Word Formation (10points)
There are 10 incomplete statements in this part. you should fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word, and write the right answer in the blank“ ”.
1. All the men were under heavy ________ working day and night.(press)
2. The young industrial engineer did everything in a ________ way.(leisure)
3. These activities help to greatly ________ the ties among the club members.(strong)
4. She repeated his name ________, too shocked to say more.(help)
5. Many foreign words and phrases have ________ the English Language.( rich)
6. Nowadays, we are in a very ________ business environment.(competition)
7. As a college student, you should aim for an ________ of knowledge well beyond your area of specialization.(expand)
8. In our ________, the laboring people are masters of country.(social)
9. She is always ________ to help others.(will)
10. His stories written in his later years were not interesting because of his ________ of imagination.(poor)
Part II Vocabulary and Structure （40 points）
there are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentences there are four choices marked A，B，C，and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.
11. One of the requirements for a fire is that the material to its burning temperature.
A. is heated B. will be heated C. be heated D. would be heated
12. I have to my expenditure to my income.
A. transfer B. adjust C. direct D. add
13. If he had been in better health, he more books.
A. can write B. could have written C. could write D. have written
14. With the development of industry, this region will surely .
A. develop B. profit C. succeed D. thrive
15. I’m going to spend the winter vacation in Shanghai, I have relatives.
A. which B. nevertheless C. where D. when
16. The new campus is as the old one.
A. twice as big B. as twice big C. twice big D. big as twice
17. If to speak, he has no problem expressing himself.
A. asked B. asking C. ask D. to be ask
18. Mum is getting old, so her money is not very these days.
A. true B. forgettable C. reliable D. credit
19. Which door does this key to？
A. set B. fit C. become D. belong
20. Much my regret, I am unable to accept your kind invitation.
A. to B. at C. with D. by
21. It ought to be you me that signs the letter.
A. but B. in spite of C. rather D. rather than
22. Literature must consist of words, music must consist of sounds.
A. even though B. so that C. just as D. ever since
23. If the building project by the end of this month is delayed, the construction company will be fined.
A. being completed B. is completed C. to be completed D. completed
24. I prefer walking .
A. to drive B. to driving C. than drive D. than driving
25. The committee a conclusion only after days of discussion.
A. achieved B. reached C. arrive D. completed
26. Asia is among the seven continents.
A. largest B. the largest C. larger D. the larger
27. You me because I didn’t say that.
A. must misunderstand B. must be misunderstanding
C. must have misunderstood D. had to misunderstand
28. Generally speaking, nodding your head is to saying yes.
A. contrary B. equivalent C. secondary D. relevant
29. I have been to the West Lake three times 1970.
A. since B. until C. from D. After
30. gathering and storing information, the computer can also solve complicated problems.
A. Not only B. Unless C. Except D. Besides
31. Seldom in such a rude way.
A. we have been treated B. have we been treated
C. we have treated D. have we treated
32. , that step is not safe!
A. Look around B. Look up C. Look out D. Look down
33. He went on to say that it was important to respect others as by others.
A. to be respected B. to respected C. being respected D. respected
34. I saw a traffic this morning.
A. event B. conflict C. damage D. accident
35. you ought to do is to see a doctor.
A. How B. What C. Which D. That
36. Every means but without much result.
A. have been tried B. has been tried C. have tried D. has tried
37. Finding it difficult to to the climate in the city, he decided to move to the north.
A. fit B. adopt C. suit D. adapt
38. We must begin testing this instrument, no matter difficult it is.
A. however B. how C. whatever D. what
39. He climbed up into the tree and picked all the fruit reach.
A. within B. beyond C. off D. inside
40.The man was stolen called the police.
A. his wallet B. the wallet of his C. whose wallet D. the wallet of whom
41. Those opinions are now out of .
A. order B. form C. mood D. fashion
42. Neither Mary nor her sister to the party.
A. go B. are going C. have gone D. is going
43. Any student in swimming can apply for membership.
A. having a keen interest B. with a keen interesting
C. who is keenly interesting D. has a keen interest
44. Just because he failed once, it does not that he will fail.
A. follow B. happen C. appear D. seem
45. He plays not only the piano the violin.
A. and also B. but also C. but as well as D. but as well
46. The population of the world is growing at a dangerous
A. step B. measure C. rate D. progress
47. him do this job by himself?
A. Why don’t let B. Why not letting C. Why not let D. Why you not to let
48. He speaks English better than I.
A. very B. much C. too D. to
49. There can be no doubt someone had visited the house before they arrived.
A. why B. whether C. how D. that
50. He grew more and more absorbed in his work, he almost forgot his meals.
A. that to such an extent B. to an extent such that
C. to such an extent D. such that to an extent
Part III. Reading Comprehension(40 points)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.
Advertising follows us everywhere. Whenever we turn on the television, listen to the radio or open a newspaper or magazine, we are bombarded with advertisements. They invite us to try a new type of orange juice, wear X-brand jeans or watch the latest film. They beg us to notice the difference and discover the advantages. They exist to make us want what they are selling.
Strangely, the more we are exposed to advertising, the less we notice it. We get so used to seeing advertisements everywhere that they become largely invisible, as if they were another part of our everyday lives. But does that mean that we are no longer affected by them?
One advertising expert believes that the special power of advertising lies in the fact that we do not pay much attention to it. Dr. Krugman, who was head of research for a major advertising company for many years, says that the less we notice ads, the more we are affected by them. D. Krugman believe that when we stop noticing advertisements, we lower our defenses, allowing the messages of the advertisements to be taken in and stored, ready to be triggered into action at the right moment. He says that the effects of advertising on the individual are small, but over a period of time they have a powerful effect on the masses.
When asked about the power of advertising in research surveys, most people agree that it works, but not on them. Almost everyone believes that they have complete control over how thousands of ads they see every day affect them.
51. Ads exist to make people want ________ .
A. a new type of orange juice B. X-brand jeans
C. to watch the latest film D. what they advertise
52. The more we see ads, the less we ________ .
A. pay attention to them B. feel tired of them C. neglect them D. put up with them
53. Although we may think we are not affected by them, Dr. Krugman believes that advertisements affect ________ .
A. all of us B. most of us C. some of us D. a few individuals
54. Dr. Krugman believes that when we stop noticing ads, we begin to ________ .
A. like them B. be on guard against them
C. accept them D. dislike them
55. When asked about the power of ads, most people agree that ads are ineffective on ________ .
A. individuals B. masses C. others D. them
Like most people, I was brought up to look upon life as a process of getting. It was not until in my late thirties that I made this important discovery giving away makes life so much more exciting. You need not worry if you lack money. This is how I experimented with giving away. If an idea for improving the window display of a neighborhood store flashes to me, I step in and make the suggestion to the storekeeper. One discovery I made about giving away is that it is almost impossible to give away anything in this world without getting something back, though the return often comes in an unexpected form. One Sunday morning the local post office delivered an important special delivery letter to my home, though it was addressed to me at my office. I wrote the postmaster a note of appreciation. More than a year later I needed a post office box for a new business I was starting. I was told at the window that there were no boxes left, and that my name would have to go on a long waiting list. As I was about to leave, the postmaster appeared in the doorway. He had overheard our conversation. “Wasn't it you that wrote us that letter a year ago about delivering a special delivery to your home?” I said yes. “ Well, you certainly are going to have a box in this post office if we have to make one for you. You don't know what a letter like that means to us. We usually get nothing but complaints.”
56. From the passage, we understand that ________ .
A. the author did not understand the importance of giving until he was in late thirties
B. the author was like most people who were mostly receivers rather than givers
C. the author received the same education as most people during his childhood
D. the author liked most people as they looked upon life as a process of getting
57. According to the author ________ .
A. giving means you will lack money B. the excitement of giving can bring you money
C. you don't have to be rich in order to give D. when you give away money, you will be rich
58. The author wrote a note of appreciation to the post office because ________ .
A. he knew what such a note would mean to the post office.
B. he had discovered giving-away made life all the more exciting.
C. he believed he would get something back by doing so.
D. the postman delivered an important letter in time.
59. When the author needed a post office box, ________ .
A. he had to put his name on a waiting list
B. he wrote the postmaster a note of appreciation
C. many people had applied for post-office boxes before him
D. he asked the postmaster to make one for him
60. In reply to the postmaster's question, the author said ________ .
A. it was the special delivery B. it was the post-office box
C. it was the note of appreciation he wrote D. it was he who wrote him a letter a year ago
Generations of Americans have been brought up to believe that a good breakfast is one of life's essentials. Eating breakfast at the start of the day, we have all been told, is as necessary as putting gasoline in the family car before starting a trip.
But for many people the thought of food first thing in the morning is by no means a pleasure. So despite all the efforts, the still take no breakfast. Between 1977 and 1983, the latest years for which figures are available, the number of people who didn't have breakfast increased by 33 percent-from 8.8 million to 11.7 million-according to the Chicago-based Market Research Corporation of America.
For those who feel pain or guilt about not eating breakfast, however, there is some good news. Several studies in the last few years indicate that, for adults especially, there may be nothing wrong with omitting breakfast. “Going without breakfast does not affect performance.” said A mold E. Bender, the former professor of nutrition at Queen Elizabeth College in London, “nor does giving people breakfast improve performance.”
Scientific evidence linking breakfast to better health or better performance is surprisingly inadequate, and most of the recent work involves children, not adults. “The literature,” says one researcher, Dr. Emesto Pollitt at the University of Texas, “is poor”.
61. The passage is mainly concerned with ________ .
A. a study of the Chicago-based Market Research Corporation
B. one of life's essentials
C. latest figures of people who don't eat breakfast
D. breakfast and human health
62. For those who do not take breakfast, the good news is that ________ .
A. several studies have been done in the past few years
B. not eating breakfast does no harm to one's health
C. adults have especially made studies in this field
D. Eating little in the morning may be good for health
63. In the third paragraph, “nor does giving people breakfast improve performance,” means ________ .
A. anyone without breakfast does improve his performance
B. not giving people breakfast improves performance
C. people having breakfast do improve their performance
D. having breakfast does not improve performance, either
64. The word “literature” in the last sentence refers to ________ .
A. stories about breakfast B. written works on a particular subject
C. any printed materials D. the modern novels of American
65. What is implied but not stated by the author is that ________ .
A. not eating breakfast might affect the health of children
B. breakfast does not affect performance
C. Professor Bender once taught college courses in nutrition in London
D. People who don't eat breakfast have increased
Each day, computers help millions of people do their jobs more effectively. For example, they can help managers decide on a future course of action, and they can then help with the follow up checks on performance to see if planned goals are being achieved. By using accurate and timely facts supplied by data base management software, a manager can do a better job of identifying problems and opportunities. And managers may not need to spend as much time in controlling when a computer can respond with a triggered report if actual performance varies from what was planned. The time saved in controlling may allow managers to give more attention to employees' concerns, and this, in turn, may result in improved morale(士气).
But employment benefits certainly aren't restricted to managers. Healthcare researchers and other scientists also use computers to conduct research into complex problem areas that couldn't otherwise be studied. Lawyers use online legal data banks to locate precedent(先前的) cases in order to serve clients better. Salespeople can receive more timely information about products in stock, can promise customers that their sales orders will be handled promptly, and can thus improve their sales performance because of the computer system. And the job duties of some office and factory workers have changed from routine, repetitive operations to more varied and appealing tasks through computer usage. For example, office workers who understand text processing, computing, and data communication usually have vital roles and are given critical office functions to perform.
66. Which of the following examples shows the controlling function of a computer?
A. Helping managers decide on a future course of action
B. Helping managers check if planned goals are reached
C. Helping managers save time in writing a report
D. Helping managers design a spreadsheet package
67. Employees may have better morale if ________ .
A. they have more time to rest B. a computer is used in their work
C. the manager spends more time with them D. the managers pay more attention to them
68. Which of the following is the most essential to a successful businessman?
A. He can use computers in his work. B. He can handle orders promptly.
C. He can get timely information. D. He can improve his sales performance.
69. The office duties used to be ________ .
A. difficult B. boring C. heavy D. appealing
70. Which of the following is the best suggested title?
A. Computers and Management B. Computer Functions
C. Computer and Work Performance D. Employment Benefits by a Computer
Part IV Cloze(20 points)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each bland there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage .
We got up early this morning and 71
a long walk after breakfast. We walked 72
the business section of the city. I told you yesterday that the city 73
larger than I thought it would be. Well, the business section is smaller than I thought it would be. I suppose that's 74
Washington is special kind of city. 75
of the people in Washington work for the government.
About 9:30 we went to the White House. It's 76
the public from 10 77
12, and there was a long line of people 78
to get in. We didn’t have to wait very long, because the line moved pretty quickly.
The White House is really white. It 79
every year. And it seems very white, because it's got beautiful lawns 80
around it, with many trees and shrubs. The grounds 81
about four square blocks. I mean, they’re about two blocks long 82
Of course, we didn't see the whole building. The part 83
the President lives and works is not open to the public. But the part we saw was beautiful. We went through five of the main rooms. One of __84_
_ was the library, on the ground floor. On the next floor, there are three rooms named 85
the colors that are used in them : the Red Room, the Blue Room, and the Green Room. The walls are covered with silk 86
.There are 87
old furniture, from the time 88
the White House was __89_
_ built. And everywhere there are paintings and statues of former presidents and 90
famous prople from history.
71. A. made B. took C. did D. set
72. A. among B. through C. between D. upon
73. A. was B. is C. has been D. should be
74. A. reason B. for C. because D. since
75. A. Amounts B. Much C. A great deal D. Most
76. A. open to B. opened to C. open for D. opened for
77. A. near B. since C. towards D. till
78. A. waited B. wait C. waiting D. to wait
79. A. was painted B. has painted C. is painted D. paints
80. A. all B. whole C. every D. each
81. A. cover B. make C. cost D. spend
82. A. about B. on C. in D. for
83. A. that B. which C. where D. what
84. A. that B. theirs C. it D. them
85. A. for B. by C. with D. after
86. A. cloth B. clothes C. clothing D. dressing
87. A. many pieces of B. many bits of C. a great many D. many a
88. A. which B. that C. when D. where
89. A. firstly B. first C. at first D. early
90. A. the other B. other C. others D. another
Part V Translation (20 points)
Directions：There are 5 sentences in this section. Please translate them from Chinese into English.
Directions：There are 5 sentences in this section . Please translate them from English into Chinese.
96. Whether we like it or not, the world we live in has changed a great deal in the last hundred years.
97. The key to our room is attached to a large plastic block with the room number on it.
98. As I viewed these once familiar surroundings, images of me as a child there came to my mind.
99. Over year, I have written extensively about animal-intelligence experiments.
100. You'd better open a savings account at the bank near the university.
Part VI. Writing (20 points)
For this part, you're required to write a composition on the topic. “Why I Attended College?” You should write at least 100 words, and your composition should be based on the description given in Chinese below.
Outline: 1. 你为什么会选择上大学