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2016年河南专升本公共英语真题及答案

摘要:每年的河南专升本考试试题(简称:专升本试题)在大家升本过程中的重要程度不言而喻,即使在专升本备基础备考阶段也要以历年专升本试题为根本,下面是天任专升本小编整理发布2016年河南省专升本英语试题及答案解析供考生参考,预祝大家考个好成绩!

河南省2016 年普通高等学校
专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试
公共英语

Part Ⅰ Vocabulary and Structure ( 1 x 40 )
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence, and then you should mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.-
1. Jane hadn't been to London before.______ had her husband.
   A. Neither  B. Either       C. So     D. Or
2.No sooner had he arrived in Rome ______ he heard of the good news. 
   A. when    B. than     C. then    D. until
3.I’m for the suggestion that a special board_____to examine the problem.  
   A. be set up     B. will be set up     C.must be set up     D.has to be set up
4.The disabled children need many things, but____ , they need love. 
   A. first of all    B.not at all    C.after all    D. All in all
5. The coal industry in the north of China is now barely half its ____size.            
   A. Formal    B.former    C.latter    D. later
6. The football player is hoping to____  to another team soon.
   A. Transfer       B.transport     C.transplant     D. transact
7. ____the garden, the old man went to have a rest.
   A. Having been watered    B. Watering     C. Having watered   D. Being watered
8. Her_____to the job left her with very little free time.
   A. devotion      B.faith     C.trust          D.interest
9.  The children have been ____since their father left.
   A.out of style      B.under control      C.out of control      D.in style
10.It is reported _____ great changes have been made with the application of the new policy.  
   A.which    B. that     C. while     D.what
11. The manager promised to keep me _____ of how the project was going on.
   A. be informed        B. Informed     C. inform  D.informing
12. He announced that the company had been transferred to  city.
   A. another         B. others      C. the other   D.one another
13. A great cheer went up from the crowd as they caught ____   of the hero.
   A. vision  B. view     C. sight    D.glance   
14. Physics______    my favorite subject when I studied in the university.
   A. Were       B.was      C.is     D.are
15. _____ we can succeed or not depends on how well we cooperate with others.
   A. Then       B. Thus      C. What     D. Whether
16. 1 will lend you the book ______   you return it to me in time.
   A. on condition that      B. in case        C. in order that       D. so that
17. Mr.Brown is supposed to _____for Italy last month.
   A. be leaving    B.have left     C.leave    D.have been left
18. -Did you enjoy the TV program last night?
-No, ____not.
   A. particularly        B.obviously     C.surprisingly        D.normally
19. We are disappointed yesterday because it wasn't such a good dinner______she had promised us.
   A. like         B. as        C. which        D.what
20. She walked along the path, _____  her daughter close behind.
   A. following         B. follow      C. to follow      D. was followed
21. She insisted that the scats in the theater____ in advance to insure a better view.
   A. booked     B. be booked       C.  arc booked       D. were to book
22. We are sometimes_____  of selfishness  in  our lives,though  we  arc mostly  generous  in personality.
   A. miserable  B. Greedy    C. guilty   D. sorry
23. The teacher doesn't allow his students _____  on the exam.
   A. cheated        B.cheating     C.cheat      D. to cheat
24. There is a lot of evidence____  to much stress is partly responsible for the disease.
   A. what         B. which      C. As       D.that
25. “____ everyone's here,”she said, “let's begin to discuss the solution to the problems
we have found. “
   A. As far as        B. Now that     C.So far     D.By far
26. Most computer users are _____ threat from computer viruses.
   A. within   B. upon       C.  towards    D.under
27. No matter how    ______ , it's impossible that he has never lost money.
   A.a businessman smart is                B. a businessman is smart                       
   C. smart is a businessman               D. smart a businessman is
28.David told the truth ______ to annoy her, and she was angry for being betrayed by her good
friend.                               
   A. on purpose  B.in need      C. in detail   D.at all
29.The classroom is quite clean _____    some waste paper on the floor.
   A. except forB.besides        C.except     D.without    
30.The bad weather______    the building program by several weeks.
   A. went on B.put on   C.set back   D.built up   
31.They naturally hope that their choice of the play will be _____with the school and parents.
   A. pleasing       B. welcome   C. kindD. popular   
32.These two pictures are so______    that it’s very difficult to tell them apart.
   A. exact  B. familiar  C. likely    D. Similar       
33.These tickets for the performance are_____until the end of the month.
   A. acceptableB. AvailableC. AdvisableD. applicable
34.Please _____the water tap when you have finished your washing.
   A. turn on    B. turn oft  C. turn out  D. turn over
35.Don't associate with bad boys _____your whole life will be ruined.
   A. OrB. But  C. and  D. so that       
36.I shall have a companion in the house after all these_____  years.
   A. alone  B.  lonely  C. single D.simple       
37. You _____ if you had had higher score in the examination.  
   A. must have got scholarship   B. would have got scholarship
   C. should get scholarship      D. had got scholarship   
38.The bank has established  ______in many big cities in the world.
   A. parts      B.   twigs   C. benches   D.   branches
39.While studying he financially depended____his wife.    
   A. on  B.    of  C. to     D.from         
40.Only in this way_____out of the plan.          
   A. you can talk him          C. him you can talk        
   B. can you talk him         D. him can you talk         
Part II Close (1x20)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B. C and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet
Who won the World Cup 1994 football game? What happened at the United Nations? How did the critics like the new play?41   an event takes place, newspapers arc on the streets  42 the details. Wherever anything happens in the world, imports are on the spot to   43   the news.  
Newspapers have one basic44   . to get the news as quickly as possible from its source, from those who make it to those who want to   45  it. Radio, telegraph, television, and46 inventions brought competition for newspapers. So did the development of magazines and other means of communication. 47 , this competition merely spurred the newspapers on. They quickly made use of the newer and faster means of communication to improve the 48 and thus the efficiency of their own operations. Today more newspapers are 49 and read than ever before. Competition also led newspapers to branch out to many other fields. Besides keeping  readers  50 of the latest news, today's newspapers   51 and influence readers about politics and other  important and  serious  matters. Newspapersinfluence  readers'  economicchoices52 advertising. Most newspapers depend on advertising for their very   53.Newspapers are sold at a price that   54   even a small fraction of the cost of production. The main   55    of income for most newspapers is commercial advertising. The   56in selling advertisingdepends on a newspaper's value to advertisers. This    57   in terms of circulation. How many people read the newspaper? Circulation depends  58  on the work of the circulation department and on the  services or entertainment   59   in a newspaper's pages. But for the most part, circulation depends on a newspaper's value to readers as a source of information   60   the community, city, country, state, nation, and world-and even outer space.       
41. A. Just when         B.While            C.Soon after          D.Before
42. A.to give                B.giving                C.given               D.being given
43. A.gather               B. spread          C.carry              D.bring
44. A.reason           B.cause               C.problem       D.purpose
45. A.make              B.publish                 C.know          D.write
46. A.another             B.other             C.one another       D.the other
47. A.However            B.And                 C.Therefore          D.So
48. A.value             B.ratio               C. rate            D.speed
49. A.spread             B.passed             C.printed           D.completed
50. A.inform           B.be informed         C.to be informed    D.informed
51. A.entertain          B.encourage           C.educate           D.edit
52. A.on               B. Through        C.with           D.of
53. A.forms             B.existence           C.contents         D.purpose
54.A.tries to cover         B.manages to cover        C.fails to cover        D.succeeds in
55.A.source               B.origin                 C.course            D.finance
56.A.way               B.means               C.chance            D.success
57.A.measures            B.measured           C.is measured      D.was measured
58.A.somewhat            B.little             C.much             D.something
59.A.offering               B.offered                 C.which offered    D.to be offered
60.A.by                 B.with                C.at            D.about
 
PartⅢ Reading Comprehension ( 2 x 20 )
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice, and mark the corresponding letter on the  Answer Sheet.
Passage1
     Many post-80s couples are complaining that going to the movies, shopping or attending parties have become impossible since their kids were born. That's the way most parents are living their lives, no weekends of their own, no time to visit friends, not even a chance of promotion in their jobs.
     Asking help from their parents might be a way out,but problems are that some aging parents arc not strong enough to take care of the kids, and that the kids may also become too spoiled by their grandparents.
     Then, here comes a solution: families with kids can form a small group, and parents of each family can take turns to look after all the kids in this group on weekends. Thus, other parents can have some quiet time and feel free to do something they've been planning for a long time. At the same time, the kids can make new friends and won' t be hanging around their parents all day long. This is baby-pooling.
61.Many post-80s couples can't go to the movies, shop or attend parties because_____    .
   A .they have to look after their kids        B. they have to look after their parents
   C. they are busy with their work        D. they have no money
62.In paragraph 2, “a way out” means ______.
    A. out of date     B. a solution  C. without question    D. a complaint
63.According to the last paragraph, the solution to the problem of post-80s couples is
that _____ .
    A. families with kids form a small group           B. they ask their aging parents for help
    C. they give up their jobs                        D. they lake their kids wherever they go
64.What is( are) the advantage(s) of baby-pooling?
    A.The parents can have much more free time.       
    B.The kids can make new friends.
    C.The kids won't be hanging around their parents all day long. 
    D. All of the above.
65.The passage mainly discusses   _____ ?
    A. post-80s couples and their friends  B. post-80s couples and baby-pooling
    C. post-80s couples and their parents  D. kids and their grandparents
Passage2
    It is a terrible illustration of man ' s weakness to nature .and the tsunami(^^) that struck the Japanese coast in March. 2011 has illustrated the difficulty of fighting against natural disasters, even for a prosperous nation.
    Totally preventing tsunami-damage is impossible. But there is much that can be done to minimize damage and loss of life. Measures that can be taken include designing solid buildings, and developing early-warming systems, public education programs and evacuation( 拔 散 )strategics.Moreover, the approach of a tsunami is possibly picked up by the sensors of complicated international warming systems. Countries can use radio and television broadcasts as well as loudspeaker networks to warn the public.
    But an early warming system depends on how far the tsunami strikes, if it's close by, the warning system is not going to be very effective. When people are faced with an unstoppable force like a tsunami the massive waves created by events like underwater earthquakes, the best course of action for them is lo get inland and to the higher ground as quickly as possible.
66.The first paragraph tells us that _____ . 
   A.man can easily defeat the nature         
   B.tsunamis take place only in Japan
   C.man's ability to cope with natural disasters is limited
   D.the tsunami-damage in Japan is not so terrible
67.To prevent tsunami-damage, the following measures can be taken EXCEPT______
   A.designing firm buildings   、
   B.developing early-warning systems               
   C.developing evacuation strategics 
   D.keeping the public unaware of the seriousness of tsunamis
68.According to the passage , which of the following can cause a tsunami_____?
    A. Storms.     B. Massive waves.    C. Underwater earthquakes.    D. Floods
69.When a tsunami happens, the best course of action for people is to_____  .
   A.listen to radio and television broadcasts for information
   B.get inland and to the higher ground as quickly as possible
   C.stay where they are
   D.rely on the warning systems
Passage 3
     Global warming  is causing more  than 300,000 deaths and about  $125 billion in  economic losses each year, according to a report by the Global Humanitarian Forum, an organization  led by Annan, the former United Nations secretary general.
     The report, to  be  released Friday,  analyzed data and  existing  studies of health,  disaster,population and economic  trends. It found  that human-influenced climate  change was raising the global death  rates from illnesses  including malnutrition  (营养不良)and    heal-related  health problems.
     But even before its release, the  report drew criticism from some experts on climate and  risk,who questioned its methods and conclusions.Along with the deaths, the  report said that the lives of 325 million people, primarily  in poor countries, were  being seriously affected  by climate change. It projected  that the  number would double by 2030.
     Roger Pielke Jr.a  political  scientist at the  University of  Colorado, Boulder,  who studies disaster trends, said the Forum's report was “a methodological embarrassment”  because there was no way to distinguish deaths or economic losses related to human-driven global warming amid the much  larger  losses resulting from  the  growth in  populations  and economic  development in vulnerable (易受伤害的)regions.  Dr. Pielke said that  “climate change is  an important problem requiring our  utmost attention. “But the  report, he said,  ''will harm the cause  for action on both climate change and disasters because it is so deeply flawed (有瑕疵的).”
    However, Soren Andreasen, a  social scientist at Dalberg Global  Development Partners who supervised the writing  of the report,  defended it, saying that  it was clear that the numbers were rough estimates. He said the report  was aimed at world leaders, who will meet  in Copenhagen in December to negotiate a new international climate treaty.
    In a press release describing the report, Mr. Annan stressed the need for the negotiations to focus on increasing the flow of money from rich to poor regions to help reduce their vulnerability to climate hazards while still curbing the  emissions of the heat-trapping gases. More than 90% of the human and economic losses from climate change arc occurring in poor countries, according to the report.
71. What is the finding of the Global Humanitarian Forum?
   A. Global temperatures affect the rate of economic development.
   B.Rates of death from illnesses have risen due to global warming.
   C.Malnutrition has caused serious health problems in poor countries.
   D.Economic trends have to do with population and natural disasters.
72. What do we learn about the Forum's report from the passage?
   A.It was challenged by some climate and risk experts.
   B.It aroused a lot of interest in the scientific circles.
   C.It was warmly received by environmentalists.
   D.It caused a big stir in developing countries.
73.What does Dr. Pielke say about the Forum's report?
   A.Its statistics look embarrassing.
   B.It is invalid in terms of methodology.
   C.It deserves our closest attention.
   D.Its conclusion is purposely exaggerated.
74.What is Soren Andreasen’s view of the report?
   A. Its conclusions are based on carefully collected data.
   B. It is vulnerable to criticism if the statistics are closely examined.
   C. It will give rise to heated discussions at the Copenhagen conference.
   D. Its rough estimates arc meant to draw the attention of world leaders.
75. What does Kofi Annan say should be the focus of the Copenhagen conference?
   A. How rich and poor regions can share responsibility in curbing global warming.
   B. How human and economic losses from climate change can be reduced.
   C.How emissions of heat-trapping gases can be reduced on a global scale.
   D.How rich countries can better help poor regions reduce climate hazards.
Passage 4
Reaching new peaks of popularity in  North America is Iceberg  Water, which is  harvested from icebergs off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada.
Arthur von Wiesenberger, who carries the title Water Master, is one  of the few water critics in North America. As  a boy, he  spent time in the larger cities  of Italy, France  and Switzerland,where bottled water  is consumed daily. Even then, he  kept a water journal, noting  the brands he liked best “my dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water,” He says.
    But is plain tap water all that bad? Not at all. In fact. New York's municipal water for more
than a century was called the champagne of lap water and until recently considered among the best in the  world in terms  of both taste and purity. Similarly,  a magazine in  England found that  tap water from the Thames River  tasted better than several leading brands of  bottled water that were400 times more expensive.
    Nevertheless, soft-drink companies view bottled water as the next battle-ground for market
share-this despite the fact  that over 25 percent of  bottled water comes from tap  water: PepsiCo's Aquafina and Coca-Cola's Dasani arc both purified tap water rather than spring water.
    As diners thirst for leading brands, bottlers and restaurateurs salivate(垂涎)over the profits.
A restaurant's typical mark-up on wine is 100 to 150 percent, whereas on bottled water it's often
300 to 500 percent. But since water is much cheaper than wine, and many of the fancier brands
aren't available in stores, most diners don't notice or care.
    As a result, some restaurants are turning up the pressure to sen bottled water.According to
an article  in The Street Journal,  some of  the more shameless tactics  include placing  attractive bottles on the table for a visual sell, listing brands on the menu without prices, and pouring bottled water without even asking the diners if they want it.
    Regardless of  how it’s sold,  the popularity of  bottled whaler taps into  our desire for  better health, our wish to appear cultivated, and even a longing for lost purity.
76.What do we know about Iceberg Water from the passage?
   A.lt is a kind of iced water.           B.It is just plain tap water.
   C .It is a kind of bottled water.       D .It is a kind of mineral water.
77.By saying “My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water (Line 4 Para2),Von Wiesenberger wants to convey the message that_____?
   A .plain tap whaler is certainly unfit for drinking
   B .bottled water is clearly superior to tap water
   C.bottled water often appeals more to dogs taste
   D.dogs can usually detect a fine difference in taste
78.The-fancier brands (Line 3 Para 5) refers to____.
   A.tap water from the Thames River
   B.famous wines not sold in ordinary stores
   C.PepsiCo's Aquafina and Coca-Cola's Dasani
   D.expensive bottled water with impressive names
79.Why are some restaurants turning up the pressure to sell bottled water?
   A. Bottled water brings in huge profits.
   B. Competition from the wine industry is intense.
   C. Most diners find bottled water affordable.
   D.Bottled water satisfied diners' desire to fashionable.
80.According to passage, why is bottled whaler so popular?
   A. It is much cheaper than wine.
   B.It is considered healthier.
   C. lt appeals to more cultivated people.
   D. It is more widely promoted in the market.
PartⅣ  Translation   ( 2 x 10 )
Directions: There are  10 sentences in  this section. Please  translate sentences 81-85 from  Chinese into English, and translate sentences 86-90 from English into Chinese. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.
81.只要明天天气好,我们就和同学一起去游泳
 
82.有这么多人的关心,在国外的最初几个月里,她感到非常幸福
 
83.新图书馆比以前的大两倍。(或者译为“新图书馆是以前的三倍大”。)
 
84.这张照片让我想起了在上海度过的快乐时光。
 
85.地震中,许多房屋受损严重,成千上万的人无价可归
 
86.professional hair-care products indicates that consumers arc  playing as much attention to their hair as to their skin.
 
87.Women would double their risk of  suffering from lung  cancer if they were  exposed to 40 or more years of household tobacco smoke.
 
88.Though technically quite  advanced today, the Internet is far  from being popular with  average household users in some developing countries.
 
89.You have sold So well but for a lot of advertisements we put on the television.
 
90.The regulation make it safer for you to use your credit card for shopping on the Internet or over the phone.
 
Part V   Translation ( 1 x 10 )
Directions: There are 10 sentences. Each of the following sentences has  four underlined parts marked A B C and D .You are required to identify the incorrect part ,then write the corresponding letter and the correct answer on the Answer Sheet.
91.Mr Black, a good friend of melikesdrawinghorses.
             A           B  C     D
92.Don’t stay at home, You had betterto go outfor a walk.
              A          B       C       D
93.In the girls100-metrerace, Lily from Class1 ran very fast.
       A     B                C             D
94.There isa peoplein the room But nobody knowswho it is.
        A  B                         C     D
95. We will holdsports meetingnext Mondayif it won’t  rain.
           A       B           C           D
96. The boy calledTom was borninthe morningof May2nd, 1990.
            A        B    C   D
97. Mother asked me ifthe Blacksweregoing to move here long before.
                 A      B   C                      D
98. Today is September the tenth. Happy Teachers ‘Dayto you.Thank you for teachus so well.
                      A              B                          C      D                                     
99. Jim is much clevererthan any other studentsin Grade3, but he doesn’twork hard.
                A              B                        C        D
100. Look!Two hundredsstudents arewatchinga football match on the playground.
                A           B   C                          D
 Part VI  Writing ( 20 x 1 )
Directions: For  this part, you’re  required to write  A Composition. You should  write at least  120 words on the topic Happiness in My mind. Please write it on the Answer Sheet.
 
The Attitude  toward  Crisis
 
2016年河南专升本英语答案
选择题
1--5.ABAAB       6--10.ACACB
11--15.BACBD16--20. ABABA
21--25.BCDDB26--30.DDAAC
3I--35.DDBBA36--40.BBDAB
完形填空
41-45:AAADC 46-50:BADCD  51-55:CBBCA  56-60:DCCBD
阅读理解
61-65:ABADB   66-70:CDCBC   71-75:BABDD   76-80   CBDAB
翻译
81.As long as it is fine tomorrow, we will go swimming.
82.With so many people to care about her, she feels very happy.
83.The new library is three times as large as the old one.
84.The photo reminds me of the happy time I spent in Shanghai.
85.A lot of houses were seriously damaged in the earthquake, so that thousands of people were left homeless.
86. 专业护发产品销量的增加表明消费者既重视护肤,也重视护发。
87.妇女在吸烟的家庭环境中生活40年或更长时间,她们患肺癌的风险就会加倍
88. 尽管互联网技术现在已经很先进,但在一些发展中国家还远远没有普及到一般家庭
89. 若不是我们,你们的新产品销路不会这么好
90. 这些规章制度可以保证你在使用信用卡进行网上或者电话购物时更安全
改错答案
91.B--mine   92.C--go out   93.A--the girls’   94.B--a person   95.D-- doesn’t
96.C--on     97.D--before long   98.C--teaching   99.B--any other student   100.A--hundred
作文答案
The Attitude towards Crisis
     When it comes to the attitude towards crisis, most people will show their great concern and interest, it has a great influence on our society and life.
     What does crisis mean? Everyone has his own understanding in mind. My points are as following. First of all, it is obvious that crisis can bring us a lot of trouble, which may make us lose the confidence in life. What's more, there is no denying that crisis can increase our courage if we face it bravely. In the end, it goes without saying that crisis can improve our ability if we learn to handle it successfully.
     This is my understanding of crisis. Of course, it can't be the only answer. All our views should be based on right attitude and position. Only in this way can our society benefit from it and our life become much more beautiful because of it.

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