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2017年河南专升本公共英语真题及答案

摘要:每年的河南专升本考试试题(简称:专升本试题)在大家升本过程中的重要程度不言而喻,即使在专升本备基础备考阶段也要以历年专升本试题为根本,下面是天任专升本小编整理发布2017年河南省专升本英语试题及答案解析供考生参考,预祝大家考个好成绩!

2017年河南省普通高等学校
选拔优秀专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试
公共英语

一、单选题(每小题1分,共40分)
1. In order to search for the escaped prisoner, the police decide to question      comes along this road.
 A、who
 B、whom
 C、whoever
 D、whomever
2. Albert Einstein often stressed to interviewers that his accomplishments would certainly have been achieved by others,       lived.
 A、he had never
 B、never had he
 C、never he had
 D、had he never
3. Some companies have introduced flexible working time with less emphasis on pressure      .
 A、and more on efficiency
 B、and more efficiency
 C、than efficiency
 D、than more on efficiency
4. They are going to have the serviceman pressure      an air-conditioner in the office next week.
 A、install
 B、to install
 C、to be installed
 D、installed
5. More and more people begin to realize that it is about time the government    further measures to control pollution.
 A、must take
 B、is taking
 C、takes
 D、took
6. While crossing the mountain areas, all the men had guns for protection lest they      by the local bandits.
 A、be attacked
 B、were attacked
 C、must be attacked
 D、would be attacked
7. The manager promised to keep me    of how our business was going on.
 A、to be informed
 B、on informing
 C、informed
 D、informing
8.    mirror the ideas and opinions of women in the United States in the later part of the 1800s.
 A、Whether the novels of Mary Jane Homes
 B、The novels by Mary Jane Homes
 C、Mary Jane Homes wrote novels
 D、Why Mary Jane Homes wrote novels
9.    my father wants to do after he retires is to write a book.
 A、Which
 B、That
 C、What
 D、Those
10. The speed    light travels is said to be the maximum in the universe.
 A、by which
 B、from which
 C、in which
 D、at which
11. Steven    my letter; otherwise he would have replied before now.
 A、has received
 B、should have received
 C、couldn't have received
 D、ought to have received
12. Your hair wants    . You'd better have it done tomorrow.
 A、to cut
 B、cutting
 C、cut
 D、being cut
13. Tom can't speak Chinese, but Peter    .
 A、do
 B、does
 C、did
 D、done
14. All those are matters    attention.
 A、is worthy
 B、worthy
 C、worthy of
 D、which is worthy of
15. But for your help, I     .
 A、can have failed again
 B、may have failed again
 C、will have failed again
 D、would have failed again
16. Mr. Grant    in Hangzhou since 2006. He loves this city.
 A、has been living
 B、lived
 C、will be living
 D、will have been living
17. They were in    when they left that they forgot the airline tickets.
 A、a rush so anxious
 B、a such anxious rush
 C、such an anxious rush
 D、so an anxious rush
18. Under no circumstances    our car.
 A、they are borrow
 B、are they to borrow
 C、they will borrow
 D、could they be borrowing
19. You're going to the United States next year. You should now practice    English as much as possible.
 A、speak
 B、to speak
 C、speaking
 D、spoke
20. All flights    because of the snowstorm, we decided to take the train.
 A、were canceled
 B、had been canceled
 C、having canceled
 D、having been canceled
21. Only one little boy    the accident; everyone else was killed.
 A、survived
 B、submitted
 C、suffered
 D、succeeded
22. I don't know whether what he said is true, but I'll try to    it.
 A、confine
 B、confess
 C、conform
 D、confirm
23. My camera can be    to take pictures in cloudy or sunny conditions.
 A、treated
 B、adjusted
 C、adopted
 D、remedied
24. Children who are over protected by their parents may become    .
 A、hurt
 B、damaged
 C、spoiled
 D、harmed
25. I think the whole paper has to be rewritten; only the first few paragraphs may be     .
 A、sustained
 B、contained
 C、retained
 D、maintained
26. The boat    , throwing the boys into the water.
 A、turned on
 B、turned down
 C、turned off
 D、turned over
27. The teacher asked a difficult question, but finally Peter    a good answer.
 A、came up to
 B、came up for
 C、came up with
 D、came up against
28. Mr. Wang is getting too old for football. He decides to     tennis instead.
 A、take in
 B、take up
 C、take for
 D、take over
29. Not long ago, a person who I know very well was    an accident.
 A、related to
 B、included in
 C、involved in
 D、subjected to
30. It is our    policy that we will achieve unity through peaceful means.
 A、consistent
 B、considerate
 C、continual
 D、continuous
31. Many people complain of the rapid    of modern life.
 A、rate
 B、pace
 C、speed
 D、growth
32. We discussed this problem for several days, but couldn't come to a(n)   .
 A、result
 B、end
 C、conclusion
 D、judgment
33. I am    every day by the slow bus service in this city.
 A、annoyed
 B、confused
 C、horrified
 D、irritated
34. No one likes him because his action doesn't     his words.
 A、correspond with
 B、agree on
 C、communicate with
 D、consist of
35. His knowledge of English literature is    mine.
 A、superior than
 B、superior to
 C、superior more than
 D、superior better to
36. He rarely goes to the cinema as his work    almost all his time.
 A、takes away
 B、takes over
 C、takes up
 D、takes in
37. The World-Cup football match will be televised    to the world.
 A、alive
 B、living
 C、live
 D、lively
38. The restaurant is busy on Sundays, so I'll phone up today and      a table.
 A、preserve
 B、reserve
 C、observe
 D、deserve
39. Never waste anything, but     never waste time.
 A、after all
 B、all in all
 C、above all
 D、all over
40. Generally speaking, a business letter should be written in formal style    in a personal one.
 A、rather than
 B、other than
 C、less than
 D、more than
二、完形填空(每小题1分,共40分)
Americans suffer from an overdose of work. Regardless   41   who they are or what they do, Americans spend   42   time at work than at any time since World War Ⅱ.
In 1950, the US had fewer working hours   43   any industrialized country. Today, it exceeds every country   44   Japan, where industrial employees load 2,155 hours a year compared   45  1,951 in the US and 1,603 in the  46   West Germany.
Between 1969 and 1989, employed Americans   47   an average of 138 hours to their yearly work schedules. The workweek   48   above 40 hours, but people are working more weeks each year.   49  , paid time off holidays, vacations, sick leave shrank   50   15 percent in the 1990s.
As corporations have   51   stiffer competition and slower growth in productivity, they have pressed employees to work longer. Cost-cutting lay-offs in the 1990s   52   the professional and managerial runs,  53   fewer people to get the job done. In lower-paid occupations,  54   wages have been reduced, workers have added hours   55   overtime or extra jobs to   56   their living standard. The government estimates that more than seven million people hold a second job.
For the first time, large   57   of people say they want to cut   58   on working hours, even if it means earning less money.   59   most employers are unwilling to let them do so. The government, which has stepped back from its traditional   60   as a regulator of work time, should take steps to make shorter hours possible.
41. A、of    B、with    C、for    D、by
42. A、less    B、same    C、more    D、much
43. A、to    B、like    C、than    D、among
44. A、and    B、but    C、as    D、or
45. A、for    B、with    C、in    D、at
46. A、past    B、late    C、earlier    D、former
47.A、added    B、increased    C、brought    D、totaled
48. A、stood    B、stopped    C、remained    D、set
49. A、However    B、Nevertheless    C、Therefore    D、Moreover
50. A、by    B、at    C、with    D、below
51. A、suffered    B、experienced    C、undertaken    D、endured
52. A、shortened    B、reduced    C、lessened    D、relieved
53. A、leaving    B、left    C、leave    D、to leave
54. A、which    B、where    C、while    D、though
55. A、by    B、for    C、to    D、in
56. A、preserve    B、conserve    C、improve    D、protect
57. A、numbers    B、amounts    C、figures    D、quantity
58. A、off     B、out    C、in    D、back
59. A、For    B、And    C、But    D、Furthermore
60. A、rule    B、function    C、task    D、role
三、阅读理解(每小题2分,共40分)
Passage One
 The White House is the most visited residence in the world. Tours may be scheduled through our Washington DC office. Due to security and scheduling procedures, there are a few things you should know before requesting a tour:
·Only groups of 10 or more may request a tour.
·Requests must be submitted with a minimum of one month's advance notice from the date of the tour. Notice of whether your application is accepted will be given 10 days prior to the date requested. All tours, even after they have been confirmed, are subject to cancellation due to security interests.
·Tours are only conducted Tuesday through Saturday from 7:30 am to 11:30 am.
To process your request for a tour, please contact our Washington office at (202)224-5521 and provide the following information:
·Date(s) requesting.
·Security information for each person in your party, including: name as it appears on ID(ID required for ages 14 and up), date of birth, social security number, country of origin, and citizenship.
·A home address and daytime and evening phone numbers for the designated(指派的) leader of the group.
·A contact number while in DC for the designated leader of the group.
After your request is confirmed or denied, our office will contact you with further instructions. 
61. This notice is to provide information about        .
 A、scheduling of Washington DC tours
 B、the security system of the White House
 C、application for a tour of the White House
 D、duties of a tour group leader
62. The White House is open to the public        .
 A、on weekdays only
 B、five days a week
 C、every other day
 D、on weekends only
63. Application for a group tour of the White House must be submitted        .
 A、exactly on the date of application
 B、at least 30 days in advance
 C、any day between Tuesday and Saturday
 D、10 days before the date of the tour
64. After your tour request has been confirmed,        .
 A、it is still possible that your tour may be cancelled
 B、you are still allowed to change your visiting date
 C、you can surely visit the White House that day
 D、it is necessary for you to start your tour immediately
65. It can be inferred from the passage that        .
 A、teenagers under 14 are not allowed to visit the White House
 B、foreigners are less likely to be permitted to tour the White House
 C、separate tours can also be scheduled for individual visitors
 D、security is the chief concern in scheduling White House tours
Passage Two
Terms and Conditions of Employment
These terms and conditions should be read before you sign your contract.
Salary: Your starting salary is $15,000. This is reviewed annually.
Hours: The normal hours of work are eight hours a day, Monday through Friday. You will start work on Feb. 21, 2008. On the first morning, report to your line manager John Knight.
Health and safety: Please read the safety regulations attached. If you have any questions, contact the health and safety officer, whose name is at the top of the regulation sheet. If you have health problems, please inform the Senior Nurse, Chris Thomas. If you cannot work because of illness, please telephone the factory.
Annual leave: During your first year of employment you are allowed twenty days' leave. This should be arranged with your line manager.
Overtime(加班): If you work more than forty hours a week, you will be paid at the current overtime rate. Your line manager will keep a record of the overtime you work. If you work on public holidays, you will be paid at the current rates. If you prefer, time can be taken instead of extra pay for public holidays and overtime.
Clothing: The Supplies Department provides overalls(工作服). Inform Supplies of your size two days before you need them. You can also order any other equipment you need for your job from Supplies.
66. According to the contract, the salary of the employee        .
 A、is paid weekly
 B、is adjusted every quarter
 C、is re-examined from year to year
 D、is fixed for the whole contract period
67. If employees have any health problem, they should        .
 A、telephone the factory
 B、inform the Senior Nurse
 C、report to their line manager
 D、contact the health and safety officer
68. The line manager is responsible for        .
 A、giving a pay raise
 B、signing a contract
 C、arranging annual leave
 D、helping with personal affairs
69. If employees work on public holidays, usually they will get       .
 A、extra days off
 B、extra money
 C、a pay raise
 D、paid holidays
70. When they need overalls for their job, employees should inform the Supplies Department of        .
 A、the size
 B、the color
 C、the style
 D、the quantity
Passage Three
Are you worried by the rising crime rate? If you are, then you probably know that your house, possessions and person are increasingly in danger of suffering from the tremendous rise in the cases of burglary and assault(攻击).
Figures indicate an ever-increasing crime rate, but it is only too easy to imagine “It will never happen to me.” Unfortunately, statistics show that it really can happen to you and, if you live in a large city, you run twice the risk of being a victim.
Fortunately, there is something definite which you can do. Protect Alarms can help to protect your house with a burglar alarm system which is effective, simple to operate and easily affordable.
You must remember that possessing a burglar alarm is no indication that your house is packed with valuable possessions. It quite simply indicates to unwelcome visitors that yours is one house they will not break into easily, so they carry on to an unprotected house where their job is made a lot easier.
Send now for our free leaflet telling you how we can Protect Alarm your house quickly, easily and cheaply. Complete and tear off the slip below and post it to us. Postage is free. Alternatively, telephone us at 3276721 where we have a round-the-clock answering service. It costs nothing to find out about Protect Alarms.
71. Anyone who takes an interest in the crime rate will, according to the text, be aware that        .
 A、more burglars are being caught than ever before
 B、people have more possessions to worry about nowadays
 C、burglars are more at risk than they used to be
 D、homes are more likely to be broken into than before
72. It seems that people who live in cities are        .
 A、more likely to fall victim to burglary than those living in the country
 B、of the opinion that statistics on robbery is wrong
 C、twice as well-off as people living in the country
 D、convinced that burglars only rob unprotected houses
73. The writer of this text wants to give the impression that the Protect Alarm system is        .
 A、elementary
 B、expensive
 C、experimental
 D、economical
74. The article claims that possessing an alarm system will        .
 A、show burglars that you have nothing worth stealing
 B、warn burglars not to break into your house
 C、make the burglars' undertaking more complicated
 D、persuade burglars to try coming another time
75. The purpose of the article is        .
 A、to warn people against the danger of the rising crime rate
 B、to help people to protect their house
 C、to persuade people to buy something
 D、to discourage the burglars
Passage Four
College is a new and different experience for me. I'm away from home, so I have many things to adjust to, such as being on my own and meeting many different types of people. There are a lot of things that I like about college that I would like to describe for you.
First of all, living at college gives me a sense of responsibility and of being on my own. My parents aren't around to say, “No, you're not going out tonight.” or “Did you finish your homework?” Everything I do has to be my decision, and that makes me responsible for my own life. During the second week I was at college, I had to go out and look for a bank where I could open an account. And when I got to the bank, I had to decide whether to have a checking or savings account and whether or not to get a credit card. Decisions! Decisions!
Friendly people is another thing I like about college. On the first day I came to Marymount University here in Virginia from New York, I was a bit confused about where I was going. My mother and I drove in. We did not know the building we were supposed to go to, but the guard was very nice. With a smile, he told us what building we were looking for and where we could park our car. My room was on the first floor of New Gerard, and I knew I had to go through some glass doors, but my mother and I didn't know which ones. Some students saw me and asked, “Are you a new student?” When they found out I was looking for New Gerard, one said, “Oh, just follow us; that's where we're going.” Even now I feel comfortable in the dorm(学生宿舍) because there are friendly people around to talk with.
I do like a lot of things about college, but that doesn't mean I don't think about things at home. Although I like college, I can still get homesick. New York is a very good place, too! And sometimes I miss it!
76. The text is perhaps written by          .
 A、a new student
 B、a new teacher
 C、a foreign reporter
 D、a foreign visitor
77. What does “gives me a sense of responsibility” in the first sentence of Paragraph 2 mean? It means it makes me feel         .
 A、responsible for my parents
 B、responsible for my teacher
 C、responsible for the school
 D、responsible for myself
78. One thing that he liked was        .
 A、the comfortable dorm
 B、finding his way around
 C、his studies as a first year student
 D、the friendly people
79. What is New Gerard?
 A、It's a student's name.
 B、It's a teacher's name.
 C、It's a dorm's name.
 D、It's a school's name.
80. Which of the following is NOT true?
 A、People in Marymount University are friendly.
 B、The writer likes the new experience in the university.
 C、The writer drove to Marymount University with his mother.
 D、The writer is not homesick. 
四、翻译题(每小题2分,共40分)
81. 众所周知,肺癌至少部分地是由于吸烟过多而引起的。
82. 要是我们接受他的忠告的话,我们本来是可以避免犯这样的错误的。
83. 他毕业后接替他父亲当了公司的总裁。结果证明他比他父亲更成功。
84. 他会说点汉语,因此能很容易地适应北京的生活。
85. 据报道,暴风雨极有可能在未来的24小时内到达本市。
86. We have received your letter and would be grateful if you would tell us in detail the way of cooperation. 
87. As far as Advertising and Sales Manager is concerned, excellent oral English is also a necessary requirement. 
88. Everything taken into consideration, the plan put up by our manager seems to be more workable. 
89. When it comes to successful overseas investments that can yield high profits, the key is which country you should put your capital in.
90. Thus, if we want to learn to communicate well in a foreign language, we must understand the culture that gives that language meaning. 
五、改错题(每小题1分,共10分)
91. It would savehim muchtrouble if he hasknown her telephone number.
            A       B               C                      D
92. A matureman is onewho is good atturning failure into succeed.
       A         B           C                      D
93. Whichreally mattersis not what you saidbutwhat you did.
     A          B                 C   D
94. Nowherein the world you canfind a man whois morefoolish than John.
      A                  B              C     D
95. Whoeverleavesthe classroom lastshould turn upthe lights.
      A     B                C           D
96. Consideringthat she is a merechild,it is notsafe to let her go lonely.
       A                  B           C                  D
97. They believe businessesin other countries isnot as competitiveas thosein America.
                  A                    B           C         D
98. It is highlydesirable thata new president is appointedforthis college.
        A            B                     C      D
99. Haveno money but not wantinganyone to know,he simplysaid he would go without
     A                  B                         C                     D
dinner.
100. My wife said in herletter that she would appreciateto hearfromyou sometimes.
                  A                        B      C    D
六、写作题(共20分)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a composition on the topic Is Frustration a Bad Thing? You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below.
1. 有些人认为挫折是坏事。
2. 更多的人并不认为挫折是坏事。
3. 我的看法。

 
2017年河南省专升本公共英语真题答案
1.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】为了搜捕逃跑的犯人,警察决定审问所有路过的人。
[考点]宾语从句
【精析】C 本题考查动词question(审问,询问)之后接宾语从句时引导词的选择。分析句子结构可知,空处引导的是宾语从句,从句中缺少主语,故排除B、D项。根据句意可知,应用whoever,意为“无论谁,任何人”,相当于anyone who。故选C。
2.参考答案:D
参考解析:
【翻译】阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦经常对采访者强调说,如果没有他,别的人也会取得那些成就的。[考点]虚拟语气和倒装句
【精析】D 本题考查虚拟语气在省略if的条件句中的用法。根据句意和句中的would have been achieved可知,本句是对过去情况的虚拟,所以if从句应用过去完成时。如果从句含有had, were, should时,可以把had, were, should提至主语之前,并省略if。故选D。
3.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】一些公司已经引进较少强调工作压力而更多地强调工作效率的弹性工作制。
[考点]比较级
【精析】A 根据句意并结合选项可知,此处意为“更多地强调工作效率”,and 连接前后两个比较级,more后面省略emphasis。故选A。
4.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】他们打算让那个维修人员下周在办公室里安装一台空调。
[考点]固定用法
【精析】A have sb. do sth.为固定用法,意为“让某人做某事”。
5.参考答案:D
参考解析:
【翻译】越来越多的人开始意识到政府应该采取进一步措施控制污染了。
[考点]虚拟语气
【精析】D在“It is (high/about) time (that)…”句型中后面的从句要用虚拟语气,谓语动词多用过去式,也可用“should+动词原形”的形式,should不可省略。故选D。
6.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】当穿过山区时,所有的男士都用枪来保护自己,以防被当地的强盗袭击。
[考点]虚拟语气
【精析】A lest(免得,唯恐)引导的目的状语从句要用虚拟语气,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”的形式,should有时可以省略。另外,they和attack之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,所以应用被动语态。故选A。
7.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】经理承诺会通知我业务的进展情况。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】C keep sb. informed of sth.为固定用法,意为“通知某人某事,让某人了解某事”。me和inform之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,所以用过去分词informed。故选C。
8.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】玛丽·简·霍梅斯的小说折射出了19世纪后期美国女性的观点和思想。
 [考点]基本句型
【精析】B分析句子结构可知,空处在句中作主语,选项A、C、D在结构和意义上均不符合题意。故选B。
9.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】我父亲退休后想做的事是写一本书。
[考点]主语从句
【精析】C分析句子结构可知,空处引导的是主语从句。主语从句中缺少宾语,所以应用what引导,what在从句中作do的宾语。which表示哪一个,与句意不符;that引导主语从句时,只起连接作用,无词义;those不能引导从句。故选C。
10.参考答案:D
参考解析:
【翻译】据说光传播的速度是宇宙中最快的。
[考点]定语从句
【精析】D本题考查“介词+which”引导的定语从句。分析句子结构可知,speed和is之间是定语从句,从句中缺少状语,应用“介词+which”引导从句。“以……的速度”可用at the speed of表达,所以应用介词at。故选D。
11.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】史蒂芬一定没有收到我的信,不然的话,他在此之前一定会回信给我的。
[考点]情态动词
【精析】C 本题考查情态动词表推测的用法。根据句意可知,本句是对过去发生事情的否定推测,所以应用couldn't have done,意为“一定没有做过某事”。故选C。
12.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】你的头发需要剪了,最好明天就把它剪了。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】B want后面跟动名词作宾语时,用主动形式表被动意义。故选B。
13.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】汤姆不会讲汉语,但是彼得能讲汉语。
[考点]动词时态
【精析】B 情态动词can't表示对现在能力的否定,所以后面的分句也要用一般现在时。主语Peter为第三人称单数,因此助动词应用does。故选B。
14.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】所有这些都是值得注意的问题。
[考点]词语搭配
【精析】Cbe worthy of 为固定搭配,意为“值得……”,由此排除A、B两项。D项为定语从句,从句中的be动词应与先行词matters保持一致,应用are,故排除D项。C项“worthy of attention”作后置定语,修饰matters。故选C。
15.参考答案:D
参考解析:
【翻译】要不是你的帮助,我就再次失败了。
[考点]虚拟语气
【精析】D本题考查虚拟语气在含蓄条件句中的用法。根据句意可知,本句是对过去情况的虚拟,谓语动词要用“would/should/could/might have+过去分词”的形式。故选D。
16.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】格兰特先生自从2006年就住在杭州。他喜欢这座城市。
[考点]动词时态
【精析】A由句中的时间状语since 2006可知,本句应用现在完成进行时,表示动作从过去一直持续到现在,并有可能继续下去。故选A。 
17.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】他们离开的时候如此匆忙以至于忘记了带飞机票。
[考点]固定用法
【精析】C“so…that”与“such…that”都可引导结果状语从句,意为“如此……以至于”。so是副词,修饰形容词或副词,such是形容词,修饰名词或代词。此处的中心词是名词rush,所以应用“such+a/an+adj.+n.”的形式。故选C。
18.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】他们绝对不会借我们的车子。
[考点]倒装句和动词时态
【精析】Bunder no circumstances意为“决不”,当表示否定意义的介词短语置于句首时要用部分倒装语序,故排除选项A、C。根据句意可知,应该用一般将来时,be to do可以表示将来。故选B。
19.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】你明年打算去美国。你现在应该尽可能多地练习说英语。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】C practice后应跟动名词形式作宾语。故选C。
20.参考答案:D
参考解析:
【翻译】由于暴风雪,所有的航班都被取消了,所以我们决定乘坐火车。
[考点]非谓语动词
【精析】D 逗号后的句子结构完整,所以逗号前应是独立主格结构,空处应用非谓语动词的某种形式。cancel和flights之间是动宾关系,故要用被动语态。而且“航班取消”发生在“决定乘火车”之前,所以空处应用现在分词的完成被动式having been canceled。故选D。
21.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】只有一个小男孩在这场事故中幸存下来了,其他所有人都遇难了。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Asurvive:幸存于;submit:提交,服从;suffer:遭受;succeed:成功。根据句意可知,选A。
22.参考答案:D
参考解析:
【翻译】我不知道他所说的话是不是真的,但是我会尽力去确认。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Dconfine:限制,禁闭;confess:坦白;conform:符合,遵照;confirm:确认,证实。根据句意可知,选D。
23.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】我的相机经过调试,在阴天或者晴天的条件下都可以拍照。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Btreat:对待,治疗;adjust:调整,校准,调试;adopt:收养,采纳;remedy:补救,赔偿。根据句意可知,选B。
24.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】被父母过度保护的孩子可能会被宠坏。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Churt:伤害(侧重对人情感、心理和身体部位的伤害);damage:破坏(可修复);spoil:溺爱,宠坏,糟蹋;harm:损害(侧重指对名誉、事业、健康、身心的损害)。根据句意可知,选C。
25.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】我认为整篇论文都必须要重写,只有开头几段可以保留。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Csustain:支撑,维持;contain:包含;retain:保留;maintain:保持,维修,主张。根据句意可知,选C。
26.参考答案:D
参考解析:
【翻译】船翻了,这些男孩都掉进了水里。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Dturn on:打开(电源、水源等);turn down:调小(音量);turn off:关闭,关上;turn over:翻转。 根据句意可知,选D。
27.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】老师问了一个很难的问题,但是最后彼得给出了一个好的答案。
[考点]词语搭配
【精析】Ccome up with为固定搭配,意为“提出,想出”。
28.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】王先生年龄太大了,没办法踢足球。他决定改打网球。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Btake in:接受,理解,欺骗;take up:开始从事(一项事业、一种职业),学习(某种知识、技能等);take sth. for sth.:把……错当作……;take over:接收,接管。根据句意可知,选B。
29.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】不久前,跟我很熟的一个朋友卷入了一场事故中。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Cbe related to:与……有关;be included in:包含于……中;be involved in:被卷入……中;be subjected to:经受,遭受。根据句意可知,选C。
30.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】通过和平的方式实现统一是我们一贯的政策。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Aconsistent:一贯的,始终如一的;considerate:体贴的,周到的;continual:连续的(中间有间断);continuous:连续不断的(中间无间断)。根据句意可知,选A。
31.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】许多人抱怨现代生活节奏太快。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Brate:(变化)速率,速度;pace:节奏,步速;speed:速度;growth:增加,增长,发展。根据句意可知,选B。
32.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】这个问题我们讨论了许多天,但是没有得出结论。
[考点]词语搭配
【精析】Ccome to a conclusion为固定搭配,意为“得出结论”;result常用搭配为as a result,意为“因此”;end常用搭配为in the end,意为“最后”;judgment:判断,评价。根据句意可知,选C。
33.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】城市里缓慢的公共汽车服务每天都让我很烦。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】A annoyed:生气的,厌烦的;confused:困惑的;horrified:惊骇的;irritated:愤怒的,急躁的。根据句意可知,选A。
34.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】没有人喜欢他,因为他言行不一。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Acorrespond with:和……相符;agree on:就……达成一致意见;communicate with:和……交流、沟通;consist of:包含,包括。根据句意可知,选A。
35.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】他掌握的英国文学的知识比我的要多。
[考点]固定用法
【精析】B superior 意为“更好的,优于……”,本身已经有比较的含义,没有比较级,也不能和than连用,常用to引出比较对象。故选B。
36.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】他几乎没去看过电影,因为工作几乎占去了他所有的时间。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】C take away:拿走,带走;take over:接管,接收;take up:占用(时间、空间等),开始从事;take in:吸收,欺骗。根据句意可知,选C。
37.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】世界杯足球赛将会对全世界现场直播。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Calive:活着的,活泼的;living:活的,现存的;lively:活泼的,充满活力的。四个词中只有live 可以作副词,意为“现场直播地”。故选C。
38.参考答案:B
参考解析:
【翻译】这家餐厅每周日人都很多,所以我今天会打电话预订一个位置。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】B preserve:保存,保留;reserve:预留,预订;observe:观察;deserve:值得,应受。根据句意可知,选B。
39.参考答案:C
参考解析:
【翻译】绝不要浪费任何东西,最重要的是绝不要浪费时间。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Cafter all:毕竟;all in all:总的来说,总之;above all:尤其,最重要的是;all over:到处,遍及。根据句意可知,选C。
40.参考答案:A
参考解析:
【翻译】一般而言,商务信函应该用正式文体而不是像私人信件那样书写。
[考点]词义辨析
【精析】Arather than:而不是;other than:除了;less than:少于;more than:多于。根据句意可知,选A。
41.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】Aregardless of为固定搭配,意为“不管”。
42.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]语法结构题
【精析】C根据上下文可知,此处表达的是“二战以来,美国人花在工作上的时间比以往任何时候都多”。句中有than,因此选择more,构成more…than…比较级结构。
43.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]语法结构题
【精析】C本句中出现了比较级fewer,因此应选than 引出比较对象。
44.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]逻辑推理题
【精析】B句意:现如今,美国的工作时间超过了除了日本之外的所有国家。根据下文中的“Japan, where industrial employees load 2,155 hours…1,951 in the US…”可知,日本的工作时间比美国长,所以选but。but在这里的意思是“除了”。其他三项均不符合语境。
45.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】Bcompare…with:将……与……相比,为固定搭配,这里为过去分词短语作后置定语。
46.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Dformer:上一个的,前者的,former West Germany意为“前西德”,符合题意;past:过去的;late:晚的;earlier:更早的。
47.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Aadd:增加,add…to…意为“把……加在……”;increase:增加,increase…to…意为“增加到……”;bring:带来;total:合计。根据句意可知,选A。
48.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】C本句意为:每周的标准工作时间仍然是四十多个小时,但是人们每年实际工作的周数更多了。remain:依然,符合语境。stand:站立;stop:停止;set:设置,创造。
49.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]逻辑推理题
【精析】D根据上下文可知,本段的第一句为段落主旨句,1969年至1989年,美国雇佣人员每年的工作时间平均增加了138个小时。每周正常工作时间仍然是四十多个小时,但人们会增加每年的工作周数。此外,带薪假期、病假的减少也使得每年的工作总时长增加。由此可知,应选Moreover(而且,此外)。
50.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】Ashrink by为固定搭配,表示“缩短了……”,这里指“假期缩短了15%”。
51.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Bsuffer:遭受,忍受;experience:经历,体验;undertake:承担,从事;endure:忍耐,容忍。句意:由于企业经历了更加激烈的竞争和增长更加缓慢的生产力,所以他们迫使工人延长工作时间。根据句意可知,选B。
52.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Bshorten:缩短;reduce:(数量、尺寸、价格等)减少;lessen:变少;relieve:解除,减轻。句意:削减成本的裁员减少了工作和管理层的员工人数。根据句意可知,选B。
53.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]语法结构题
【精析】A分析句子结构可知,空处应用现在分词形式作结果状语。过去分词表被动,不符合语境;不定式一般作目的状语;C项不是非谓语动词,不符合语法结构。故选A。
54.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]语法结构题
【精析】B句意:在低薪阶层,薪水减少,工人们会延长工作时间,或做额外的工作来维持他们的生活水平。where在这里引导非限制性定语从句修饰occupations,相当于in which,在从句中作地点状语。
55.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】D本句意为:工人在超时或额外的工作中工作更长时间。job常与介词in搭配使用,所以选D。
56.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】Apreserve:维持,保持;conserve:保存,保藏;improve:提高,改善;protect:保护。根据第54题解析可知,选A。
57.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】Alarge numbers of:许多,大量,为固定搭配,其后接可数名词复数。
58.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]词语搭配题
【精析】Dcut back on:削减,为固定搭配。
59.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]逻辑推理题
【精析】C根据上下文,员工想要减少工作时间,但是老板并不想让他们这样做。由此可知,应选But,表示转折。
60.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]词义辨析题
【精析】D句意:政府已经退出作为工作时间管理者的传统角色。rule:统治,规则;function:功能;task:任务;role:角色,符合语境。故选D。
61.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]主旨大意题
【精析】C题干大意是:这个通知提供的信息是关于。根据第一段最后一句和下文内容可知,这个通知是关于怎样申请参观白宫的。故选C。
62.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】B题干大意是:白宫对公众开放(的时间为)。根据第四段“Tours are only conducted Tuesday through Saturday from 7:30 am to 11:30 am.”可知,白宫的开放时间为周二至周六,一周内共开放五天。故选B。
63.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】B题干大意是:集体参观白宫的申请必须被提交。根据第三段第一句“Requests must be submitted with a minimum of one month's advance notice from the date of the tour.”可知,申请必须在参观日期的至少前一个月提交。故选B。
64.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】A题干大意是:在你的参观申请被确认之后,。根据第三段第三句“All tours, even after they have been confirmed, are subject to cancellation due to security interests.”可知,如果涉及安全问题,即便是已经确认过的参观也有可能被取消。故选A。
65.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]推理判断题
【精析】D题干大意是:从这篇文章中能推断出。文中多次提到security,而且第三段也提到由于安全问题,确认过的参观也有可能会被取消,由此可见在安排参观白宫事项中安全的重要性。其他三项无法从文中推断出来。故选D。
66.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】C题干大意是:按照合同,员工的薪水。 根据第二段第二句“This is reviewed annually.”可知,员工的薪水每年会有审查。故选C。
67.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】B题干大意是:如果员工有任何的健康问题,他们应该。根据第四段第三句“If you have health problems, please inform the Senior Nurse, Chris Thomas.”可知,如果员工有健康问题,应该告知Senior Nurse。故选B。
68.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】C题干大意是:直属主管负责。根据第五段“During your first year of employment you are allowed twenty days' leave. This should be arranged with your line manager.”可知,工作第一年,你会有二十天年假,而这由直属主管安排。故选C。
69.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】B题干大意是:如果员工在法定节假日工作,通常他们会得到。根据第六段第三句“If you work on public holidays, you will be paid at the current rates.”可知,如果你在法定节假日工作,你会得到额外的加班费。故选B。
70.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】A题干大意是:当员工需要工作服时,他们应该告知物资供应部门。根据第七段第二句“Inform Supplies of your size two days before you need them.”可知,需要工作服时,应提前两天告知物资供应部门你的尺寸。故选A。
71.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]推理判断题
【精析】D题干大意是:根据文章,任何对犯罪率感兴趣的人将会意识到。根据第一段第二句“If you are, then you probably know that your house, possessions and person are increasingly in danger of suffering from the tremendous rise in the cases of burglary and assault.”可知,随着犯罪率不断上升,你的房屋、财产和人身面临着与日俱增的危险。由此可推知,现在的房屋更可能遭受入室盗窃。故选D。
72.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]推理判断题
【精析】A题干大意是:似乎住在城市的人们。根据第二段第二句“…if you live in a large city, you run twice the risk of being a victim.”可知,如果你住在大城市,你成为受害者的可能性要大一倍。由此可推知,住在城市的人们比住在农村的人更容易成为入室盗窃的受害者。故选A。
73.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]推理判断题
【精析】D题干大意是:本文作者想要给人留下一种防窃警报系统是的印象。根据第三段第二句“…which is effective, simple to operate and easily affordable.”可知,这种系统非常实用,操作简单,而且能负担得起。与“economical(经济的,实惠的)”意思最贴近。elementary:初级的,基础的;expensive:昂贵的;experimental:实验性的,均不符合题意。故选D。
74.参考答案:B
参考解析:
[考点]推理判断题
【精析】B题干大意是:文章声称拥有一个警报系统将会。根据第四段第二句“It quite simply indicates to unwelcome visitors that yours is one house they will not break into easily…”可推知,警报系统能够提醒那些不速之客(入室盗窃者),要入侵你的房子并非易事,警告他人不要破门而入。故选B。 
75.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]主旨大意题
【精析】C题干大意是:文章的目的是。 本文通篇都在强调装一个防盗警报系统的好处,意在劝服人们购买。故选C。
76.参考答案:A
参考解析:
[考点]推理判断题
【精析】A题干大意是:这篇文章可能是由写的。通读全文可知,本文通篇都是对大学新生活的描述。由此可推知,这篇文章的作者可能是个大学新生。故选A。
77.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]词语理解题
【精析】D题干大意是:第二段第一句中的“给我一种责任感”是什么意思?意思是说它使我感到。根据第二段第二句“My parents aren't around to say, ‘No, you're not going out tonight.' or ‘Did you finish your homework?'”和第三句“Everything I do has to be my decision, and that makes me responsible for my own life.”可推知,gives me a sense of responsibility是指“使我感到要为自己负责”。故选D。
78.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】D题干大意是:作者喜欢的一件事情是。根据第二段可知,作者首先喜欢的是“居住在大学”,根据第三段第一句“Friendly people is another thing I like about college.”可知,友好的人们是作者喜欢大学生活的另一件事情,所以应选D。A项属于干扰项,根据第三段最后一句“Even now I feel comfortable in the dorm because there are friendly people around to talk with.”可知,作者喜欢的还是友好的人们,而不是舒适的宿舍。
79.参考答案:C
参考解析:
[考点]推理判断题
【精析】C题干大意是:New Gerard是什么?根据第三段第六句“My room was on the first floor of New Gerard…”可推知,New Gerard是一幢宿舍楼的名字。故选C。
80.参考答案:D
参考解析:
[考点]事实细节题
【精析】D题干大意是:下面选项哪一个是不正确的?根据第三段的前两句可知A项正确;通读全文可知,B项也是正确的;根据第三段第三句“My mother and I drove in.”可知,C项也正确;根据最后一段第二句“Although I like college, I can still get homesick.”可知,作者是想家的,因此D项不正确。故选D。
81.参考答案:【翻译】As is known to us, lung cancer results at least partly from smoking excessively.
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查常用短语的翻译。“众所周知”可译为“as is known to us/all”;“至少”可译为“at least”;“由于……而引起的”可译为“result from”。
82.参考答案:【翻译】If we had taken his advice, we could have avoided making such a mistake.
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查虚拟语气和常用语短的翻译。分析题干可知,本句是与过去事实相反的假设,从句谓语动词应用“had+过去分词”的形式,主句谓语动词应用“could have+过去分词”的形式。“接受某人的忠告”可译为“take one's advice”;“避免做某事”可译为“avoid doing sth.”;“犯错误”可译为“make a mistake”。
83.参考答案:【翻译】He took over from his father as president of the company after graduation. It turned out that he was more successful than his father.
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查固定句型和常用短语的翻译。“结果证明”可译为“It turns out that…”;“毕业后”可译为“after graduation”;“接替”可译为“take over (from sb.)”。根据题干可知,本句应译为过去时。
84.参考答案:【翻译】Since he can speak a little Chinese, it's easy for him to adapt to the life in Beijing. 
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查固定句型和原因状语从句的翻译。“对某人来说做某事……”可译为“It is…for sb. to do sth.”;“适应”可译为“adapt to”。前后句为因果关系,所以应用since来引导原因状语从句。
85.参考答案:【翻译】It's reported that the rainstorm is very likely to reach this city within 24 hours.
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查主语从句和固定句型的翻译。“据报道”可译为“It is reported that…”,it是形式主语,真正的主语是that引导的主语从句。“有可能做某事”可译为“be likely to do sth.”。
86.参考答案:【翻译】我们已经收到了你的来信,如果你们能够告知我们合作的细节,我们会非常感激。
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查条件状语从句和常用短语的翻译。状语从句译成汉语时常前置。因此把“如果你们能够告知我们合作的细节”放在“我们会非常感激”的前面。短语“in detail”意为“详细地”,这里将其译为名词“细节”。
87.参考答案:【翻译】就广告部兼销售部的经理而言,良好的英语口语能力也是一个必要条件。
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查常用短语的译法。“As far as sb. be concerned”可译为“就……而言”。
88.参考答案:【翻译】综合考虑各项因素,我们经理提出的方案似乎是更可行的。
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查非谓语动词和固定短语的翻译。“Everything taken into consideration”可译为“综合考虑各项因素”。put up by our manager是过去分词短语作后置定语,修饰the plan,翻译成汉语时应前置。因此,“the plan put up by our manager”可译为“我们经理提出的方案”。“seems to be”可译为“似乎是,好像是,看来”。
89.参考答案:【翻译】就海外投资能否成功地产生高额利润而言,关键在于你把资金投向哪个国家。
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查固定句型、定语从句和表语从句的翻译。“When it comes to…”可译为“当提到……,就……而言”。investments(投资)后面是that引导的定语从句,修饰先行词investments。“overseas”可译为“海外的” ;“yield”可译为“产生,出产”;“capital”可译为“资金,资本”。“…which country you should…”是表语从句,直接顺译即可。
90.参考答案:【翻译】因此,如果我们想用外语进行良好的沟通,我们必须理解赋予那种语言意义的文化。
参考解析:
【精析】本句考查条件状语从句和定语从句的翻译。if引导的条件状语从句位于主句之前,直接顺译即可;“culture(文化)”后面的that引导的定语从句可以译为前置定语。
91.参考答案:C应改为had
参考解析:
【翻译】如果他知道她的电话号码的话,会给他省掉很多麻烦。
【精析】C应改为had。本题考查虚拟语气在错综时间条件句中的用法。从句与过去事实相反,谓语动词应使用“had+过去分词”的形式。
92.参考答案:D应改为success
参考解析:
【翻译】成熟的人善于把失败转化为成功。
【精析】D应改为success。本题考查名词。“把失败转化为成功”中“成功”应使用名词,与failure的词性保持一致。
93.参考答案:A应改为What
参考解析:
【翻译】真正重要的是你所做的而不是你所说的。
【精析】A应改为What。本题考查名词性从句的连接词。what可以在主语从句中作主语并起连接作用。 
94.参考答案:B应改为can you
参考解析:
【翻译】在这个世界上,找不到比约翰更傻的人了。
【精析】。本题考查倒装句型。Nowhere为否定词,否定词位于句首时,句子应部分倒装,所以应将情态动词can 放在主语you 之前。
95.参考答案:D应改为turn off
参考解析:
【翻译】最后离开教室的人应该把灯关掉。
【精析】D应改为turn off。本题考查动词短语的意思。根据句意可知,最后离开教室的人应该关灯,turn up 意为“出现,打开”,而turn off意为“关闭(电源)”。
96.参考答案:D应改为alone
参考解析:
【翻译】考虑到她只是个孩子,让她单独去不安全。
【精析】D应改为alone。本题考查形近词辨析。lonely意为“孤独的,寂寞的”,根据题意,应改为alone,意为“独自地”。
97.参考答案:B应改为are
参考解析:
【翻译】他们认为其他国家的公司没有美国的公司竞争力大。
【精析】B应改为are。 本题考查主谓一致。本句包含一个省略that的宾语从句,从句的主语是businesses,为复数形式,谓语动词应用are。
98.参考答案:C应改为(should) be appointed
参考解析:
【翻译】大家都非常希望有一位新校长被任命到这所大学。
【精析】C应改为(should) be appointed。本题考查虚拟语气。在包含主语从句的复合句中,主句结构是“主语+系动词+表语”,其中表语为appropriate, advisable, essential, important, insistent, adamant, imperative, necessary, strange, desirable, urgent, compulsory, vital等形容词时,从句谓语动词应用“should+动词原形”的形式,其中should可以省略。此结构中常用it作形式主语而把真正的主语放到后面。根据句意可知,president和appoint之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,所以应用被动语态。因此,应把is appointed 改为(should) be appointed。
99.参考答案:A应改为Having
参考解析:
【翻译】由于他没有钱但是又不想让任何人知道,他只是简单地说他不吃晚饭就走。
【精析】A应改为Having。本题考查非谓语动词。逗号前面为非谓语动词作状语,he和have之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,且but前后非谓语动词形式应保持一致,因此应把Have改为Having。
100.参考答案:C应改为hearing
参考解析:
【翻译】信中我太太说若能偶尔收到你的来信,她将不胜感激。
【精析】C应改为hearing。本题考查非谓语动词。appreciate之后应接动名词作宾语,appreciate doing sth.意为“感激,欣赏……”。
101.参考答案:[范文]
Is Frustration a Bad Thing?
Since frustration seems to be a negative feeling, some people may tend to think that frustration is bad for people. They believe that frustration may cause serious mental problems. People suffering from such psychological problems often resort to violence or suicide, which poses a big threat to the people around them and thus causes instability to the whole society.
Most people, however, hold a different view. They claim that frustration is beneficial to people. It encourages people to practice their skills and adapt themselves to the competitive society. Going through some setbacks may contribute to the formation of their personal characters.
In my view, frustration is part of our life experiences. As long as we handle it in a wise way and take it as our source of inspiration, we may ultimately enjoy the glory of success.

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