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2004年河南省专升本英语真题

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2004年河南省普通高等学校选拔优秀专科生进入本科阶段学习考试试题
公共英语
Part I  Vocabulary and Structure (30 points)  
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentences there are four choices marked A,B,C,and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.
1. She studied hard at school when he was young,        contributed to success in later life.
  A. so that              B. therefore           C. that               D. which
2.        a young woman, the office was empty.
  A. But for              B. Except for          C. Besides            D. Except
3. Tom is one of those students who         friendly, however, it is very hard to get along with him.
  A. is appeared to be     B. are appeared to be    C. appears to be       D. appear to be
4. Smart         he is, he can’t find the answer to the question.
  A. like                B. as                C. that               D. how
5.        , we had to stay at home.
  A. Is was a hot day       B. The day being hot   C. Which have a hot day D. Being a hot day
6.        , your advice yesterday, I would have missed the train.
  A. Had I not taken                          B. If I didn’t take      
C. If I haven’t taken                        D. Provided I didn’t take
7. They liked the area, but they could not        the traffic noise.
  A. get on with           B. put up with         C. put on with        D. get up with
8. Some people consider         cruel to use animals for experiment.
  A. that it               B. it                 C. it be              D. it being
9. I was surprised to find his article on such an       topic so       .
  A. excited, boring        B. exciting, boring      C. excited, bored      D. exciting, bored
10. The fact is              exists no life on the moon.
  A. that                 B. where             C. there              D. that there
11. You can speak         in front of George, but you can’t eat        in his restaurant.
  A. freely, free           B. free, freely         C. free, free          D. freely, freely
12. His speech was so interesting that it was constantly          by applause.
  A. interfered            B. interrupted         C. trouble            D. disturbed
13. He has planned to         some money every month so that he can buy a house in the future.
  A. set aside             B. set up             C. set in             D. set along
14. He used to get up at six in the morning,              ?
  A. used he              B. did he             C. didn’t he          D. should he
15. They found the lecture hard        .
  A. to be understood      B. to understand       C. for being understood D. for understanding
16. Finally the accused confessed to        the girl.
  A. kill                 B. killing            C. have killed        D. having killed
17. Between you and me that boy of Mary’s was          .
  A. as fat as strong       B. fatter than stronger C. more fat than strong D. not so fat as strong
18. Tom got very angry when he realized he         .
  A. was being made fun of B. is made fun of      C. had made fun of     D. has been made fun of
19. I vaguely remember          something like that.
  A. that he had said        B. him having said     C. his saying         D. him to say
20. He tried to make up              the lost time         staying up late.
  A. with, by             B. for, by            C. with, with          D. for, with
21. You can’t see the president            you’ve made an appointment with him.
  A. when               B. if                C. unless             D. except
22. The speaker doesn’t know how to             his arguments.
  A. put aside            B. put away          C. put across         D. put down
23. The          power of the people in this town has been decreasing because most young people have left for the cities.
  A. shopping            B. purchasing         C. enduring          D. spending
24. Many new           will be opened up in the future with university education.
  A. opportunities         B. necessities         C. realities            D. possibilities
25. It is high time you            the problem carefully about what you will do in the future.
  A. are studied           B. must study         C. studied            D. study
26. In case he        , please tell me.
  A. has come            B. will come         C. comes             D. would come
27. There are no            medicines for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
  A. effect               B. effective           C. efficient           D. efficacy
28. He had no sooner finished his speech          he  with drew.
  A. than                B. that               C. when             D. an
29. They have done things that they ought         .
  A. not to do            B. not to done         C. not to have done    D. not having done
30. He was caught in the rain yesterday,          , he fell ill this morning.
  A. on the contrary        B. in contrast          C. in other words      D. as a result          
Part II. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.
Passage One
When we say that Cambridge is a university town we do not mean that it is a town with a university in it. A university town is one where there is no clear separation between the university buildings and the rest of the city. The university is not just one part of the town, it is all over the town. The heart of Cambridge has its shops, restaurants, market place and so on, but most of it is university——colleges, libraries, clubs and other places for university staff and students.
The town was there first. Cambridge became a center of learning in the thirteenth century. Many students were too poor to afford lodgings. Colleges were opened so that students could live cheaply. This was the beginning of the present day college system.
Today there are nearly thirty colleges. Very few students can now live in college for the whole of their course, the numbers are too great. Many of them live in lodgings at first and move into college for their final year. But every student is a member of his college from the beginning. He must eat a number of meals in the college hall each week.
Students are not allowed to keep cars in Cambridge, so nearly all of them use bicycles. Don't try to drive through Cambridge during the five minutes between lectures, as you will find crowds of people on bicycles hurrying in all directions. If you are in Cambridge at five minutes to the hour any morning of the term, you'll know that you are in a university town. Stop in some safe place, and wait.
31. Cambridge can be described as university town because ________ .
   A. the university buildings fit in well with the rest of the town
   B. the size of Cambridge is just as big as the town
   C. he separation line between the university and the town is not obvious
   D. the university is located in the town
32. In the first paragraph “but most of it is university”, “it” refers to ________ .
   A. the rest of the city                         B. the town
   C. the heart of Cambridge                         D. the university
33. Which of the following can best give the main idea of second paragraph?
   A. Cambridge has a long history.            
B. Many students lacked money, so colleges were set up then.
   C. The town was built before the university.   
D. It was cheaper for students to live in college than in lodgings.
34. It is possible for the college students to ________ .
   A. live in college from the beginning             
B. keep both bikes and cars in college
   C. have all the meals outside the college each week   
D. live in college for their final year of the course
35. People found it hard to drive through Cambridge at five minutes to the hour in the morning because of ________ .
  A. the large numbers to cars in the streets             B. safety checks for the cars at this time
  C. streams of bikes going in all directions             D. the speed limit of the car
Passage Two
If you want to stay young sit down and have a good think. This is the research finding of a team of Japanese doctors, who say that most our brains are not getting enough exercises, and as a result, we are ageing unnecessarily soon.
Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason at a relatively early age, and how the process of ageing could be slowed down.
With a team a colleague at Tokyo National University, he set about measuring brain volumes of a thousand people of different ages and varying occupations.
     “Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain, which related to intellect and emotion, and determine the human character.” The rear section of the brain, which controls functions like eating and breaking, does not contract with age, and one can continue living without intellectual or emotional facilities.
Contraction of front and side parts——as cells die off——was observed in some subjects in their thirties, but it was still not evident in some sixty and seventy-year-olds.
Matsuzawa concluded from his tests that there is simple remedy to contraction normally associated with age using the head.
The findings show in general terms that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns. Those least at risk, says Matsuzawa, are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors. White collar workers doing routine work in government offices are, however, as likely to have shrinking brains as the farm workers, bus drivers and shop assistants.
Matsuzawa’s findings show that thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking. Blood must circulate properly in the head to supply the fresh oxygen the brain cells need. “The best way to maintain good blood circulation is through using brain,” he says, “Think hard and engage in conversation. Don't rely on pocket calculators.”
36. The team of doctors wanted to find out ________ .
  A. how to make people live longer                 B. the size of certain peoples brains
  C. which people are most intelligent     D. why certain people age sooner than others
37. On what are their research findings based?
  A. A survey of farmers in northern Japan           B.The study of brain volumes of different people
  C. Tests performed on a thousand old people        D.The latest development of computer technology
38. The doctors tests show that  ________ .
A. our brains shrink as we grow older                   
B. the front section of the brain does not shrink
  C. sixty-year-olds have better brains than thirty-year-olds
D. some peoples brains have contracted more than other people
39. The word “subjects” in the sentence of paragraph 5 “Contraction of front and side parts  ——as cells die off——was observed in some subjects in their thirties, but it was still not evident some sixty and seventy-year-olds.” Means ________ .
  A. something to be considered                    B. branches of knowledge studied
  C. any member a state except the supreme ruler      D. persons chosen to be studied in experiment
40. According to the passage, which people seem to age slower than others?
  A. Shop assistants, lawyers, and professor          B. Farmers, doctors and farmers
  C. Clerks, professor and farmers                  D. Lawyers, professor and doctors
Passage Three
When we turn on a tap get water, or press a switch to get electricity, we do not think of all the pipes and wires which bring these main services to our homes.
The water is brought from the waterworks to each street by a large underground pipe——the water in this pipe is then forced by pressure into the smaller pipes which carry it to storage tanks at tops of the buildings. Other pipes bring the water down from the storage tank to the kitchens and bathrooms in the building.
When the water has been used, it is taken away from the building by drainpipes. These take the waste water to another large pipe under road——the main sewer. The waste water then flows along the sewer to the sewage works where it is cleaned. This “clean” water is then poured into the sea or into a river, or in some countries, sent back to the waterworks to be again.
Electricity is also brought to the house by a main, in this case a cable. This cable may be underground or, in country districts, it may hang above ground on pylons. The cable is connected to a meter in the building. Near the meter there is a master switch can cut off the supply of electricity. There are also fuse boxes when between the master switch and the wires which take the electricity to each of the switches in the building. All these wires, fuses and switches are the “wiring circuit”.
41. It can be inferred from this passage that ________ .
   A. water and electricity are the only main services in our houses
   B. the pipes bringing water to our homes are unimportant
   C. water is less significant than electricity in our homes
   D. we are unaware of how water or electricity is brought to our homes
42. We call water, electricity and sewer ________ .
   A. wiring circuit                                B. pipes, cables and drains
   C. main services                               D. underground services
43. How is clean water brought to our homes?
   A. Through pipes from the sewage works            B. Through underground main pipes
   C. Through pipes from storage tanks                D. Through small pipes under the road
44. What happens to the waste water?
   A. It is kept in a large storage tank                B. It is flows away through drains to a sewer
   C. It flows away through a water main              D. It is returned to the waterworks
45. Between a main cable and the master switch in our homes is ________ .
   A. a light switch       B. a pylon               C. a fuse box           D.a meter
Passage Four
How men first learned to invent words is unknown, in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other, and the later they agreed upon certain things called letters, which would be combine represent those sounds and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.
The power of words, then lies in their associations——the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases.
Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming use of words is what we call literary style.
     Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music, and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should, therefore, learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.
46. The origin of language is ________ .
   A. treasure handed down form the past                 B. a matter that is hidden or secret
   C. a problem not yet solved                          D. a question difficult to answer
47. One of the reasons why men invented certain sounds to express thoughts and actions was that ________ .
   A. they could write them down                        B. they could agree on certain sings
   C. they could communicate with each other              D. they could combine them
48. Which of the following is true about words?
   A. They can not be used correctly by most people.        
B. They are used to express feelings only.
   C. They are simply sounds and can be written down.      
D. They cannot be used to express thoughts.
49. The real power of words exists in their ________ .
   A. convenience                                     B. properties
   C. invention                                       D. representative function
50. In expressing their thoughts, great poets are able to ________ .
   A. move us to action                                 B. move men to tears
   C. move us to succeed                               D. move men to fight
Part III. Cloze (20 points)
Directions: In this section, there are 20 blanks in the following. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the right answer that best fits into the passage.
Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. _ 51 _ a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the 52   in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The _ 53 _ student is considered to be _ 54 _ who is motivated (激发); to learn for the sake of _ 55 _, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned _ 56 _ brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the students is _ 57 _ for learning the material assigned. When research is _ 58 _, the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with _ 59 _ guidance. It is the _ 60_ responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain _ 61 _ a university library works; they expect students, _ 62 _ graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference _ 63 _ in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but _ 64 _ that their students not be _ 65 _ dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties _ 66 _ teaching, such as administrative or research work. _ 67 _ the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is _ 68 _. If a student has problems with classroom work, the student; should either _ 69 _ a professor during office hours _ 70 _ make an appointment.
51. A. If   B. Although C. Because D. Before
52. A. suggestion         B. context                C. abstract                D. information
53. A. poor              B. ideal                  C. average                D. disappointed
54. A. such              B. one                   C. any                  D. some
55. A. fun                B. work                  C. learning                D. prize
56. A. by   B. in                    C. for                    D. with
57. A. criticized           B. innocent               C. responsible             D. dismissed
58. A. collected         B. distributed              C. assigned              D. finished
59. A. maximum          B. minimum              C. possible               D. practical
60. A. student’s           B. professor’s            C. assistant’s              D. librarian’s
61. A. when             B. what                  C. why                  D. how
62. A. particularly        B. essentially             C. obviously              D. rarely
63. A. selections        B. collections             C. sources                D. origins
64. A. hate              B. dislike                 C. like                   D. prefer
65. A. too               B. such                  C. much                 D. more
66. A. but               B. except                 C. with                  D. besides
67. A. However          B. Therefore             C. Furthermore            D. Nevertheless
68. A. plentiful          B. limited                C. irregular               D. flexible
69. A. greet             B. annoy                 C. approach            D. attach
70. A. or               B. and                   C. to                    D. but
Part IV . Translation(20 points)
A:Translate the following into English.
71. 电脑在我们的日常生活中起着非常重要的作用。
                                                                                      
72. 只要你不断努力,你迟早会取得成功的。
                                                                                      
73. 由你决定邀请谁来参加下周的聚会。
                                                                                      
74. 这部电影使我回想起了在北京所看到的情景。
                                                                                      
75. 我已经习惯了这种生活方式。
                                                                                      
B:Translate the following into Chinese.
76. Success relies not only on one's ability but also on willingness to cooperate.
                                                                                      
77. In spite of all the difficulties, they are determined to carry out their promises.
                                                                                        
78. Educate a man and you educate an individual. But educate a woman and you educate a whole family.
                                                                                      
79. Scientists have done countless experiments to show that praise is far more effective than criticism in improving human behavior.
                                                                                      
80. Jim used to think that the more time he spent on his studies, the better grades he would receive. But now he has realized that it is not always the case.
                                                                                      
Part V. Writing(20 points)
Directions: For this part you are required to write a composition about Smoking. You should write at least 100 words ,and the first sentence of each paragraph has been given to you.
                                   Smoking
It is almost known to all that smoking is bad for people’s health.
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
Still, many people find it difficult to stop smoking.
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
Measures have been taken to help keep away from the harm of smoking .
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                         


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