. I like English and I spent every minute I can _____ English.
 A、to study
 B、studying
 C、studied
 D、study
23. _____ of his name, we had a lot of trouble in finding the patient.
 A、Not informed
 B、Not having informed
 C、Not having been informed
 D、Having not informed
24. No matter how hard I searched my bag, my new pen was_____ .
 A、nowhere to find it
 B、nowhere to be found
 C、to be found nowhere
 D、to be found anywhere
25. Rather than _____ the bus, he ran all the way home.
 A、take
 B、to take
 C、taken
 D、took
26. ______ with the book I brought yesterday, the one _____ from the library doesn't seem interesting.
 A、When compared; borrowed
 B、While comparing; borrowed
 C、Compare; borrowing
 D、Comparing; borrowing
27. If you can't see the words written on the blackboard very well, maybe you need _____.
 A、examining
 B、to have you eyes examined
 C、to have examined your eyes
 D、to be examined your eyes
28. She must be looking forward as much to _____ from him as he himself is to_____ from her.
 A、hear; hearing
 B、hearing; hear
 C、have heard; hearing
 D、hearing; hearing
29. I sent invitations to 20 people, ______ came.
 A、of whom only 10 of these
 B、only 10 of these who
 C、of whom only 10
 D、only 10 who
30. _____ of the land in that district ______ covered with trees and grass.
 A、Two fifth; is
 B、Two fifths; are
 C、Two fifth; are
 D、Two fifths; is 
31. Free tickets will be given to _____ phones us first.
 A、that 
 B、whoever
 C、whomever
 D、who
32. _____ his words, there were no grounds to justify his complaints.
 A、Such being
 B、Such were
 C、Were such
 D、Being such
33. It was ten o'clock _____ he came back.
 A、that
 B、when
 C、so
 D、which
34. _____ difficulties we may come across, we will help one another to get over them.
 A、Whatever
 B、Whichever
 C、However
 D、What 
35. _____ raw materials into useful products is called manufacturing.
 A、Transform
 B、Transforming
 C、Being transformed
 D、When transforming
36. Smoking should be_____  in all public places like theatres, cinemas and restaurants.
 A、banned
 B、specified
 C、passed
 D、preserved 
37. ______ for your help, we wouldn't have succeeded.
 A、Hadn't it been
 B、Had it not been
 C、If it had been
 D、If it were
38. All the students were _____ by the ______ speech given by the headmaster.
 A、inspired; inspired
 B、inspiring; inspiring
 C、inspired; inspiring
 D、inspiring; inspired 
39. He knows little of maths, and ______ of chemistry.
 A、much less
 B、much more
 C、even more
 D、still more
40. John is _______ the age of Mary.
 A、old
 B、twice
 C、double
 D、as old as
二、完形填空(每小题1分,共40分)
    Paris is the capital of the European nation of France. It is also one of the most beautiful and 41cities in the world.
    Paris is called the City of Light. It is 42an international fashion center. What modern women are 43in Paris will soon be worn by many women 44the world. Paris is also a famous world centre of education. For instance, the head quarters of UNESCO, the United Nations 45, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, is in Paris.
    The Seine River 46the city into two parts. Thirty-two bridges 47this scenic river. The oldest and 48most well-known is the Pont Neuf, 49was built in the sixteenth century. The Sorbonne, a famous university, 50on the Left Bank (south side) 51the river. The beautiful white church Sacre Coeur lies 52the hill called Montmartre on the Right Bank (north bank) of the Seine.
  There are many other famous places in Paris, 53the famous museum the Louvre 54the cathedral of Notre Dame. However, the most famous landmark in this city 55the Eiffel Tower.
Paris is named 56a group of people 57the Parisii. They 58a small village on an island 59the Seine River about two thousand years ago. This island, called the Ile de la Cité, is 60Notre Dame is located. Today around eight million people live in the Paris area.
41. A、famousest    B、most famous     C、famouser     D、more famous
42. A、as well    B、too     C、also     D、as well as
43. A、clothing    B、dressing     C、putting on     D、wearing
44. A、all over    B、over all     C、whole over     D、over whole
45. A、Educating     B、Education     C、Educationally     D、Educational
46. A、divides    B、breaks     C、arranges     D、classfies
47. A、pass     B、cover     C、cross     D、lie
48. A、perhaps    B、possibly     C、likely     D、similarly
49. A、it     B、that     C、where     D、which
50. A、is locating    B、locates     C、is located     D、located
51. A、on     B、of     C、over     D、above
52. A、on top of    B、on top     C、at top of     D、top of
53. A、as such     B、such as     C、such like     D、like such
54. A、and as well    B、well as     C、as well     D、as well as
55. A、must be     B、has to be     C、can be      D、need be
56. A、behind    B、about      C、after     D、concerning
57. A、called    B、calling     C、to be called     D、being called
58. A、have built    B、built     C、had built     D、build
59. A、among     B、between     C、in the middle of     D、over
60. A、in which     B、which     C、where     D、that
三、阅读理解(每小题2分,共40分)
Passage One
   Researchers have found that REM(rapid eye movement) sleep is important to human beings. This type of sleep generally occurs four or five times during one night of sleep, lasting five minutes to forty minutes for each occurrence. The deeper a person's sleep becomes, the longer the periods of rapid eye movement.
There are physical changes in the body to show that a person has changed from NREM(non-rapid eye movement) to REM sleep. Breathing becomes faster, the heart rate increases, and, as the name implies, the eyes begin to move quickly.
Accompanying these physical changes in the body is a very important characteristic of REM sleep. It is during REM sleep that a person dreams.
61. According to the passage, how often does REM sleep occur in one night?
 A、Once.
 B、Twice.
 C、Four or five times.
 D、Forty times.
62. The word “deeper” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
 A、Heavier.
 B、Louder.
 C、Stronger.
 D、Happier.
63. Which of the following shows that a person is NOT dreaming in his sleep?
 A、His eyes begin to move.
 B、His breathing becomes faster.
 C、His heart rate increases.
 D、His eyes stop moving.
64. The subject of this passage is______ .
 A、why people sleep  
 B、the human need for REM sleep
 C、the characteristics of REM sleep
 D、physical changes in the human body
65. Which of the following is the best title of the article?
 A、REM Sleep
 B、Two Types of Sleep   
 C、Sleepers
 D、What Happens to Sleepers 
Passage Two
Foxes and farmers have never got on well. These small dog-like animals have long been accused of killing farm animals. They are officially classified as harmful and farmers try to keep their numbers down by shooting or poisoning them.
Farmers can also call on the services of their local hunt to control the fox population. Hunting consists of pursuing a fox across the countryside, with a group of specially trained dogs, followed by men and women riding horses. When the dogs eventually catch the fox they kill it or a hunter shoots it.
People who take part in hunting think of it as a sport; they wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers, and follow strict codes of behavior. But owning a horse and hunting regularly is expensive, so most hunters are wealthy.
It is estimated that up to 100,000 people watch or take part in fox hunting. But over the last couple of decades the number of people opposed to fox hunting, because they think it is brutal(残酷的), has risen sharply. Nowadays it is rare for a hunt to pass off without some kind of confrontation(冲突) between hunters and hunt saboteurs(阻拦者). Sometimes these incidents lead to violence, but mostly saboteurs interfere with the hunt by misleading riders and disturbing the trail of the fox's smell, which the dogs follow.
Noisy confrontations between hunters and saboteurs have become so common that they are almost as much a part of hunting as the pursuit of foxes itself. But this year supporters of fox hunting face a much bigger threat to their sport. A Labour Party Member of the Parliament, Mike Foster, is trying to get Parliament to approve a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal. If the law is passed, wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain.
66. Rich people in Britain have been hunting foxes________ .
 A、for recreation 
 B、to limit the fox population
 C、in the interests of the farmers
 D、to show off their wealth
67. What is special about fox hunting in Britain?
 A、It involves the use of a deadly poison.
 B、It is a costly event which rarely occurs.
 C、The hunters have set rules to follow.
 D、The hunters have to go through strict training.
68. Fox hunting opponents often interfere in the game______ .
 A、by resorting to violence
 B、by confusing the fox hunters
 C、by taking legal action
 D、by demonstrating on the scene
69. A new law may be passed by the British Parliament to _______.
 A、prohibit farmers from hunting foxes
 B、forbid hunting foxes with dogs
 C、stop hunting wild animals in the countryside
 D、prevent large-scale fox hunting
70. It can be inferred from the passage that ______.
 A、killing foxes with poison is illegal
 B、limiting the fox population is unnecessary
 C、hunting foxes with dogs is considered cruel and violent
 D、fox-hunting often leads to confrontation between the poor and the rich
Passage Three
If you listen to American music, watch American television or magazines, you will probably agree that the most popular subject of these forms of entertainment is love. Romantic love always finds an audience in the United States. Falling in love, solving the problems of love, and achieving the happy ending—the big wedding are subjects of interest to the adult as well as the teenage public. Millions of Americans celebrate Valentine's Day with special cards and gifts that announce their love to their mates, their friends, their co-workers and their families. Popular songs tell us that “all the world loves a lover”. A popular saying is “Love conquers all”. Numerous columns in magazines and newspapers offer advice to the lovelorn, those with difficulties of the heart. To most Americans, romantic love is essential to a happy life.
  Not only do Americans believe in romantic love but they also believe that it is the best basis for marriage. Despite the high divorce rate in the United States, young men and women continue to marry on the basis of romantic love.
  Americans consider marriage a private arrangement between the two people involved. Young Americans feel free to choose their own marriage partners from any social, economic, or religious background. The man or woman may have strong ties with parents, brothers, or sisters, but when he or she falls in love, the strongest feelings are supposed to be for the loved one. When an American couple marries, they generally plan to live apart from both sets of parents and build their own independent family structure.
71. What is the most popular subject of all forms of entertainment?
 A、Marriage.
 B、Love.
 C、Family.
 D、Friendship.
72. Who is interested in the subject of love?
 A、Adults who are single.    
 B、Teenagers whose parents are divorced.
 C、Old people who have no children.
 D、Both adults and teenagers. 
73. What do most Americans think of romantic love?
 A、It is central to a happy life.
 B、It is not the basis for marriage.
 C、It is not necessarily important in a person's life.
 D、Many people long for it, but it is unbelievable.
74. What factors do young Americans consider when choosing their own marriage partner?
 A、They will think about their background.
 B、They think economic background is essential.
 C、They won't choose a marriage partner from different religious backgrounds.
 D、They don't think social, economical or religious background is important.
75. What does an American couple plan to do when they marry?
 A、They continue to live with their parents after their marriage.
 B、They plan to live by themselves.
 C、They plan to earn more money to buy a house.
 D、They plan to travel all over the world. 
Passage Four
  In 1939 two brothers, Mac and Dick McDonald, started a drive-in restaurant in San Bernardino, California. They carefully chose a busy corner for their location. They had run their own businesses for years,first a theater,then a barbecue(烤肉)restaurant, then another drive-in. But in their new operation,they offered a new,shortened menu: French fries,hamburgers,and sodas. To this small selection they added one new concept: quick service,no waiters or waitresses,and no tips.
  Their hamburgers sold for fifteen cents. Cheese was another four cents. Their French fries and hamburgers had a remarkable uniformity(一致性),for the brothers had developed a strict routine for the preparation of their food,and they insisted on their cooks' sticking to their routine. Their new drive-in became incredibly popular,particularly for lunch. People drove up by the hundreds during the busy noontime. The self-service restaurant was so popular that the brothers had allowed ten copies of their restaurant to be opened. They were content with this modest success until they met Ray Kroc.
       Kroc was a salesman who met the McDonald brothers in 1954,when he was selling milkshake-mixing machines. He quickly saw the unique appeal of the brothers' fast-food restaurants and bought the right to franchise(特许经营)other copies of their restaurants. The agreement included the right to duplicate the menu, the equipment,even their red and white buildings with the golden arches(拱门).
      Today McDonald's is really a household name. Its names for its sandwiches have come to mean hamburgers in the decades since the day Ray Kroc watched people rush up to order fifteen-cent hamburgers. In 1976,McDonald's had over $1 billion in total sales. Its first twenty-two years is one of the most incredible success stories in modern American business history.
76. This passage mainly talks about_______.
 A、the development of fast food services
 B、how McDonald's became a billion-dollar business
 C、the business careers of Mac and Dick McDonald
 D、Ray Kroc's business talent
77. Mac and Dick managed all of the following businesses except ______.
 A、a drive-in
 B、a cinema
 C、a theater
 D、a barbecue restaurant
78. We may infer from this passage that_______.
 A、Mac and Dick McDonald never became wealthy for they sold their idea to Kroc
 B、The location the McDonalds chose was the only source of the great popularity of their drive-in
 C、Forty years ago there were numerous fast-food restaurants
 D、Ray Kroc was a good businessman
79. The passage suggests that ______.
 A、creativity is an important element of business success
 B、Ray Kroc was the close partner of the McDonald brothers
 C、Mac and Dick McDonald became broken after they sold their ideas to Ray Kroc
 D、California is the best place to go into business
80. As used in the second sentence of the third paragraph,the word “unique” means_____ .
 A、special
 B、financial
 C、attractive
 D、peculiar
四、翻译题(每小题2分,共20分)
81. 我记得在哪里见过她。
82. 杰克想买一辆和玛丽的一样的轿车。
83. 尽管困难重重,他们还是想办法提前完成了任务。
84. 昨天我急急忙忙赶到火车站时,发现火车已经开走了。
85. 那位老人宁愿独居乡下,也不愿和儿子一起住在城里。
86. The house was more luxuriously decorated than what was expected of it.
87. They didn't realize the consequence of their action, or they wouldn't have done such a thing.
88. “After you, please!” the gentlemen said politely to the lady when they came to the entrance.
89. Don't forget to remind me of returning the books to the library. 
90. I won't be free tomorrow morning because I'll be seeing a friend off. 
五、改错题(每小题1分,共10分)
91. Man is superiorthanthe animals and he uses languageto conveyhis thoughts.
            A    B                          C         D
92. Itwas the bad weatherwhichruinedtheir plan.
   A           B       C     D
 
93. He boughta lot of books, noneof themhe had ever read.
        A                  B      C         D
94. Therewasno meeting last Wednesday, he went hometo seehis parents.
     A  B                                C       D
95. Ifcarefully doing, the experiments willbe successful.
   A         B                  C       D
96. It was suchinteresting a bookthat both my son and my daughter couldn'tput it down.
          A             B                                     C          D
97. Not untilshe got tothe classroom she foundthat she had forgottento bring her books.
        A      B                   C                 D
98. Tom found thatincredible to adapt tothe climate so soonwhere he would settle down.
              A                B                C                      D
99. In westerncountries, teenagers exposedto moredrug education, but drug use is still
       A                        B         C
 on the side.
     D
100. He has nothingto saybut dowhat is told to.
             A       B    C      D
六、写作题(共20分)
101. 写作题 真题河南2011纠错收藏
Directions: For this part, you're required to write a composition on the topic Movement of Population. You should write at least 120 words, and your composition should be based on the outline given in Chinese below and write your composition on the Answer Sheet.
Movement of Population
(1) 城乡人口互流现象;
(2) 城乡人口互流的利与弊;
(3) 自己的观点。

 
2011年河南省专升本公共英语真题答案
1.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】这个店员被解雇了,因为她被控告欺骗顾客。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Abe accused of:被指控犯有……罪,被指责……;be charged with:被指控犯有……罪;scold:训斥,责骂,没有be scolded of 这个搭配;curse:诅咒,咒骂,也不与of搭配。故选A。
2.参考答案:D
参考解析:【翻译】这个杀人犯被带进来了,他的双手被绑在身后。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】D根据句意可知,his hands和tie之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,且这一动作已经完成,因此此处应用过去分词作宾补表示被动和完成的动作。A项表示现在正在进行的动作,B项表示主动和完成的动作,C项表示发生在将来的动作,均不符合题意。故选D。
3.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】不用说,他从他妈妈那里继承了良好的相貌和幽默感。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Ainherit:继承(金钱、财产等),经遗传获得(品质、身体特征等);carry:携带,运送;inhibit:制止,抑制;resemble:像,相似。根据句意可知,选A。
4.参考答案:D
参考解析:【翻译】他们非常认真地计算出了完成这项工程所需要的时间和材料。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Dpick out:选出,拣出;leave out:省略,遗漏;take out:拿出,取出;figure out:理解,计算出。根据句意可知,选D。
5.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】房间相当整洁,不需要打扫。
[考点]固定用法
【精析】C当need,want,require这三个词意为“需要”,且其前面的主语是指物的名词或代词时,其后要用动名词的主动形式或不定式的被动形式作宾语,表示被动意义。选项B、D中need是用作情态动词,其后应跟动词原形,因此可排除。故选C。
6.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】如果她马上出发的话,星期天就会到达那儿。
[考点]虚拟语气
【精析】C当虚拟条件句中含有were,had,should等词时,可以省略if,并把这些词放在句首。根据句中的时间状语right now和主句中的would get可知,本句是对将来情况的假设,因此从句谓语动词应用过去式(be动词用were)或者“should/were to+动词原形”的形式。结合选项可知,选C。
7.参考答案:D
参考解析:【翻译】他昨天晚上一定熬到很晚才睡,对不对?
[考点]反意疑问句
【精析】D当陈述句部分含有情态动词must时,当must表示“必须,应当”等命令或义务时,疑问句部分用mustn't;当must表示“有必要”时,疑问句部分用needn't(不必);当must表示“想必,一定”等推测意义时,疑问句部分则根据陈述句部分的时态采用相应的动词或助动词形式。本题陈述句部分的must表示对过去发生事情的推测,且有具体的时间状语last night,因此疑问句部分应用didn't。故选D。
8.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】假定他没来,没有他我们可以走吗?
[考点]固定用法
【精析】Asupposing可作为连词,意为“假定,假设”,引导条件状语从句。根据句意并分析句子结构可知,选A。
9.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】不久之后,他将会经历两件大事,那就是,他将会获得硕士学位并找到一份富有挑战性的工作。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Clong ago:很久以前;not long ago:不久之前;before long:不久之后;long before意同long ago,表示“很久以前”,一般用于过去完成时的句子中。根据句意可知,选C。
10.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】一些疾病是通过某些水生动物传播的。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Btransport:运输,运送;transmit:传播,传染,传送;transform:使转换,使彻底改变;transplant:移植,使迁移。表示“疾病传播”应用transmit。故选B。
11.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】一看到医生,我们就燃起了希望。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Aarise:出现,发生,一般指表示无形的东西,如困难、问题等出现或发生,是不及物动词;raise:提高,增加,举起,筹集,养育(孩子),为及物动词;rise:上升,升起,一般指具体事物的上升或升起,是不及物动词;arouse:唤醒(某人),激起,引起,为及物动词。根据句意和用法可知,选A。
12.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】摄入过多脂肪可能导致心脏病并引发高血压。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Bcontribute to:捐赠(尤指款或物),是……的原因之一,(为报纸、杂志、电台或电视节目)撰稿;attribute sth.to…:把某事归因于……;attend to sb./sth.:照料,处理,专心于;devote…to…:把……用于,致力于。根据句意可知,选B。
13.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】那位年轻漂亮的外国女士是他们的英语教师。
[考点]限定词排序
【精析】B多个形容词作定语修饰名词时的排列顺序可记为如下口诀:限定描绘大长高,形状年龄和新老,颜色国籍出材料,作用类别往后靠。beautiful为描绘性形容词,故放在表示年龄的形容词young前面,foreign是表示国籍和出处的形容词,放在最后。故选B。
14.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】我认为安排给汤姆这项工作是不明智的,因为他没有经验。
[考点]虚拟语气
【精析】C在表示“看法”的动词consider, deem, think等后以it为形式宾语的宾语从句中可以用虚拟语气,其谓语动词的形式为“should+动词原形”,should可以省略。在这一句型中作宾补使用的形容词有necessary, important, natural, desirable, essential, imperative, urgent, vital, advisable等。故选C。
15.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】他是那些男孩子中唯一一个愿意承担另一项任务的人。
[考点]主谓一致
【精析】A因为从句中谓语动词是is,所以定语从句的先行词应该是one,但必须要用the only等限定词来修饰;若选C,先行词应该是those boys,后面从句的谓语动词要用复数。故选A。
16.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】我认为不会下雨,但我会带把伞以防万一。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Bas if:好像,好似;in case:以防,以防万一;as though:好像;even if:即使,虽然。根据句意可知,选B。
17.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】所有的工作都提前完成了,他们决定去度假一周。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】C分析句子结构可知,逗号后面是一个完整的句子,所以逗号前应是一个独立主格结构。All the tasks和fulfill(完成)之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,所以应用被动形式;又因为fulfill表示的动作发生在decided表示的动作之前,所以应用现在分词的完成被动式。故选C。
18.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】他不允许有人在他的房间里抽烟,实际上他不允许他的家人抽烟。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】Ballow doing sth.:允许做某事,其中动名词作宾语;allow sb. to do sth.:准许某人做某事,其中不定式作宾补。故选B。
19.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】苏姗强壮到足以举起这个重箱子。
[考点]固定用法
【精析】Cenough作形容词意为“充足的”,修饰名词时既可位于名词之前,也可位于名词之后;但enough作副词修饰形容词或副词时,应当后置。故选C。
20.参考答案:D
参考解析:【翻译】截止到这个学期末,我们就会学完这本书了。
[考点]动词时态
【精析】D根据句中的时间状语By the end of this term(截止到这个学期末),本句应用将来完成时,表示在将来某一时刻之前已经完成的动作。故选D。
21.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】这个礼堂能坐1000人。你想坐哪儿就坐哪儿。
[考点]动词语态
【精析】Cseat 多用作名词,表示“座位,座”。当它用作动词表示“使坐下,使就座”时,是及物动词,常用于seat oneself或be seated结构中。seat 作动词时还可以表示交通工具、建筑物等能容纳多少人,意为“坐得下……人”。综上所述,选C。
22.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】我喜欢英语,我把每一分钟都花在英语学习上。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】Bspend time on sth./(in)doing sth.为固定用法,意为“花费时间在某事上/做某事上”。故选B。
23.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】由于没有被告知这个病人的名字,我们在找他时遇到了很多麻烦。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】C本题考查非谓语动词短语作原因状语的用法。根据句意可知,逻辑主语we与inform之间是动宾关系,因此要用被动语态。由于inform所表示的动作发生在谓语动词had所表示的动作之前,所以要用现在分词的完成被动式。其否定形式是在其前加not。故选C。
24.参考答案:B
参考解析: 【翻译】无论我多么努力地在包里翻找,我还是没有找到我的新钢笔。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】B由句意可知,钢笔是被找的对象,因此要用被动语态。nowhere作状语,是否定副词,应放在动词不定式的前面。也可将nowhere to be found看作一个固定搭配,意为“哪儿也找不到”。故选B。
25.参考答案:D
参考解析: 【翻译】他一路跑回家,而没有乘公交车。
[考点]固定用法
【精析】Drather than可以用作连词,意为“而不是”,连接两个平行结构。根据ran可知,空处应填过去式。故选D。
26.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】和昨天我带来的书相比,从图书馆借的那本书看起来很没趣。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】A分析句子结构可知,逗号前面为时间状语从句,从句主语和主句主语一致;又因为compare与逻辑主语the one之间是动宾关系,所以应用被动语态。当从句主语和主句主语一致,且从句中有be动词时,可以省略从句主语和be动词,结合选项可知,第一个空应填When compared。且根据句意可知,the one与borrow之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,且表示已完成,所以第二个空应用过去分词形式。综上所述,选A。
27.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】如果你不能看清黑板上写的字,可能你需要检查一下你的眼睛了。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】Bneed作行为动词时,表示“需要,必要”,其后可用动名词的主动形式或不定式的被动形式作宾语,表示被动意义,根据句意可知,you并非被检查的对象,eyes才是,故排除A项。need to do sth.为固定用法,意为“需要做……”。eyes和examine之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,所以应用过去分词作宾补,也可将have sth.done当作固定用法,意为“让某物被(别人)做”。故选B。
28.参考答案:D
参考解析:【翻译】她一定盼望着收到他的来信,就像他盼望着收到她的来信一样。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】D分析句子结构可知,as much…as 连接的两个部分结构平行,且都作look forward to的宾语。look forward to doing sth.为固定用法,意为“盼望做某事”。故选D。
29.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】我给20个人发了请柬,其中只有10个人来了。
[考点]定语从句
【精析】C分析句子结构可知,逗号后为非限制性定语从句。关系词指代先行词20 people,且由于从句中的10个人与前面的20人是所属关系,所以此处应用of whom引导从句,并可将of whom提到从句句首。故选C。
30.参考答案:D
参考解析:【翻译】那片区域有五分之二的土地覆盖着树和草。
[考点]固定用法和主谓一致
【精析】D分数词由基数词和序数词构成,分子用基数词,分母用序数词。分子大于1时,作分母的序数词要用复数形式,排除选项A、C。“分数/百分数+of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的单复数取决于名词的单复数。本题of后的the land是一个整体,其后谓语动词要用单数形式。故选D。
31.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】无论是谁第一个打电话给我们,都会得到免费票。
[考点]宾语从句
【精析】B分析句子结构可知,to之后为宾语从句。从句成分不完整,缺少主语。whoever表示“任何人,不论什么人,不论是谁”,充当从句的主语,相当于anyone who。其他三项无此用法。故选B。
32.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】这就是他所说的话,没有理由为他的抱怨辩解。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】A分析句子结构可知,逗号前是由“代词+现在分词”构成的一个独立主格结构,在句子中作状语,用来修饰整个句子。故选A。
33.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】他回来的时候是10点钟。
[考点]状语从句
【精析】B分析句子结构可知,空处应用when引导时间状语从句。本题易错选A项,容易当成强调句型,但强调句型中把It is/was和that去掉之后,应该是一个完整的句子,本题明显不符合该原则。故选B。
34.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】无论遇到什么困难,我们都会互相帮助以渡过难关。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Awhatever:无论什么,不管什么,可以引导让步状语从句,后常跟名词或动词;whichever:无论哪个,任何一个,引导让步状语从句时表示选择;however:无论如何,不管怎样,引导让步状语从句时后应常跟形容词或副词;what:什么,一般用来引导名词性从句,在从句中充当主语、宾语、定语等。根据空后的difficulties及句意可知,选A。
35.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】把原材料转变成有用的产品的过程叫生产。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】B分析句子结构可知,is之前为主语,所以应用动名词短语作主语,排除选项A、D。且根据句意可知,transform的逻辑主语应为人,两者之间是主动关系,所以动名词应用主动形式。故选B。
36.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】所有的公共场所,如剧院、电影院和饭店,都应该禁止抽烟。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Aban:禁止,取缔;specify:具体规定,详细指明;pass:通过,传递,经过;preserve:保留,维持,防护。根据句意可知,选A。
37.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】如果没有你的帮助,我们是不会取得成功的。
[考点]虚拟语气
【精析】B分析句子结构可知,本句含有一个省略if的非真实条件句。根据主句中的wouldn't have succeeded可知,这里表示的是对过去发生事情的虚拟,从句应用过去完成时。当if引导的非真实条件句中有should, were或had时,可以省略if,将这些词提前,其余部分保持不变。故选B。
38.参考答案:C
参考解析:【翻译】所有的学生都被校长那令人振奋的演讲鼓舞了。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Cinspired:受鼓励的,得到灵感的;inspiring:鼓舞人心的,使人振奋的。现在分词形式的形容词一般用来形容事物,过去分词形式的形容词用来形容人。根据句意可知,选C。
39.参考答案:A
参考解析:【翻译】数学他懂得很少,化学懂得更少。
[考点]比较级
【精析】A根据句意可知,本题的比较对象是“他”对数学和化学的了解程度。little的比较级是less,比较级前可以用much,even,still,far, by far,a little等修饰。故选A。
40.参考答案:B
参考解析:【翻译】约翰的年龄是玛丽年龄的两倍。
[考点]倍数表达法
【精析】B表示“A是B年龄的两倍”用“A is twice the age of B”;如果选D,本句可改为:John is as old as Mary。故选B。
41. 参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]语法结构题
【精析】B本句意为:它(巴黎)也是世界上最漂亮、最有名的城市之一。形容词“famous”的最高级形式为“the most famous”。此外,and连接两个并列的结构。故选B。
42. 参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Cas well, too, also和as well as都可以表示“也”,但as well和too一般用在句尾;also一般用于句中;as well as 一般用于句中,连接两个平行的结构等。根据句意“它(巴黎)也是一个国际时尚中心”可知,选C。
43. 参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Dclothe:给……穿衣,其宾语多为人;dress:给……穿衣,打扮,一般也要接人作宾语;put on:穿上,戴上,一般强调穿衣服的动作,是短暂性动词短语;wear:穿衣服,穿戴,可表示穿衣的状态。结合句意,此处指“巴黎时尚女性的穿戴”,表示的是状态。故选D。
44.参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】Aall over the world为固定搭配,意为“全世界”。
45. 参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]语法结构题
【精析】D分析句子结构可知,UNESCO后面的名词短语为其全称。由并列连词and可知,空处与后面的Scientific,Cultural构成并列结构,因此空处应用education的形容词形式来修饰中心名词organization。故选D。
46. 参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Adivide:(把……)分成,divide sth. into意为“把……分成”;break:(使)破,裂,碎,break into意为“闯入”;arrange:安排;classify:把……分类。根据句意“塞纳河把巴黎城一分为二”可知,选A。
47. 参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Cpass:经过,越过;cover:遮盖,遮蔽;cross:越过,横跨;lie:躺,平卧。根据句意可知,三十二座桥应该是“横跨”在塞纳河上。故选C。
48. 参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Aperhaps, possibly, likely都有“可能,也许”的意思,但possibly和likely 都侧重于可能性较大,只有perhaps语气稍弱,指有可能是也有可能不是;similarly:相似地,类似地。本句意为:最古老且可能是最著名的桥是建于16世纪的新桥。根据句意可知,选A。
49. 参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]语法结构题
【精析】D分析句子结构可知,空处引导一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是“the Pont Neuf(新桥)”,且从句成分不完整,缺少主语,所以应用which。
50. 参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]语法结构题
【精析】C本句意为:这所著名的大学位于河左岸(南面)。主语university和动词locate(使……坐落在)之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,所以此处应用表示被动的is located。故选C。
51. 参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】B此处指“河的左岸”,表示所属关系,选项中有此用法的只有of。
52. 参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】Aon top of为固定搭配,意为“在……顶部”。
53. 参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】B表示列举时,可用such as,为固定搭配,意为“例如”。
54. 参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Das well as一般用于句中,意为“也,还”,可用来连接两个名词。as well也表示“也,还”,但一般用于句尾,不符合题意。故选D。
55. 参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]语法结构题
【精析】A本句意为:但是,这个城市最负盛名的景观,一定是埃菲尔铁塔。根据句意可知,此处表示肯定的推测,所以用must be。have to:不得不,必须;can:可以,能够;need:需要,均不符合题意。
56. 参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】Cname after…为固定搭配,意为“以……命名”。
57. 参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]语法结构题
【精析】A此处指“被叫作Parisii的一个种族”。call与a group of people为逻辑上的动宾关系,且这里没有明显的时间先后顺序,所以应用过去分词,过去分词短语called the Parisii在此处作a group of people的后置定语。
58. 参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]语法结构题
【精析】B本句中有明显的表示过去的时间状语two thousand years ago,故本句的谓语动词应用过去式。
59. 参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Camong指三者或三者以上之间;between表示两者之间;over表示在……的上面;in the middle of表示某物的中心、中间。此处指“塞纳河中间的小岛上”。故选C。
60. 参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]语法结构题
【精析】C分析句子结构可知,空处引导一个表语从句,且从句中缺少地点状语,所以应用where引导。in which和which一般用来引导定语从句;that引导表语从句时在从句中不充当任何成分,只起连接作用。
61.参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]事实细节题
【精析】C题干的大意是:根据文章,一晚上快速眼动睡眠通常发生几次?根据第一段第二句“This type of sleep generally occurs four or five times during one night of sleep…”可知,一晚上快速眼动睡眠一般会发生四到五次。故选C。
62.参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]词语理解题
【精析】A题干的大意是:第一段中的单词“deeper”同下面哪个词的意思最接近?根据第一段最后一句可知,一个人睡得越沉,快速眼动持续的时间就越长,所以deeper在文中的意思是“睡眠深,睡得沉”。与其意思相符的只有heavier(更沉的)。louder:更响亮的,更吵闹的;stronger:更强壮的;happier:更开心(幸福)的,均不符合题意。故选A。
63.参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]推理判断题
【精析】D题干的大意是:下列哪一项说明一个人在睡觉时没有做梦?根据最后一段最后一句“It is during REM sleep that a person dreams.”可知,正是在快速眼动睡眠状态下人才做梦。由此可推知,眼睛停止转动说明人没在做梦。根据第二段最后一句可知,选项A、B、C均是进入快速眼动睡眠状态的表现。故选D。
64.参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]主旨大意题
【精析】C题干的大意是:这篇文章的主题是。通读全文可知,第一段介绍了快速眼动睡眠对人类的重要性以及特征,第二段介绍了人体进入快速眼动睡眠状态时的特征,第三段介绍了只有在快速眼动睡眠状态下人才会做梦。由此可知,本文主要讲述了快速眼动睡眠的特征。故选C。
65.参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]主旨大意题
【精析】A题干的大意是:下列哪一项可以作为本篇文章的最佳标题?根据上题解析可知,本文主要介绍了REM sleep(快速眼动睡眠),所以最佳标题为A。
66.参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]事实细节题
【精析】A题干的大意是:在英国,富人捕猎狐狸。根据第三段“People who take part in hunting think of it as a sport…are wealthy.”可知,对于富人来说,猎狐是一种娱乐消遣活动(recreation)。故选A。
67.参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]事实细节题
【精析】C题干的大意是:在英国,捕猎狐狸有什么特别之处?根据第三段第一句“…they wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers, and follow strict codes of behavior.”可知,在英国捕猎狐狸需要遵循严格的行为规范。故选C。
68.参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]推理判断题
【精析】B题干的大意是:反对猎狐者常常会干扰猎狐活动。根据第四段最后一句可知,在大多数情况下,阻拦猎狐的人会误导猎手和扰乱猎狗赖以追踪狐狸的气味踪迹以干扰猎狐活动,这些活动都是为了把猎狐者弄糊涂。故选B。
69.参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]推理判断题
【精析】B题干的大意是:英国议会可能会通过一项新的法律以。由最后一段倒数第二句“…a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal.”可推知,这项新的法律如果被通过,带着猎狗去捕杀野生动物就会成为一种违法行为。故选B。
70.参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]推理判断题
【精析】C题干的大意是:通过文章可以推断出。根据文章第四段可知,越来越多的人反对猎狐,并通过各种途径阻拦猎狐行为,因为他们认为这种行为十分残酷。根据最后一段可知,已经有议员向议会提出应通过一项新的法律来禁止用狗捕猎野生动物。由此可推知,用狗来猎捕狐狸是残酷的,也是暴虐的。故选C。
71.参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]事实细节题
【精析】B题干的大意是:所有形式的娱乐中最流行的主题是什么?根据第一段第一句“…the most popular subject of these forms of entertainment is love.”可知,爱情是所有这些娱乐形式最流行的主题。故选B。
72.参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]事实细节题
【精析】D题干的大意是:谁对爱情这个话题感兴趣?根据第一段第三句“… are subjects of interest to the adult as well as the teenage public.”可知,成年人和青少年都对爱情这一话题感兴趣。故选D。
73.参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]事实细节题
【精析】A题干的大意是:大多数美国人是怎样看待浪漫的爱情的?根据第一段最后一句“To most Americans, romantic love is essential to a happy life.”可知,浪漫的爱情对幸福生活很重要。A项中的central(主要的,中心的)是文中essential的同义替换。故选A。
74.参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]推理判断题
【精析】D题干的大意是:在选择自己的结婚对象时,美国的年轻人会考虑什么因素?根据第三段第二句“Young Americans feel free to choose their own marriage partners from any social, economic, or religious background.”可知,美国的年轻人在选择结婚对象时是自由的,结婚对象可能来自任何社会、经济和宗教背景。由此可推知,他们在选择结婚对象时并不认为社会、经济和宗教背景很重要。故选D。
75.参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]事实细节题
【精析】B题干的大意是:一对美国夫妇结婚时会打算做什么?根据最后一段最后一句“When an American couple marries, they generally plan to live apart from both sets of parents and build their own independent family structure.”可知,当一对美国夫妇结婚时,他们一般会从原来的家里搬出去,组建自己的独立家庭,所以选项B(他们打算单独生活)正确。
76.参考答案:C
参考解析:[考点]主旨大意题
【精析】C题干的大意是:本文主要讲述了。通读全文可知,本文主要叙述了麦当劳快餐店事业的发展史。马克和迪克·麦当劳两兄弟最初创办了他们的汽车餐馆。推销员雷·克罗克看到了麦当劳兄弟快餐店的特殊吸引力并购买了快餐店的特许经营权,把麦当劳快餐发展壮大,后来麦当劳成了家喻户晓的名字。故选C。
77.参考答案:B
参考解析:[考点]事实细节题
【精析】B题干的大意是:马克和迪克经营过以下所有的生意,除了。根据第一段第三句“They had run their own businesses for years,first a theater,then a barbecue restaurant, then another drive-in.”可知,A、C、D三项在文中均有提及,选项中只有B项他们没有做过。故选B。
78.参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]推理判断题
【精析】D题干的大意是:我们可以从本篇文章中推断出。根据第三段可知,克罗克在1954年遇到麦当劳兄弟时还只是一个销售员,但他很快发现了麦当劳兄弟快餐店的独特吸引力并购买了其特许经营权。根据最后一段可知,麦当劳获得了巨大的成功,他因为自己的明智决策也会获得了巨大的利益。因此我们可以推断出克罗克是一个很优秀的商人。
79.参考答案:A
参考解析:[考点]推理判断题
【精析】A题干的大意是:文章暗示了。根据第一段第四、五句“…they offered a new,shortened menu…added one new concept: quick service,no waiters or waitresses,and no tips.”可推知,麦当劳兄弟这次开的快餐店与以往的和当时的其他餐馆完全不同,他们添加了新的理念,而这种创新也造就了他们商业上的成功。所以creativity(创造性)对于商业成功来说是很重要的。故选A。
80.参考答案:D
参考解析:[考点]词语理解题
【精析】D题干的大意是:在第三段第二句的词语“unique”的意思是。根据第一段可知,麦当劳兄弟经营自己的快餐店时添加了新的理念,与众不同。再根据第三段第二句“…unique appeal of the brothers' fastfood restaurants and bought the right to franchise other copies of their restaurants.”可知,克罗克买下了麦当劳的经营权,由此可推知,克罗克是看到了麦当劳兄弟快餐店的独特吸引力。unique意为“独一无二的,独特的”,与D项(独有的,特有的)意思最为接近。special:特殊的,特别的,是普通用词,指不同于一般事物,着重强调事物的专门性,突出与一般不同;financial:财务的,金融的;attractive:吸引人的,均不符合题意。
81.参考答案:【翻译】I remember I have ever seen her somewhere.
【精析】本句考查宾语从句的翻译。根据题干可知,本句可译作一个带宾语从句的复合句I remember (that) I…;另外,要正确判断出主从句的时态,根据“见过”可知,主句应用一般现在时,从句应用现在完成时,表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响。
82.参考答案:【翻译】Jack wants to buy a car that is the same as Mary's.
【精析】本句考查定语从句和固定短语的翻译。“和玛丽的一样的”翻译成英语时可译为定语从句(that is the same as Mary's)。短语“the same as…”(和……一样)也是考查的重点。
83.参考答案:【翻译】In spite of all the difficulties,they managed to finish the task ahead of time.
【精析】本句考查固定短语的译法。“尽管困难重重”可译为由“in spite of”引导的短语,作句子的状语。另外,“提前”可译为“ahead of time”。
84.参考答案:【翻译】Yesterday I arrived at the railway station in a hurry,only to find the train had already gone.
【精析】本句考查非谓语动词作状语的译法。“发现火车已经开走了”可译作“only+不定式”结构,表示一种出乎意料或非主观愿望的结果。另外,注意本句中时态的运用。“开走”的动作发生在“赶到”之前,故“火车已经开走了”要用过去完成时,可译作“the train had already gone”。“急急忙忙”可译为“in a hurry”。
85.参考答案:【翻译】That old man would rather live in the countryside alone than live in the city with his son.
【精析】本句考查固定句型的译法。“宁愿……也不愿……”可译为“would rather…than…”。注意:would rather和than后均应用动词原形。
86.参考答案:【翻译】这个房子装修得比我们期望的还要奢华。
【精析】本句主要考查比较级的用法。…than…的意思是“比……更……”;“what was expected of it”结合语境可译为“比我们期望的……”。
87.参考答案:【翻译】他们没有意识到他们行为的后果,否则他们不会做出这样的事情。
【精析】本句考查虚拟语气的译法。根据句意并分析句子结构可知,or之前陈述了过去的事实。连词or引出了一个含蓄条件,表示对过去情况的假设,此时or可翻译为“否则”。翻译时注意一些关键词,顺译即可。
88.参考答案:【翻译】当他们到达入口处时,绅士们有礼貌地对女士说,“您先请!”
【精析】本句考查时间状语从句和直接引语的翻译。本句包含一个when引导的时间状语从句。同时翻译时应注意,直接引语“After you, please!”是“said”的前置宾语,为常用的礼貌用语,意为“您先请!”
89.参考答案:【翻译】不要忘记提醒我去图书馆还书。
【精析】本句考查祈使句和固定短语的译法。本句是一个表示否定意义的祈使句,可译为“不要……”;remind sb. of意为“提醒某人……”;return…to…意为“把……还给……”。
90.参考答案:【翻译】我明天早上没空,因为我明天要为一个朋友送行。
【精析】本句考查原因状语从句和固定短语的翻译。分析句子结构可知,本句包括一个because引导的原因状语从句,可译为“因为……”。free在本句中应译为“空闲的”;see sb. off意为“给某人送行”。
91. 参考答案:【翻译】人类比动物高级,因为人类使用语言来表达自己的思想。
【精析】B应改为to。本题考查固定搭配。inferior, superior等词本身就含有比较意义,其后一般应用介词to引出比较对象,而不用than。
92.参考答案:【翻译】正是这糟糕的天气让他们的计划泡汤了。
【精析】C应改为that。本题考查强调句型。强调句型的基本结构为It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其他,本句中被强调部分是主语the bad weather,指物,故which应改为that。
93.参考答案:【翻译】他买了很多书,没有一本他读过。
【精析】C应改为which。本题考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,逗号前是一个完整的句子,所以逗号后应为从句,将them改为which,指代前面的先行词books,构成“不定代词+of which”结构来引导非限制性定语从句。
94.参考答案:【翻译】由于上周三没有会议,他就回家看望父母了。
【精析】B应改为being。本题考查独立主格结构。逗号后面是个完整的句子,所以前面应是“There being+名词”构成的独立主格结构作状语,故was应改为being。
95.参考答案: 【翻译】如果仔细操作,这些实验会成功的。
【精析】B应改为done。本题考查非谓语动词。本句包含一个If引导的条件状语从句,因为主句和从句主语相同,所以从句中省略了主语the experiments和系动词。又因为the experiments和动词do之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,所以此处应用过去分词形式done。
96.参考答案:【翻译】这本书如此有趣,以至于我儿子和女儿都爱不释手。
【精析】A应改为so。本题主要考查so和such的用法区别。so是副词,只能修饰形容词或副词,而such是形容词,修饰的是名词或名词词组。本句修饰的是形容词interesting,故此处只能用so,而不能用such。
97.参考答案: 【翻译】直到她到了教室她才发现她忘记带书了。
【精析】C应改为did she find。本题考查倒装句。当not until引导状语从句位于句首时,主句应部分倒装,所以此处主句中的she found应改为did she find。
98.参考答案:【翻译】这么快去适应自己将定居的地方的气候,汤姆发现这简直不可思议。
【精析】A应改为it。本题考查固定句型。在“find it+ adj.+to do sth.”句型中,it为形式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的动词不定式,意为“发现做……是……样的”。
99.参考答案:【翻译】在西方国家,青少年们接受了更多的毒品教育,但吸毒仍在暗地里进行。
【精析】B应改为are exposed。本题考查动词语态。根据句意可知,本句主语teenagers与谓语动词expose(使接触)之间应为逻辑上的动宾关系,故此处应用被动形式are exposed。
100.参考答案:【翻译】他无话可说,只好做被告诉的事情。
【精析】C应改为to do。本题考查非谓语动词。在“have nothing to do but to do”句型中,若but前的不定式中的动词不是实义动词do,则不定式加to。但如果but前不定式中有实义动词do,则后面的不定式要省略to,如:I have nothing to do but wait. 除了等待我无事可做。
101.参考答案:
Movement of Population
  Nowadays, with the development of modern society, there has been an increasingly significant movement of population. This phenomenon has aroused considerable concerns in the whole society.
    Just as a coin has two sides,the movement of population is no exception. It has brought about many benefits. First and foremost, there is no denying that limited farmland can no longer produce enough crops for an ever-increasing rural population. In addition, it is obvious that there are far more opportunities in big cities—rural laborers can find various jobs to earn money. However, it also causes some problems. For one thing, it increases traffic pressure. For another, it does great harm to the environment.
    On the basis of the above analysis I mention above, we can confidently predict the future tendency. There is no denying that if city people and rural laborers have devoted themselves to building a healthy city, we will have a promising future.

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