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河南专升本公共英语命题预测试卷(三)

河南专升本公共英语命题预测试卷(三)

Part I Vocabulary and grammar
 1. The temperature will rise to 33 degrees Fahrenheit, _______ point ice will begin to melt.
A. which    B. at which    C. whose      D. at whose
 2. —Excuse me, Miss, _______ may I share your table?   
—Of course. Be my guest.
A. so      B. and       C. but      D. yet
 3. —Are you satisfied with what Alice did?
—Not a little. It couldn’t be _______.
A. any better B. any worse     C. so well        D. so bad
 4. They donated most of their money to Project Hope _______ they themselves were not rich.
A. as long as B. as soon as     C. as though     D. even though
 5. Thank you very much! But for your help, I _______ the task on time.   
A. mustn’t have finished       B. shouldn’t have finished  
C. wouldn’t have finished      D. needn’t have finished
 6. _______ the safety of pedestrians, the city government is considering _______ the traffic regulations.  
A. Ensuring; adopting           B. To ensure; to adopt
C. Ensuring; to adopt             D. To ensure; adopting  
7. The twins look so alike that it is often difficult to distinguish one from _______.
A. another B. others         C. the other      D. the others
 8. Mr Brown couldn’t understand _______ made his wife spend so much time in making up.
A. what it was that        B. why it was that     
C. how that was          D. what was it
 9. We Chinese are all proud of _______ our country has achieved over the past sixty years.
A. that        B. what       C. which         D. how
10. The conference will _______ how to prevent the spread of AIDS throughout the world.
A. focus on   B. depend on     C. take on     D. hold on
11. —Are you going to fly to Guangzhou to attend the trade fair this weekend?
—Yes, but we _______ the tickets.   
   A. weren’t booking          B. haven’t booked   
C. wouldn’t book          D. hadn’t booked
12. Please calm down and let me ______! I didn’t really want to eat all the apples; I just couldn’t help myself.
A. react     B. reply          C. explain        D. insist
13. Your idea ______ very interesting. I will have a try and maybe I will succeed.    
A. sounds      B. is sounded      C. is sounding    D. was sounded
14. —How do you find the dishes I prepared for you last night?
—_______, really. I didn’t know you were such a good cook.
A. Nothing worse           B. Just in the kitchen
C. Sorry, so-so              D. Much to my taste
15. —Bad luck! I failed in the driving test yesterday.
—_______ the great efforts you’ve made?
A. Despite   B. Rather than     C. Assuming      D. Thanks to
16. If you _______ let me pay the bill today, then at least allow my driving you home.
A. shouldn’t   B. won’t         C. daren’t      D. mustn’t
17. It was that very night that I received a call and _______ that my lost car had been found.
A. was told     B. told      C. was telling   D. tell
18. Not only _______ diligently but also _______ very friendly and considerate as well.
A. she studies; is she            B. does she study; she is
C. she studies; she is            D. does she study; is she
19. Let us stay in your office to read newspapers and magazines for a while, _______?
A. shall we B. will you     C. can we      D. do you
20. She claimed 200 dollars _______ him _______ injuries she had suffered.
A. for; of      B. from; of       C. from; for    D. for; from
21. Exploring ________space is exciting, yet dangerous. There is ________need for both robots and humans for space exploration.
A. the; a   B. a; a      
C. /; a   D. /; the
22. Scientific research results can now be quickly ________ to factory production.
A.used     B.applied
C.tried     D.practiced
23. Computer has become a(n) ________ part of my life, without which I can hardly deal with my job.
A.special       B.specific
C.essential      D.especial
24. I ________ on a sofa because my grandparents have been here for the weekend.
A. slept   B. was sleeping
C. have slept   D. am sleeping
25. I'm interested in a one­bed room. Do you have any ________?
A.convenient    B.available
C.possible    D.personal
26. The further falling of the stock market as reported today has ________ a fresh wave of selling.
A.given off      B.set off   
C.put off      D.got off
27. The incomes of skilled workers went up. ________, unskilled workers saw their earnings fall.
A. Moreover   B. Therefore
C. Meanwhile   D. Otherwise
28. You may imagine what great difficulty I had________complicated ideas in simple English.
A.expressing    B.to express
C.expressed    D.express
29.  Thanks to Mr. Smith the father and the son eventually________after ten years' cold relationship between them.
A.took up    B.made up
C.looked up    D.turned up
30.He ________ whether the articles exhibited at the back of the department store were for sale.
A.demanded     B. decided
C.required     D.requested
31.—Shirley, can I have a look at your photos?
—________.Here you are.
A.By any means     B.By no means    
C.By this means      D.By all means
32. I hadn't seen him for 10 years but I ________ him at first sight.
A. realized      B. spotted      C. watched     D. observed
33. ________while writing, he locked himself in his study.
A.Not to interrupt      B.Not being interrupted
C.Not to be interrupted     D.Being not interrupted
34. If we keep wasting so much energy, ________are that our oil wells will dry up and the environment will be destroyed.
A. problems   B. difficulties
C. questions   D. chances
35. —Andrew won't like it, you know.
—________? I don't care what Andrew thinks!
A. So what    B. So where     C. So why     D. So which
                    
36.— What do you think of the furniture on exhibition?
    — Well, great! But I don’t think much of ____ you bought.
   A.the one         B.it           C.that     D.which   
37.Do you know how much time and effort they devoted ______ such a completed project?
A. to complete B. completed
C. completing D. to completing
38.________ yourself with positive people and you will keep focused on what you can do instead of what you can’t.
A. Surrounding       B. Surrounded     C. Surround      D. Having surrounded
39.If you are the last student ______ the room, remember to turn off the lights.
A. leaving B. to leave C. left D. leaves
40.______ several times, but he still doesn’t know how to do it properly.
A. Being shown B. Having shown
C. Having been shown D. I’ve shown him  
Part II Cloze
Elizabeth Clay decided to go home and spend the holiday with her parents. The next day she drove her old car home along the road. __41__ she found she got a flat. The 22-year-old student __42__ to stop her car by the side of the road in the winter night and opened the trunk. No __43__ tire.
  At this time, a car __44__. Paul and Diane told Clay to _45__ them to a service station near their __46__. They arrived to see that it had no suitable tires to __47__ with her car. "Follow us home." said Paul.
  The couple called around to find a tire. No, __48__. They decided to let her use their own car, "here," Paul said, handing Clay a __49__ of keys, "Take our car. We __50__ be using it over the holiday."
  Clay was __51__. "But I'm going all the way to South Carolina, and I'll be gone for two weeks." she __52__ them.
  "We know." Paul said, "We'll be __53__ when you get back. Here's our number if you need to __54__ us."
   Unable to believe her eyes, Clay watched at the __55__ put her luggage into their car and then __56__ her off. Two weeks later she __57__ to find her old car cleaned inside and out with three new tires and the radio __58__.
  "Thank you so much," she said. "How much do I __59__ you?" "Oh, no," Paul said, "We don't want any money. It's our __60__." Clay realized that while it might have been their pleasure, it was now her duty to pass on their "do unto others" spirit.
  41. A. Suddenly      B. Finally        C. Immediately    D. Fortunately
  42. A. afforded       B. wanted       C. allowed        D. managed
  43. A. spare          B. free           C. full            D. empty
  44. A. passed       B. stopped      C. paused       D. started
  45. A. help          B. push         C. take          D. follow
  46. A. garage        B. house        C. shop          D. hotel
  47. A. agree          B. match       C. go           D. deal
  48. A. way           B. message      C. success       D. luck
  49. A. set            B. number     C. pair          D. chain
  50. A. can't         B. shouldn't     C. mustn't        D. won't
  51. A. satisfied       B. worried      C. astonished   D. disturbed
  52. A. persuaded  B. advised      C. reminded      D. promised
  53. A. happy          B. here          C. away          D. busy
  54. A. get in touch with                B. keep in touch with
  C. be in touch with              D. put in touch with
  55. A. repairmen      B. cleaner        C. friends         D. couple
  56. A. sent          B. shook        C. watched       D. drove
  57. A. shocked      B. happened  C. returned       D. came
  58. A. loaded         B. fixed         C. tied           D. rebuilt
  59. A. owe           B. lend          C. give           D. offer
  60. A. wish          B. job           C. duty          D. pleasure
  
Part III Reading comprehension
 
Passage 1
 
For years, business people in Western Europe were worried. They knew they could not compete against business from the U. S. The United States is much larger and had many more resources than any Western European country.
Some European people realized that the European nations need to join together to help each other. If they could forget their language differences and the differences in customs, they might become strong competition against other countries.
In 1958, six of the European countries----Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany and Italy got together and decided to cooperate(合作). They called their group the European Economic Community, or the Common Market. These countries agreed to join their resources together.
Within a few years, the European Economic Community had worked so well that its members were more prosperous(繁荣) than many other European nations. Soon, other nations began to realize the advantages(好处) of the Common Market. Today the Common Market includes most of the important countries in Western Europe. It is helping Western Europe to again take its place as a leader among the industrial nations of the world.
61.From the passage we know the U. S. is much richer than ______ in resources.
A.any other Western European countries
B.any other country in Western Europe
C.any country in Western Europe
D.every country in Europe
 
62.The members of the European Economic Community have developed fast because they ______ .
A.share their resources and produce more goods
B.can again take the place as a leader
C.forget the differences in their languages and customs
D.have become strong competition against the U. S.
63.Which statement is true?
A.The Common Market is only a political association(联盟).
B.The Common Market is an economic and political association.
C.The Common Market is only an economic association.
D.The Common Market is neither an economic association nor a political one.
64.In order to ______ the Western European countries decided to cooperate.
A.join together to found a united country
B.help each other to smooth away the differences in customs
C.work and act together for common purpose
D.fight against the U.S.
 
65.Today the Common Market has helped ______ again take the place as a leader among the industrial nations of the world.
A.Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany and Italy
B.Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Italy and other countries
C.Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Italy and other European countries
D.Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Italy and other Western European nations
 
Passage 2
 
Perhaps the most famous theory, the study of body movement, was suggested by Professor Ray Birdwhistell. He believes that physical appearance is often culturally(文化的)programmed. In other words, we learn our looks ---- we are not born with them. A baby has generally unformed face features(特征). A baby, according to Birdwhistle, learns where to set the eyebrows(眉毛)by looking at those around ---- family and friends. This helps explain why the people of some areas of the United States look so much alike, New Englanders or Southerners have certain common face features that cannot be explained by genetics(遗传学). The exact shape of the mouth is not set at birth, it is learned after. In fact, the final mouth shape is not formed until well after new teeth are set. For many, this can be well into grown-ups. A husband and wife together for a long time often come to look somewhat alike. We learn our looks from those around us. This is perhaps why in a single country there are areas where people smile more than those in other areas. In the United States, for example, the South is the part of the country where the people smile most frequently. In New England they smile less, and in the western part of New York State still less. Many Southerners find cities such as New York cold and unfriendly, partly because people on Madison Avenue smile less than people on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgi A.People in largely populated areas also smile and greet each other in public less than do people in small towns.
66.Ray Birdwhistle believes physical appearance          
A.has little to do with culture.
B.has much to do with culture.
C.is ever changing.
D.is different from place to place
67.According to the passage, the final mouth shape is formed            
A.before birth.
B.as soon as one's teeth are newly set.
C.sometime after new teeth are set.
D.around 15 years old.
68.Ray Birdwhistle can tell what area of the United States a person is from by            
A.how much he or she smiles.
B.how he or she raises his or her eyebrows.
C.what he or she likes best.
D.the way he or she talks.
69.People who live ______ are more friendly
A.in largely populated areas
B.in New York city
C.in the country
D.in the North
70.This passage might have been taken out of a book dealing with                
A.physics
B.chemistry
C.biology
D.none of the above
Passage 3
 
Over two thousand years ago Rome(罗马)was the center of a huge empire. The Romans needed a way to move their large armies quickly so that they could protect their huge country. They needed land trade routes, so they joined all parts of their empire by a net-work of roads(公路网). Beginning in 300 B.C., the Romans built roads in Europe, Asia and North Africa. By 200A.D., they had built 50, 000 miles of almost straight roads.
To build their roads, the Romans moved away all soft soil. They dug until they reached hard ground. Then they added layers(层)of stone and other things. The most important roads were paved(铺设)with large flat(平)stones. Main Roman roads were sometimes as wide as ours today.
To build their roads, the Romans sometimes had to dig tunnels through mountains. But they didn't have any machines to help them. So they heated the rock with fire and then threw cold water over it. When the rock cracked(裂), they dug it out. Roman soldiers and slaves built the roads with their hands and simple tools, but the roads were so well built that they were used for hundreds of years.
71.The story tells us ______ .
A.building roads without modern machines was Roman soldiers’ only job
B.it was no easy job for the Romans to build their roads
C.people in advanced countries still use the old Roman way to build their roads today
D.most people in the African countries still use the old Roman way to dig their tunnels through the mountains
72.To build mountain roads, the old Romans had to ______ .
A.explode the rock before they started to dig
B.crack the rock with fire and cold water
C.dig through the hard rock with their hands
D.invent some machines to help them with the work
73.On the whole, the story is about ______ .
A.how to build up our modern roads today
B.Roman tools in building a wide straight road
C.the Romans’ roads built two thousand years ago
D.the reason why the Romans had to build their roads
74.Why did the Romans build so many roads at that time? It was because ______ .
A.their slaves and soldiers had to do something, or, they would have nothing to do
B.they dared not sail in the ocean and the roads were their only choice
C.they needed land trade roads and the roads to move their grand armies as quickly as possible
D.the old Romans wanted to show how clever they were in building the roads
75.According to the passage, which of the following four choices is correct?
A.The old Romans found soft soil did not make a solid base for the road.
B.The Romans built roads only on flat(平)land
C.Flat stones were mostly used in the roads of Asia
D.The old Romans used to make use of the soft soil for the base of their roads in North Africa
  
Passage 4
 
In sport the sexes(性别)are separate. Women and men do not run or swim in the same races. Women are less strong than men. That at least is what people say. Women are called the weaker sex, or, if men want to please them, the fair sex. But boys and girls are taught together at schools and universities. There are women who are famous Prime Ministers, scientists and writers. And women live longer than men . A European woman can expect to live until the age of 74, a man only until he is 68.Are women's bodies really weaker?
The fastest men can run a mile in under 4 minutes. The best women need 4.5 minutes. Women's time are always slower than men's, but some facts are a surprise. Some of the fastest women swimmers today are teenage girls. One of them swam 400 metres in 4 minutes 21.2 seconds when she was only 16.The first‘Tartan’in film was an Olympic swimmer, Johnny Weissmuller. His fastest 400 metres was 4 minutes 49.1 seconds, which is 37.9 seconds slower than a girl 50 years later! This does not mean that women are catching men up. Conditions are very different now and sport is much more serious. It is so serious that some women athletes are given hormone (荷尔蒙)injections(注射). At the Olympics a doctor has to check whether the women athletes are really women or not. It seems sad that sport has such problems. Life can be very complicated(复杂的) when there are two separate sexes!
76.Women are called the weaker sex because ______ .
A.women do as much as men
B.people think women are weaker than men
C.sport is easier for men than for women
D.in sport the two sexes are always together
77.Which of the following is true?
A.Boys and girls study separately everywhere.
B.Women do not run or swim in races with men.
C. Famous Prime Ministers are women .
D.Men can expect to live longer than women in Europe.
 
78.“That at least is what people say”means people ______ .
A.say other things , too
B.don't say this much
C.say this but may not think so
D.only think this
79.What problems does sport have?
A.Some women athletes are actually men.
B.Some women athletes are given hormone injections.
C.Women and men do not run or swim in the same races.
D.It is difficult to check whether women athletes are really women.
80.In this passage the author implies that ______
A.women are weaker than wen , but faster
B.women are slower than men, but stronger
C.men are not always stronger and faster than women
D.men are faster and stronger than women
 Part IV Translation
汉译英:
81. 你经常开着灯睡觉吗?
                                                                                          
82. 你是通过参加英语俱乐部的形式来学习英语的吗?
                                                                                        
83. 他宁愿呆在家里读一本好书,而不愿去参加聚会。
                                                                                
84. 老师不喜欢上课迟到的学生
                                                                                          
85. 这儿有太多的噪音,让我们去安静的地方
                                                                                     
86.Would you mind if I went home early?
                                                                                             
87.She caught sigh of a car in the distance.
                                                                                          
88.You will be informed when the book becomes available.
                                                                                        
89.He had some good things to say about people who do hard physical work.
                                                                                     
90.He now believes that every young person should be required to spend at least half a year in the world of work before starting university studies.
                                                                                          
 
 
 
Part  V Error correction
91. Today , I got a letter that said I had been admitting to a college.                                    
     A         B    C            D
92. We are organizing a discussion on the difference social values between university students in
            A                        B                 C
China and the U.S.                                                                                  
            D
93. We were young men when we first met in London, poor, struggle, full of hope and ideas.
                     A        B                   C      D
                                                                                                         
94. When families gather for Christmas dinner, some will stick to formal traditions dated back to
           A                                     B    C                 D
grandma's generation.                                                                                    
95. This is a picture of our schoolyard and between the rows of trees stand the teaching building.
       A                            B                   C          D
                                                                                  
96. The book writing by the famous writer is being printed at the factory.
               A       B                      C       D
97.Everyone agreed to his suggestion which we should hold a meeting to talk
       A                                B               C                D
about the problem.                                                                        
98. We’ll never forget the days when we spend on the beach.                         
                          A     B        C    D
99. .Hardly had he sat down than the film began.                                     
     A            B         C             D   
100. He knew almost everything about that village because he brought up there.
               A       B                                        C    D
                                                                                     
 
Part  VI Writing
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short complaint letter to a manager.
内容提示:林涛在一家商店购得一款劣质手机,遂与营业员交涉。但该营业员对他态度粗暴,不予受理,林涛为此向经理写一封投诉信。
January 3rd,2010
Dear Manager,

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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