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2001年河南专升本公共英语考试真题及答案

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  • 关键字: 招生简章

Part I. Vocabulary and Structure (25 pints)

Directions:there are 25 incomplete sentences in this part,for each sentences there four choices marked A,B,C,and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence and tick it off on the answer sheet.

1. My English teacher warned me_____ Chinese in the classroom.

A. to not speak B. don't speak C. to speak not D. not to speak

2. It is very important that enough money _____to found the project.

A. be collected B. must be collected C. is collected D. can be collected

3. _____closed his eyes than the doorbell rang.

A. Hardly had he B. Scarcely he had C. No sooner had he D. As soon as he had

4. _____we have finished the course, we shall start doing some revision work.

A. Now that B. Since then C. For now D. By now

5. Johnson seldom tells his parents where he goes, _____?

A. doesn't he B. does he C. has he D. hasn't he

6. I forgot _____an umbrella with me when I left home for work.

A. take B. to take C. taking D. took

7. To be frank, _____is a great joy for me to win the prize.

A. this B. that C. it D. there

8. You _____her in her office last Friday, she's been out of town for two weeks.

A. needn't have seen B. must have seen C. mustn't have seen D. can't have seen

9. It_____ exactly thirty years since I graduated from college.

A. was B. has been C. was be D. had been

10.He was asked to speak louder_____ all the students in the classroom could hear him.

A. as B. so as to C. so that D. than

11.Tom succeeded in getting a_____ of $3,000 from the bank to buy a new house.

A. debt B. found C. loan D. payment

12.The_____into the fire accident was carried out by two policemen.

A. question B. doubt C. investigation D. information

13.We advised them to take a rest, but they _____on finishing the work.

A. insisted B. persisted C. existed D. resisted

14.Not being able to speak English, they felt rather_____ in the USA.

A. strange B. puzzled C. lone D. lonely

15.The manager of our company asked me if it was possible for me to_____ the marketing plan

within a week.

A. set out B. work out C. make out D. put out

16.____your help, I could not have finished my work so early.

A. With B. By C. For D. Without

17.Having a good command of English is_____ an easy thing.

A. by all means B. by any means

C. by every means D. by no means

18.It's no use _____ about the bad service in this hotel.

A. complaining B. complain C. to complain D. to be complained

19.The foreign guests said that they were very happy ____the great changes which had taken place

in the village.

A. to B. for C. about D. by

20.Problems may ____ when people have no knowledge of the law.

A. rise B. jump C. arise D. lift

21.He said that he was ____aware of the difficulty of being a father.

A. highly B. fully C. soundly D. firmly

22.I really hope that you will ____your trip to Canada and get back as soon as possible.

A. prefer B. refer C. enjoy D. infer

23.Such problem ____ air, water, and noise pollutions are becoming more and more serious in some

big cities.

A. like B. as C. of D. about

24.Television keeps us informed about ____ events and the latest developments in politics and science.

A. current B. past C. fashionable D. new

25.As there was a power failure in the hospital, the doctor had to ____ the operation.

A. call for B. call off C. call on D. call out

Part II. Reading Comprehension(30 points)

Direction: Each of the passage below is followed by five question. For each question there are four answers marked a, b, c, and d. Choose the best answer to each of the question and tick it off on the ANSWER SHEET.

Passage One

Over the last twenty years, the English language has become the nearest thing to an international language for the world. Since 1960 there has been an increase of 40% in the people using English, so that it is now estimated that approximately 350 million people speak English as there first language, and about the same number of people speak it as their second language. It's the language of aviation(航空) with pilots being trained in English so they can understand flight controllers at international airports across the world. It's the language of sport with many international rules and commentaries(评论) being written and given in English. It's also the language of pop music because it rhymes easily and the words are short. And the most popular music groups come from America or England. In addition,75% of the world’s mail is written in English;60% of the world’s radio stations now broadcast in English. Forty-four countries have English as their official language. In fact nowadays, if you are thinking of expanding your business outside of your own country, there is a strong chance that you will conduct that business in English. You'll be at a disadvantage if you don't speak it.

26. What is the passage mainly about?

A. the importance of English in the world

B. the number of the world's radio stations broadcasting in English

C. the number of people speaking English

D. English as a language of pop music

27. How many people speak English as their second language?

A. 250 million B. 100 million

C. 350 million D. 400 million

28. Why is English the language of sport in the world?

A. Because a large number of Americans love sports

B. Because the rules for international games are written in English.

C. Because the international games are often held in America.

D. Because the Americans write the rules for the international games.

29. What does the word "conduct" mean?

A. carry out B. carry through

C. carry over D. carry on

30. What is the number of the countries which have English as their official language?

A. 60 B. 75 C. 44 D. 45

Passage Two

Today, supermarkets are found in almost every large city in the world. But the first supermarket was opened only fifty years ago. It was opened in New York by a man named Michael Cullen.

A Supermarket is different from other types of stores in several ways. In supermarkets, goods are placed on open shelves. The customers choose what they want and take them to the check-out counter(付款台).This means that fewer employees are required than in other stores.

The way products are displayed(陈列) is another difference between supermarkets and many other types of stores. For example, in supermarkets, there is usually a display of small inexpensive items just in trout of the check-out counter: candies, chocolates, magazines, cheap books and so on. Why are they there?

Most customers who go to a supermarket buy from a shopping list. They know exactly what they need to buy. They shop according to a plan. By the time they reach the check-out counter, the customers are feeling pleased and relaxed because the task of shopping is finished. In this happy mood, the customers see an attractive display of inexpensive goods that were not on their shopping Lists. Now they feel like buying something just for their own pleasure and enjoyment. Many customers buy from these displays of products near the check-out counter, and this is exactly what the owner of the supermarket hopes they will do.

Another important fact in helping a customer choose what to buy is where a product is placed on a shelf. A product that is placed at eye level on a shelf sells much better than one which is placed on a lower or higher shelf. A product which is easy to see sells best. Manufacturers pay a higher price to have their products placed at eye level on the shelves.

The comfort and convenience of shopping centers is another factor which makes them popular with customers. Large parking spaces are provided, and many supermarkets stay open until very late at night.

31. According to the passage, which statement is NOT true?

A. The first supermarket was opened only half a century ago.

B. A supermarket is different from other kinds of stores in two ways.

C. The first supermarket was opened in New York.

D. Today supermarkets are found almost every big city.

32. A product that is placed______ sells best.

A. as high as one's eyes B. as high as one's waist

C. on a lower shelf D. on a higher shelf

33. According to the passage, which statement is true?

A. Supermarkets need more clerks than other stores.

B. In supermarkets goods are placed on closed shelves.

C. The customers prefer supermarkets to other kinds of stores.

D. The customers pay any clerk they meet for what they have bought in supermarkets.

34. Why do you think shopping centers attract more customers than other kinds of stores?

A. They have large parking lots and they stay open until almost midnight.

B. They have more kinds of goods.

C. They have few employees.

D. They display small inexpensive items in front of check-out counters.

35. According to the way small inexpensive items ate displayed, we can infer that the owner of a

supermarket has a good knowledge of_____

A. physiology B. biology C. psychology D biophysics

Passage Three

How men first learned to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other, and later they agreed upon certain signs called letters, which would be combined to represent those sounds and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, are called words.

The power of words, then, lies in their associations——the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words remind us of the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases.

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming use of words is what we call literary style.Above all, a real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music, and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should, therefore, learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

36.The origin of language is_____

A. a legend handed down from the past B. a question difficult to answer

C. a problem not yet solved D. a matter that is hidden or secret

37.One of the reasons why men invented certain words to express thought and actions was

that______

A. they could communicate with each other B. they could agree on certain sings

C. they could combine them D. they could write them down

38.The real power of words exists in their_____

A. properties B. peculiarity C. characteristics D. representative function

39.In expressing their thoughts, great writers are able______

A. to confound the readers B. to move men to tear

C. to move us to action D. to confuse our feelings

40.Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true?

A. His style is always charming.

B. His poems can move men to tears.

C. He is no more than a master of words.

D. He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music.

得分评卷人

Part III. Cloze(10 points)

Directions:There are 20 blanks in this part. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and tick it off on the ANSWER SHEET.

At 1:30 this morning, the local police finally caught the jewel thief whom they had been trying to trap(诱捕)for the past two months.41 the man they arrested, James smith, 42 that he was the thief, he was 43 with several diamond rings in his 44 .

The police saw Smith 45 a jewelry store on Main Street at 1:16 AM. 46 seeing the police ,Smith jumped 47 his auto ,and a high-speed chase followed for the next fourteen minutes. The police finally 48 Smith off the road ,and his 49 hit a tree.

When the police searched Smith's 50 ,they found the diamond rings 51 in an inside pocket of his jacket .Although Smith claimed that the diamonds were fake(假的),the owner of the jewelry store 52 the most 53 robbery incident happened 54 them 55 his missing jewels .

Smith is now awaiting his first visit to court in a cell in the town jail. If he does not . 56 , a jury(陪审团)will have to decide his guilt or innocence.

57 , a representative of the police stated today that they have no 58 that he will be found to be 59 .This spokesman(发言人)also stated that they hoped that the alarm 60 in the community by all the recent robberies would be calmed by Smith's arrest.

41. A. When B. If C. Until D. Although

42. A. neglected B. denied C. ignored D. rejected

43. A. captured B. chased C. tracked D. traced

44. A. safe B. possession C. provision D. cupboard

45. A. leaving B. robbing C. entering D. stealing

46. A. Over B. In C. At D. On

47. A. for B. into C. over D. off

48. A. urged B. imposed C. forced D. attempted

49. A. lorry B. motorbike C. car D. bicycle

50. A. coat B. cloth C. clothes D. costume

51. A. suspended B. covered C. recovered D. hidden

52. A. when B. where C. which D. what

53. A. recent B. popular C. former D. attractive

54. A. regarded B. accepted C. treated D. identified

55. A. with B. upon C. like D. as

56. A. behave B. prove C. confess D. exhibit

57. A. Otherwise B. However C. Or D. And

58. A. evidence B. fact C. opinion D. doubt

59. A. guilty B. sorry C. miserable D. ashamed

60. A. objected B. led C. caused D. promoted

得分评卷人

Part IV. Translation.(20 points)

Section A:

Directions: Put the following sentences into Chinese and write them down on the

ANSWER SHEET.(10%)

61.In addition, 75% of the world's mail is written in English; 60% of the world's radio stations

now broadcast in English.

62.A supermarket is different from other types of stores in several ways.

63.A product that is placed at eye level on a shelf sells much better than one which is placed on

a lower of higher shelf.

64.How men first learned to invent words is unknown, in other words, the origin of language is a mystery.

65.We should, therefore, learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

Section B:

Directions: Put the following sentences into English and write them down on the

ANSWER SHEET.(10%)

66.学好一门外语是非常重要的。

67.他花了大约半年的时间才完成这篇论文。

68.你让我做的事情我都已经做完了。

69.一旦他适应了新环境,他就会取得更大的进步。

70.无论贫富,人人都有教育的权利。

得分评卷人

Part V: Writing(15 points)

Directions:

A: Title: Hobby

B: World limit:100--120 words

C: Your composition should be based on the following OUTLINE and be written clearly and neatly.

Outline:

1.人人都有自己不同的爱好。

2.我喜欢的爱好。

3.爱好给我带来的......

2001年公共英语参考答案

PartⅠ

1-5 DACAB 6-10 BCDBC 11-15 CCABB 16-20 DDACC

21-25 BCBAB

Part Ⅱ

26-30 ACBAC 31-35 BACAC 36-40 DADBA

Part Ⅲ

41-45 ABABA 46-50 DBCCC 51-55 DBADD 56-60 CBAAC

Part Ⅳ

Section A

61. 另外,世界上75%的邮件是用英语写的;现在世界上60%的播音电台用英语广播。

62. 一家超市与其他形式的商店有所不同,体现在三四个方面。

63. 在货架上摆放与眼睛高度水平的一件商品比一件摆放在货架上更低或更高位置的商品更畅销。

64. 人类起初是如何学会发明文字是未知的,换句话说,语言的起源是一个谜。

65. 因此,我们应该学会谨慎挑选我们的话并且准确地应用我们的话,否则,我们的话会变得愚蠢和庸俗。

Section B

66. It is very important to learn a foreign language well.

67. He spent about half a year finishing the paper.

68. I have finished the things that you asked me to do.

69. Once he is used to the new environment, he will make greater progress.

70. Despite the difference between the rich and the poor, everyone has the right to be educated.

Part Ⅴ

Hobby

When it comes to hobby, different people may have different ones. Some are interested in singing, while others may love dancing. Still others may devote themselves to reading as their hobbies.

Personally speaking, my most favorite hobby is sports, just as jogging, playing basketball. After my classes, I try to spend all my spare time in sporting with some of my classmates.

As far as I am concerned, my hobby can bring me a good many benefits. First of all, I can find a lot of fun from. Secondly, sports will enable me to have a good health. In addition, good mood and relax feeling can be obtained from my hobby.

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