Word Formation (10 points)
There are 10 incomplete statements in this part. you should fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word, and write the right answer in the blank " "
1. She was engaged in an (argue) ________ with Roberts about equal pay for men and women.
2. These methods are (effect) ________ in English teaching.
3. The professor has a large (collect) ________ of books.
4. If you read the paper (care) ________ am sure you will pass the exam.
5. The (excite) ________ crowd rushed into the mayor’s office.
6. I don't think it wise to teach students of different (able) ________ in the same class.
7. The whole world looks upon the rapid (economy) ________ development of our country as a great wonder.
8. It is (scientific) ________ to think that science can solve all the problems for human beings.
9. Many television viewers take him as their (favor) ________ actor.
10. After he finished the assignment, he found some (addition) ________ exercises to do.
Part II. Vocabulary and Structure （40 points）
there are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentences there are four choices marked A，B，C，and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.
11. The departure time of the plane has been postponed, so we have nothing to do now but .
A. wait B. to be waiting C. to wait D. waiting
12. I couldn’t understand why he pretended in the garden.
A. not to see me B. not see me C. to see me not D. to see not me
13. Only when we came back home, that my watch was missing.
A. did I find B. I found C. I had found D. Had I found
14. more time, the scientists will be able to work out a good solution to the problem.
A. Given B. Giving C. To give D. Be given’
15. Some of the apples were rotten before reaching the market and away.
A. could be thrown B. had to be thrown C. could throw D. had to throw
16. in Beijing for more than twenty years, he knows the city very well.
A. Living B. Lived C. Having lived D. To live
17. Mr. Zhang, came to see me yesterday, is an old friend of my father’s.
A. which B. that C. who D. whom
18. We plan to increase the output of the machine 7.4 percent this year.
A. at B. in C. by D. with
19. I don’t mind out for a walk is such had weather.
A. go B. to go C. going D. gone
20. As a lawyer he spent a lot of time investigations.
A. conducted B. to conduct C. conduct D. conducting
21. The new invention is to make our daily life easier, it more difficult.
A. not to make B. not make C. not making D. do not make
22. , the old men had a sharp ear for even the slight sound.
A. As he was blind B. As blind as he was C. Blind as he was D.As he was just blind
23. I a little earlier, but I met a friend of mine on the way.
A. should arrive B. would be arriving C. could have arrived D. arrived
24. The news our football team had won the match excited all of us.
A. what B. which C. that D. as
25. Henry looked very much when he was caught cheating in the exam.
A. discouraged B. embarrassed C. disappointed D. pleased
26. We are interested in the weather because it us so directly.
A. benefits B. affects C. guides D. effects
27. Janet, was read by the teacher, is a top student in our class.
A. the composition of hers B. the composition of whom
C. her composition D. whose composition
28. Hardly had he entered the classroom the bell rang
A. than B. then C. when D. so
29. I would rather you to the party with her.
A. go B. went C. will go D. has gone
30. His English was so poor that he found it difficult to make himself .
A. understood B. understand C. be understood D. to understand
31. The sun heats the earth, makes it possible for plants to grow.
A. that B. where C. which D. what
32. Little that the police are about to arrest him.
A. does he know B. he knows C. he doesn’t know D. he didn’t know
33. It’s high time we something to stop road accidents.
A. are doing B. did C. will do D. do
34. This is the best novel I have ever read.
A. which B. where C. that D. what
35. It’s necessary that the problem in some way or other.
A. is settled B. has been settled C. be settled D. was settled
36. you say, I am sure that young man is innocent.
A. Whatever B. Whoever C. However D. Wherever
37. Staying in a hotel costs renting a room in an apartment for a work.
A. twice as more as B. as more twice as C. twice as much as D. as much as twice
38. John puts up his hand the teacher asks a question.
A. every time B. in time C. some time D. at times
39. When you are free this afternoon, please help me to have these letters .
A. to mail B. mail C. mailed D. mailing
40. I wish you here last night. All of us were waiting for your arrival.
A. came B. had come C. come D. will come
41. By the time you arrive in London, we in Europe for two weeks.
A. shall stay B. will have attended C. have stayed D. have been staying
42. I didn’t see him at the meeting yesterday afternoon. He it.
A. mustn’t attend B. can’t have attended
C. wouldn’t have attended D. needn’t have attended
43. I think there’s no comparison between the two cars, one clearly far better than the other.
A. being B. was C. having been D. be
44. Many of his novels are reported into several foreign languages last year.
A. to be translated B. to translate
C. being translated D. to have been translated
45. Mary said it was box for me to carry.
A. a too heavy B. too a heavy C. too heavy a D. too heavy
46. The children are required not to leave the building unless to do so.
A. being told B. they will be told C. be told D. told
47. I’ve never seen the young man next to the director.
A. sits B. sat C. sitting D. to sit
48. We object carrying out the plan.
A. for B. to be C. about D. to
49. Shanghai has experienced such great changes that everyone can recognize that it is no longer
A. what it used to B. that it used to like
C. the same it used to be D. what it used to be
50. He bought a new mobile phone lat Sunday, because his old one .
A. had stolen B. had been stolen C. was stolen D. stolen
Part III. Reading Comprehension(40 points)
There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.
Who takes care of the elderly in the United States today? The fact is that family members provide over 80% of the care that elderly people need. In most cases the elderly live in their own homes. A very small percentage of America's elderly live in nursing homes.
Samuel Preston, a sociologist at the University of Pennsylvania, studied how the American family is changing. He reported that by the time the average American couple reaches about 40 years of age, their parents are usually still alive. The statistics show the change in lifestyles and responsibilities of aging (老龄化) Americans. The average middle-aged couple can look forward to caring for elderly parents sometime after their own children have grown up. Moreover, because people today live longer after an illness than people did years ago, family members must provide long-term care. These facts also mean that after caregivers provide for their elderly parents, who will eventually die, they will be old and may require care too. When they do, their spouses (配偶) will probably take care of them because they have had fewer children than their parents did.
Because Americans are living longer than ever, more social workers have begun to study ways of caregiving to improve the care of the elderly. They have found that all caregivers share a common characteristic: They believe that they are the best people for the job. The social workers have also discovered three basic reasons why the caregivers take on the responsibility of caring for an elderly, dependent relative. Many caregivers believe they had an obligation (职责) to help their relatives. Some think that helping others makes them feel more useful. Others hope that by helping someone now, they will deserve care when they become old and dependent.
51. Samuel Preston’s study shows that ________ .
A. lifestyles and responsibilities of the elderly are not changing
B. most American couples over 40 have no living parents
C. middle-aged Americans have to take care of their children and parents at the same time
D. elderly people may need care for a long time because they live longer after an illness
52. Who will most probably take care of the middle-aged Americans when they need care themselves?
A. They themselves B. Their close friends. C. Their children. D. Their husbands or wives.
53. All caregivers believe that they can ________ .
A. care for their elderly parents better than any other people
B. keep closer to their old parents by this means
C. do much better if they have a job as social workers
D. improve the care of the elderly with the help of the social workers
54. Which of the following is NOT a reason why people look after their relatives?
A. They feel they are of use to other people.
B. They want to set an example to their children.
C. They think it is their duty to help their relatives.
D. They hope they deserve care when they need it.
55. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Most old people live longer today after an illness than people did years ago.
B. Many old people are put into nursing homes by their families, who do not visit them regularly.
C. Most elderly people are taken care of by their families, who assume the responsibility for different reasons.
D. Most elderly people are satisfied with the better ways of care giving that social workers have come up with.
I once knew a young man, nineteen years of age, who lived with absolute outward (外表的) confidence and self-possession for a number of years before I discovered that he could not read or write. His various methods of trick, which were also skills of self-protection, were so skillful and so desperate (绝望) that neither I nor any of his other adult friends were aware of his entire helplessness in face of written words until we went to dinner one night at a local restaurant——and suddenly discovered that he could not read.
Even here, it was not the first time we went out to eat, but something like the second or third, that Peter's desperation shocked me. The first time, he was clever enough to cover the truth. He studied the menu for a moment, then looked up to the waitress and asked her if he could have “just a coke and a hamburger”. He told me later that he had done the same thing many times before and that he had learned to act as if he were examining the menu: “Then I ask for a coke and a hamburger....Sometimes they give me a hamburger on a plate with salad and potatoes....Then I ask them for a roll and make my own hamburger.”
As we began to go out to eat more frequently, Peter would ask to go to Howard Johnson's. I soon discovered the reason for his choice: The photographs, attached in cellophane (玻璃纸) containers to each of the standard items on the menu, could help him not to struggle with the shape of words at all. Howard Johnson's, whether intentionally or not, had provided the perfect escape for the endangered pride of an adult who was illiterate (文盲).
56. When he went to a restaurant, Peter would ________ .
A. pretend that he could not read or write B. pretend to be studying the menu
C. be desperate for help from other people D. protect himself by playing a musical instrument
57. The young man was not found to be illiterate until ________ .
A. he dined out with his adult friends at Howard Johnson's.
B. he could no longer come up with various ways of deception.
C. he had dinner with his friends at a certain local restaurant for the second or third time.
D. he was not careful enough to be aware of his entire helplessness in face of written words.
58. What did the young man usually have at a restaurant?
A. Standard items on the menu B. Foods that other people ordered
C. A hamburger made by himself D. A coke and a hamburger
59. The word “self-possession” (Para. 1) probably means ________ .
A. self-confidence B. self-consciousness C. self-discipline D. self-devotion
60. Why did the young man like to go to Howard Johnson's?
A. Howard Johnson's provided a perfect escape when anything dangerous should happen.
B. The menu at Howard Johnson's gave a clear introduction of the food it served.
C. The photographs attached to the main items on the menu helped conceal his illiteracy.
D. He would feel at ease because eaters at Howard Johnson's were all adult non-readers.
After practicing as a surgeon for several years, Dr. Giroux decided to apply for membership in the American College of Surgeons (美国外科医生学会), a highly selective and distinguished (著名的) professional organization.
As part of the application procedure (手续), Dr. Giroux was asked to prepare a list of all the operations performed in the previous seven years. Slowly, as she worked on the long list, she began to feel uncertain. She began to question some of her decisions. Had she used the best technique in that case? Maybe, in this case, she should have given one more test before operating? On the other hand, maybe she should have....Would the doctors on the selection committee understand that, as the only trained surgeon in the area, she usually could not get advice from others and therefore, had to rely completely on her own judgment? For the first time, Dr. Giroux felt lonely and isolated.
The longer Dr. Giroux worked on the application forms, the more depressed she became. As hope faded, she wondered if a “country doctor” had a realistic chance of being accepted by the American College of Surgeons.
61. Dr. Giroux was working in ________ .
A. a large city B. the American College of Surgeons
C. an area far from any big city D. a selective organization
62. It was most probable that Dr. Giroux was ________ .
A. a member in that organization B. a well-trained surgeon
C. a graduate from American College of Surgeons D. a distinguished surgeon in America
63. When she was filling the application forms, Dr. Giroux began to be ________ .
A. realistic B. depressed C. puzzled D. decisive
64. The application forms must include ________ .
A. the decision procedure B. the college achievements
C. the best technique D. a list of advice and judgments
65. When filling the forms, Dr. Giroux felt depressed because ________.
A. she didn't perform enough operations
B. some operations were unsuccessful
C. she didn't get advice from the selection committee
D. she was doubtful about her previous operations
Are some people born clever and others born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experience? Strangely enough, the answer to these questions is yes. To some extent our intelligence is given to us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius out of a child born with low intelligence. On the other hand, a child who lives in a boring environment will develop his intelligence less than one who lives in rich and varied surroundings. Thus the limits of a person's intelligence are fixed at birth, whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his environment. This view, now held by most experts, can be supported in a number of ways.
It is easy to show that intelligence is to some extent something we are born with. The closer the blood relationship between two people is, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence. Thus if we take two unrelated people at random from the population, it is likely that their degree of intelligence will be completely different. If, on the other hand, we take two identical twins, they will very likely be as intelligent as each other. Relations like brothers and sisters, parents and children, usually have similar intelligence, and this clearly suggests that intelligence depend on birth.
Imagine now that we take two identical twins and put them in different environments. We might send one, for example, to a university and the other to a factory where the work is boring. We would soon find differences in their intelligence developing, and this indicates that environment as well as birth plays a part. This conclusion is also suggested by the fact that people who live in close contact with each other, but who are not related at all are likely to have similar degree of intelligence.
66. If a child is born with low intelligence, he can ________ .
A. not reach his intelligence in his life
B. go beyond his intelligence limits in rich surroundings
C. still become a genius if he should be given special education
D. become a genius
67. “if we take two unrelated people at random from the population” (Para. 2 ) means if we ________ .
A. choose two persons with different intelligence B. choose two persons who are relative
C. take out two persons of close relationship D. pick any two persons
68. The example of the twins going to a university and to a factory separately shows ________ .
A. the part that birth plays B. the importance of their positions
C. the role of environment on intelligence D. the importance of their intelligence
69. The writer is in favor of the view that man's intelligence is given to him ________ .
A. neither at birth nor through education B. through education
C. both at birth and through education D. at birth
70. The best title of this passage can be ________ .
A. Effect of Education B. Dependence on Environment
C. Intelligence D. Surroundings
Part Ⅳ Cloze(20 points)
There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C, D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.
Earthquakes are something that most people fear. There are some places that have 71
or no earthquakes. Most places in the world, 72
, have them regularly. Some places, 73
Iran and Guatemala have them frequently. Countries that have a lot of earthquakes are usually quite 74
The earthquake that the people most 75
about in the United States was the one happening in San Francisco in 1906.Over 500 people died 76
it. The strongest one in North America was in 1964.It happened in Alaska.
Strong earthquakes are not always the ones that kill 77
.In 1755,one of the strongest earthquakes ever 78
happened in Portugal. Around 20,000 people died.
In 1923, a very powerful earthquake 79
the Tokyo-Yokohama area of Japan. A hundred and forty thousand people died. Most of them died in fires which 80
One of the 81
earthquakes ever was in China in 1976.It killed 82
people. The most destructive(破坏性的) earthquake ever reported was also in China.400,000 people were killed or 83
in this quake, which happened in 1556.
Earthquakes are 84
which people fear. Floods and tidal waves also cause people to be 85
, as 86
like typhoons and cyclones(飓风).Sometimes these things cause lots of deaths. In 1970, a cyclone and tidal wave killed over 200,000 in Pakistan.
These kinds of things make people afraid and they are very dangerous. But they probably do not worry people 87
earthquakes do, especially in these modem times. The reason is 88
we often know they are coming, because we have some 89
.Some day we may be able to know an earthquake is coming .So far, however, there is no sure way to 90
an earthquake. When one comes, it is a surprise. People cannot prepare for it.
71. A. less B. much C. few D. little
72. A. therefore B. however C. for that D. likewise
73. A. so far as B. as C. except for D. like
74. A. mysterious B. portable C. mountainous D. movable
75. A. talking B. talks C. talked D. talk
76. A. in B. over C. of D. for
77. A. most B. the majority C. most the people D. the most people
78. A. broken out B. exploded C. recorded D. brought about
79. A. hindered B. imposed C. happened D. hit
80. A. participated B. invested C. followed D. pursued
81. A. maximum B. worst C. heaviest D. mature
82. A. a large sum of B. a great deal of C. a large number of D. a large amount of
83. A. damaged B. injured C. harmed D. wrecked
84. A. not only the acts of nature B. not only the nature of acts
C. not only acts of the nature D. not the only acts of nature
85. A. feared B. surprised C. confused D. afraid
86. A. the bad storm did B. do the bad storms
C. the storms did badly D. the bad storms do
87. A. as many as B. as much as C. so many as D. as more as
88. A. because B. why C. that D. whether
89. A. warnings B. clues C. symbols D. evidences
90. A. advocate B. proclaim C. put forward D. predict
Part V Translation (20 points)
Directions：There are 5 sentences in this section. Please translate them from Chinese into English.
Directions：There are 5 sentences in this section. Please translate them from English into Chinese.
96. Whenever our motherland needs me, I will respond to her call.
97. It is obvious that the development of science and technology is vital to the modernization of China.
98. She refused to hand over the car keys to her husband until he had promised to wear his safety belt.
99. Quite a few young people nowadays have the habit of listening to background music while doing their homework.
100. As far as the method itself is concerned, it is worth trying.
Part VI. Writing (20 points)
For this part, you are required to write a composition on the topic“Money”.You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the Chinese outline given below.
2.有人认为金钱是万恶之源（the source of all crimes）