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英语复习
河南省2013年普通高等学校专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试公共英语 ​
发布时间:2019年10月29日 来源:天任专升本

河南省2013年普通高等学校专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试公共英语

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (40分,每题1)(部分真题)

Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence, and then you should mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. Some companies might not let you rent a car________ you have a credit card.

A. where          B. since           C. because        D. unless  

2. 1n his opinion, success in life mainly _______on how we get along with other people.

A. keeps          B. depends         C. insists         D. spends  

3. we ________bui1ding the bridge by the end of next month.

A. are finishing     B. would finish     C. have finished    D. will have finished

4. Our company’s service is ________in near1y 80 countries around the world

A. keeps           B. depends        C. insists          D. unless  

5. It was in Johnsons hotel________ the business meeting was held last year.

A. this             B. that           C. what           D. which  

6. 1t is true that________ drinking is bad for the hea1th

A. sufficient        B. little           C. enough         D. excessive

7. Rising prices may ________the rise in demand for these goods.

A. reflect          B. remind         C. convey          D. explain

8. The airplane arrived one hour behind ________.

A. plan            B. date           C. time            D. schedule

9. Fresh air, enough exercise and nutritious food ________to good health.

A. contribute        B. add           C. attribute        D. distribute

10. Our English professor is a man of French ________.

A. birth            B. origin          C. source          D. breed

11. My advice is that she ________to apologize to him

A. go              B. went           C. goes           D. has gone

12. After the earthquake, a new school building was put up _______ there had once been a theatre.

A. that             B. where          C. which          D. when

13. Any man who wants to start a business must have some ________.

A. currency         B. income         C.wea1th          D. capita1

14. ________ you decide to take up, you should try to make it a success.

A. lf only           B. Unless          C. Where         D. Whatever

15. If it ________too much trouble I’ d love a cup of tea.

A. isn’t             B. weren’ t         C. wasn’t         D. hadn’t been

16. If you don’ t go, neither ________.

A. shall I            B. do I            C. I do           D. I shall

17. Don’t talk about such things of ________you are not sure.

A. which            B. what            C. as             D. those

18. I don’ t like ________ you speak to her.

A. the way           B. the way in that     C. the way which    D. the way of which

19. After________ seemed ages, the newsman disclosed the facts.

A. there             B. which            C. what            D. that

20. ________has finished the work ahead of time will be rewarded though we don’ t know who it

will be.

A. Those who        B. anyone           C. whoever          D. No matter who

21. Jim was caught _______drugs into the country.

A. steal             B. smuggling         C. smug            D. giggling

22. The firm will _______the workers _______their loss of job.

A. compact; with      B. conflict; with      C. compensate; for    D. fight; for

23. David sent his girlfriend a ring _______ their loss of job.

A. have kept          B. kept             C. has kept          D. has been kept

24. ________ from the top of the mountain, the building looks like a bird nest.

A. Viewed            B. Viewing         C. Been viewed       D. Being viewed

25. In the swamp the army ________by mosquitoes.

A. was fallen          B. was beset        C. was worried       D. was set

26. You didn’t take his advice._______ his advice, you _______such a mistake.

A. Had you taken; wouldn’t have made

B. lf you had taken; would make

C. Were you to take; shou1dn’ t have made

D. Have you taken; won’ t have made

27. Half of his goods _______ stolen the other day.

A. are             B. were           C. is             D. was  

28. He asks that he _______an opportunity to explain why he’ s refused to go there.

A. is given         B. must give       C. should give     D. should be

29. I am sorry that he ________in such poor health

A. are             B. shall be        C. were           D. should be  

30. The piano in the other shop will be _______, but _______.

A. cheaper; not as better          B. more cheap; not as better

C. cheaper; not as good           D. more cheap; not as good

31. ________diffcu1t the task may be, we will try our best to complete it in time.

A. No matter        B. No wonder       C. Though        D. However

32. The reason is ________ he is unable to operate the machine

A. because          B. why            C. that           D. whether

33. We’ re talking about the piano and the pianist ______ were in the concert we attended last night.

A. which            B. whom           C. who          D. that  

34. The girl ________ an English song in the next room is Tom’s sister.

A. who is singing      B. is singing       C. sang          D. was singing

35. The first textbook _______ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.

A. having written      B. to be written     C. being written       D. written

36. We’ d like to do ______ we can_______ the poor

A. how; help         B. all; to help        C. whatever; help     D. however; to help

37. The defense computers calculate way to ________ the enemy missies.

A. spoil             B. harm             C. destroy          D. damage

38. Today, household chores have been made much easier by electrical________.

A. facilities         B. equipment        C. appliances        D. utilities

39. I really appreciate _______ to help me, but l am sure that l will be able to manage it by myself

A. you to offer       B. that you offer     C. your offering      D. you to have offered

40.________to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one’ s skin.

A. Exposed         B. Having exposed    C. Being exposed    D. After being exposed

 

Part II Cloze (20 每空1 )

Directions:There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

The old idea that anyone with a little money can start a business and operate it successfully is no longer invalid(无效果的). An equally important factor is business relations with   41 __.

It is necessary to know what people want and to make it  42   to them in a pleasant and convenient way. With  43   effort you will understand your buyer’s needs, and know how to    44   him and make him appreciate the good points of your   45   .Knowing how to  46  to customers is the secret of successful selling .They appreciate it when you show a genuine, friendly interest in helping them to get the best goods   47   their purpose.

All customers have the desire to get value in   48   . Smart people are price-and-value 49   .They will not insist   50   lower-priced goods if they can be shown that higher-priced goods will give them better value  51  use. Your function, as a   52   , is to help the buyer get the best   53   his money. This means that you must know your goods, be able to discuss their construction and performance in an intelligent way and be confident when you   54   the special qualities of your product or   55   . If you cannot tell the facts about these qualities, you should say, ‘‘I don’ t know,’’ and find them out.

Before approaching prospects with the idea of turning them into customers, you need to gain their confidence, as many articles are bought because of our faith in people as because of our faith in the   56  .

Now we are ready to in visitors. Who shall they be? Personal   57   is the best way to learn the present and probable market for what you have to offer.

Recommendation by friends is also an excellent way to get in touch   58   prospects. That is why it is important to maintain customers. Tell them of your appreciation every time they send in a prospect. Drop   59   at their offices or phone them at their homes. Tell them about things that may interest or   60   them.

41. A. customers        B. sellers         C. merchant         D. businessmen

42. A. nice            B. good           C. available         D. attractive

43. A. personal         B. personnel       C. manual          D. artificial

44. A. get             B. attract          C. cheat            D. approach

45. A. offer            B. dress          C. store             D. good

46. A. please           B. supply         C. appeal           D. adapt

47. A. in              B. for             C. with            D. of

48. A. clothes          B. selling          C. food            D. exchange

49. A. knowing         B. ignorant        C. conscious        D. dependent

50. A. in              B. upon           C. concerning       D. with

51. A. in              B. while           C. when           D. before

52. A. customer        B. buyer           C. merchandise      D. salesman

53. A. for             B. beyond          C. above           D. against

54. A. stresses         B. display          C. emphasize        D. mentioned

55. A. help            B. service          C. personality       D. repair

56. A. merchant        B. salesman         C. future          D. merchandise

57. A. attraction        B. contact          C. ability           D. traveling

58. A. with            B. through          C. by             D. on

59. A. out             B. in              C. across           D. letters

60. A. disinterest       B. cheat            C. fool            D. benefit

 

Part  Reading Comprehension ( 40 每题2 )

Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice, and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

“If you want to see a thing well, reach out (伸出手)and touch it!”

That may seem a strange thing to say. But touching things can help you to see them better. Your eyes can tell you that a glass ball is round. But by holding it in your hands, you can feel how smooth (光滑) and cool the ball is. You can feel how heavy the glass is. When you feel all these about the ball, you really see it. With your skin, you can feel better. For example, your fingers can tell the difference between two coins in your pocket. You can feel a little drop of water on the back of your hand, too.

All children soon learn what “Don’t touch!” means. They hear it often. Yet most of us keep on touching things as we grow up. In shops, we touch things as we might buy: food, clothes. To see something well, we have to touch it. There are ways of learning to see well by feeling One way is to close your eyes and try to feel everything that is touching your skin. Feel the shoes on your feet, the clothes on your body, the air on your skin. At first, it is not easy to feel these things. You are too used to (习惯于)them!

Most museums are just for looking. But today some museums have some things to touch. Their signs say, “Do touch!’’ There you can feel everything on show. If we want to see better, reach out and touch. Then you will really see!

61. By touching things,_______.

A. you will have a strange feeling

B. you will learn how to reach out your hand

C. you can know them better

D. you can tell what colors they are

62. When people buy things in shops, they often ________.

A. buy them first              B. keep their right hands on them

C. ask about them             D. feel and touch them

63. Why does it say “At first, it is not easy to feel these things”? Because______ .

A. the things are used by people, too

B. people feel the things too often

C. people know how to use the things

D. the things are easy to feel

64. Which of the following is true?

A. Touching is more important than seeing

B. Our feet, fingers, hands and skin can help us buy food.

C. people have to learn to see by feeling as they grow up

D. Visitors can feel the things on show in some museums

65. Which of the following can be the best title of the story?

A. Touching by Feeling            B. To see or to Feel?

C. To see Better–Touch            D. Ways of Feeling

 

Passage Two

The old Volkswagen beetle —“l he Bug”— is making a comeback.Peop1e who own them are planning to keep them forever. People who don’t own them are paying high prices when they can find one for sale, 1t’s more remarkable when you realize that VW doesn’t even make them anymore!

A spokesman for Volkswagen of America says there were about five millionBugson American roads in 1997. That was the last year they were shipped to America VW estimates that about four million of them are still running and running and running.

Used car dealers say they can’t keepBugson their lots these days. They feel it’s because these cars have a history of reliab1e, inexpensive transportation. The cars average about 30 miles per gallon of gas.

    But all hasn’t been smooth going for the “Bugs”. The heating system is poor. And since it travels very close to the ground, larger cars tend to splash it winter’s snow and mud. Some in the safety field consider the Beetle as defenseless against heavier cars. But the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has nothing that shows any problem with them at all.

66. American people like to have aBug______.

A. because it is no more in production

B. because it is reliable and energy-saving

C. because it is remarkable and easy to drive

D. because it is safe

67. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.Bugsare more popular than other cars in America

B.Bugsare now produced in small quantity

C. American feel proud if they can own aBug

D. NoBugshave been shipped to America since 1997

68. In the last sentence of the second paragraph, the wordthemrefers to______.

A. a car by the name of Volkswagen Beetle

B. heaver cars imported from other countries

C. people in the safety field

D. people from National Highway Traffic Administration

69. What is the problem with aBug?

A. It does not go smoothly

B. It is not comfortable in winter

C. It splashes mud and water

D. It travels too slowly

70. What can be concluded according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration?

A. They are going to investigate intoBugsproblem

B. Some of theBugsare not usable any more

C. It is defenseless when it is hit by a heavy car

D. TheBugsis good for use

 

Passage Three

There are many ways to learn about people of other lands. One way is to study the clothing other people wear. For thousands of years, people in different part of the world have worn very different types of clothing. There are four big reasons for this.

One reason might be re1igion. In many Moslem countries, women must wear veils to hide their faces. The veils must be worn in public. Veils are part of the Moslem religion. The second reason is that different materials are used in different countries. For instance, in France the materials used in clothing may be cotton, silk, wool, or many other man-made materials. Most people in China wear cotton.

The ways clothes are made are also very different. This is another reason why people dress differently. Western countries rely on machines to make most of their clothing someone living in India can use only hand power to make the clothing he needs.

World-wide differences in customs also lead to differences in clothing. A Mexican farmer wears a straw hat with a brim up. In China, a farmer wears a straw hat with a brim down. Both hats are used to protect the farmers from the sun. Some of these customs have come down through thousands of years.

71. If you want to learn about the differences about people in the world, you______ .

A. should know the ways to study other lands

B. should know the four big reasons given in the passage

C. may study the different types of clothing people wear

D. may be surprised by the ways people wear hats

72. In many Moslem countries, women have to _______in public. 

A. wear more clothes than    

B. cover their faces with veils

C. protect their faces from being hurt

D. wear religious clothing

73. Which of the following is the reason for the differences in clothing?

A. Materials used for clothes differ from country to country

B. Cotton is the common material for clothing

C. Man-made materials are invented to make clothes

D. Most people like silk clothes

74. The third reason for difference in clothing is _______.

A. different materials

B. different ways of making clothes

C. different styles of dressing

D. different religions

75. The two examples of wearing hats are given in the last paragraph to show _____.

A. the effect of customs on dressing style       

B. the function of wearing straw hat

C. the correct way of wearing straw hat        

D. the long history of some customs

 

Passage Tour

Pressure Cooker(高压锅) Safety

When you are cooking with a pressure cooker, you should learn a few common sense(常识) rules:
    1. Never leave the cooker unwatched when it is in use.
    2. Add sufficient liquid never past the recommended fill point. Overfilling the cooker may block the vent pipe(排气孔) and cause the cooker to explode.
    3. Set the cooker time ,Too much time may overcook the food or too much pressure may build up in the cooker. Too little time will lead to undercooked food.
    4. If you are new to pressure cooking, follow the cooking instructions carefully. Heat and time can either result in a great meal or a ruined one.
    5. Never try to force a pressure cooker cover open. Allow the cooker to cool or run it under cool water before trying to open the cover.
    6. Clean the cooker after each use. Mild detergent(洗涤剂)and hot water work the best. Do not use stove ash or sand for they may damage the cooker. The gasket(密封圈)is best cleaned in warm soapy water and then drieD)Store the gasket in the bottom of the pot.
76. According to the first rule, the user should _____.
A. keep the cooker under close watch
B. always keep the cooker half full
C. never leave the cooker empty
D. never turn off the stove

77. According to the second rule ,too much liquid in the cooker may result in____.
A. a ruined meal
B. undercooked food
C. too little pressure
D. a blocked vent pipe

78. According to the fifth rule, a pressure cooker cover should be opened_____.
A. as soon as the cooker is finished
B. while it is still on the stove

C. with force when it is hot
D. after it is cooled down

79. According to the instructions , which of the following is true ?

A. The gasket should be cleaned thoroughly with cold water

B. Mild detergent and hot water can best clean the cooker

C. Soapy water will often damage the cooker

D. Sand can be used to clean the cooker

80.Which of the following operations may be dangerous ?

A. Overfilling the cooker with food and water

B. Cleaning the cooker with detergent

C. Cooling the cooker with cold water

D. Setting too little cooking time

 

Part IV Translation (2*10)

Directions : There are 10 sentences in this section . Please translate sentences 81- 85 from Chinese into english , and translate sentences 86- 90 from english into Chinese . Write your answer on the answer sheet

81.无论问题看起来怎么复杂,他总能找到解决办法。

82.吃过早饭后,作家就坐在书房里处理早上来的信件。

83.她总是很愉快地向我打招呼。

84.你旅游时走陆路还是水路?

85.孩子的性格受家庭影响很大。

86.Prices vary with the seasons. 

87.A pen is to a writer what a gun is to a fighter.

88.Many girl students specialize in English. 

89.Thanks to a kind-hearted taxi driver , Amy arrived at the meeting room in time. 

90.The motives for suicide can be categorized into areas such as failure, the need for attention, stress, and so on.

 

Part V Error Correction (1*10)

Directions there are 10 sentences . Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B ,C and D you are requited to identify the incorrect pare then write the corresponding letter and the correct answer on the answer sheet

91. She is so a good teacher that all the students like her.

    A    B             C               D

92. Supposed he dose not come , shall we go without him ?

       A            B      C          D

93. Neither of them were in good health, but both worked very hard.

     A           B               C       D

94. I’m look forward to hearing good news from you.

       A           B           C       D

95. More and more , she wanted to communicate for others.

     A                           B      C   D

96. Her wallet has been stolen from her unlocked car , only because of her carelessness.

                 A                 B        C                D

97. Weather permit, the Johnsons will hold open-air garden party.

            A         B              C        D

98. No sooner had they reached there when they were ordered to return to London.

       A         B             C                      D

99. He must have stayed up late last night, mustn’t he ?

            A          B            C    D

100. That tests can actually give measurement of the language skills of the students are questioned

      A                           B                                C

 by many teachers .

       D

Part VI Writing (1*20)

Directions : For this part you’re required to write a composition with at least 120 words based on the following picture please entitle and write it the ANSEER SHEET

“You are the only one who know whether the shoes fit your feet.”


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