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英语复习
河南省2016年普通高等学校专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试公共英语 ​
发布时间:2019年10月25日 来源:天任专升本

河南省2016年普通高等学校专科毕业生进入本科阶段学习考试公共英语

 

Part I  Vocabulary and structure (1×40)

Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentences, and then write the choice on the Answer Sheet.

 

l. Jane hadn't been to London before.          had her husband.

A. Neither        B. Either          C. So          D. Or

2. No sooner had he arrived in Rome         he heard of the good news.

A. when           B. than           C. then          D.until

3.I’m for the suggestion that a special board   to examine the problem.

A. be set up        B. will be set up       C.must be set up    D.has to be set up

4.The disabled children need many things,but      ,they need love.

    A. first of all       B.not at all        C.after all          D.all in all

5. The coal industry in the north of China is now barely half its      size.

A. formal          B.former      C.latter        D.later

6. The football player is hoping to     to another team soon.

A. transfer        B.transport      C.transplant      D.transact

7.         the garden, the old man went to have a rest.    

A. Having been watered              B. Watering

C. Having watered                   D. Being watered

8Her         to the job left her with very little free time.

A. devotion        B.faith         C.trust         D.interest

9. The children have been         since their father left.

A.out of style     B.under control     C.out of control    D.in style

10. It is reported         great changes have been made with the application of the new policy.

A.which           B. that         C. while         D.what

11. The manager promised to keep me          of how the project was going on.

A. be informed       B. informed       C. inform       D.informing

12. He announced that the company had been transferred to          city.

A. another          B. others         C. the other     D.one another

13. A great cheer went up from the crowd as they caught          of the hero.

A. vision          B. view           C. sight         D.glance

14. Physics           my favorite subject when I studied in the university.

A. were            B.was             C.is             D.are

15.           we can succeed or not depends on how well we cooperate with others.     

A. Then            B. Thus           C. What          D. Whether

16. I will lend you the book          you return it to me in time.

A. on condition that   B. in case      C. in order that    D. so that

17. Mr.Brown is supposed to         for Italy last month.

A. be leaving       B.have left       C.leave        D.have been left

18. -Did you enjoy the TV program last night?

-No,        not.

A. particularly      B.obviously      C.surprisingly    D.normally

19. We are disappointed yesterday because it wasn’t such a good dinner     she had promised us.

A. like            Bas          C. which         D.what

20. She walked along the path,       her daughter close behind.

A. following        B. follow       C. to follow       D. was followed

21. She insisted that the seats in the theater          in advance to insure a better view.

A. booked          B. be booked       C. are booked     D. were to book

22. We are sometimes          of selfishness in our lives,though we are mostly generous in personality.

A. miserable       B. greedy          C. guilty        D. sorry

23. The teacher doesn't allow his students          on the exam.

A. cheated         B.cheating        C. cheat         D. to cheat

24. There is a lot of evidence         to much stress is partly responsible for the disease.      

A. what            B. which          C. as            D.that

25. “          everyone’s here, ” she said,  “let’s begin to discuss the solution to the problems we have found. ”

A. As far as        B. Now that        C. So far       D.By far

26. Most computer users are          threat from computer viruses.

A. within          B. upon           C. towards         D.under

27. No matter how          , it's impossible that he has never lost money.

A. a businessman smart is          B. a businessman is smart

C. smart is a businessman          D. smart a businessman is

28. David told the truth         to annoy her,and she was angry for being betrayed by her good friend.

A. on purpose      B.in need       C.  in detail      D.at all

29.The classroom is quite clean      some waste paper on the floor.

    A. Except for     B.besides      C.except       D.without         

30.The bad weather          the building program by several weeks.

A. went on         B.put on         C.set back        D.built up

31. They naturally hope that their choice of the play will be ______ with the school and parents.

A. pleasing     B. welcome     C. kind      D. popular

32. These two pictures are so ____ that it’s very difficult to tell them apart.

A. exact      B. familiar      C. likely      D. similar

33. These tickets for the performance are ______ until the end of the month.

A. acceptable     B. available     C. advisable     D. applicable

34. Please  ______ the water tap when you have finished your washing.
A. turn on        B. turn off        C. turn out        D. turn over

35. Don’t associate with bad boys  ______ your whole life will be ruined.
A. or          B. but          C. and         D. so that

36. I shall have a companion in the house after all these ______ years.
A. alone        B. lonely        C. single        D. simple
37. You ______ if you had had higher score in the examination.
A. must have got scholarship         B. would have got scholarship
C. should get scholarship           D. had got scholarship

38. The bank has established ____ in many big cities in the world.

A. parts      B. twigs      C. benches      D. branches

39. While studying he financially depended ______ his wife.
A. on         B. of         C. to          D. from
40. Only in this way ______ out of the plan.
A. you can talk him          B. can you talk him
C. him you can talk          D. him can you talk

 

Part II  Cloze (1×20)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Who won the World Cup 1994 football game? What happened at the United Nations? How did the critics like the new play?  41  an event takes place, newspapers are on the streets 42 the details. Wherever anything happens in the world, reports are on the spot to 43 the news.

  Newspapers have one basic 44 , to get the news as quickly as possible from its source, from those who make it to those who want to 45 it. Radio, telegraph, television, and 46 inventions brought competition for newspapers. So did the development of magazines and other means of communication.  47 , this competition merely spurred the newspapers on. They quickly made use of the newer and faster means of communication to improve the 48 and thus the efficiency of their own operations. Today more newspapers are 49 and read than ever before. Competition also led newspapers to branch out to many other fields. Besides keeping readers 50 of the latest news, today's newspapers 51 and influence readers about politics and other important and serious matters. Newspapers influence readers' economic choices 52 advertising. Most newspapers depend on advertising for their very 53 .Newspapers are sold at a price that 54 even a small fraction of the cost of production. The main 55 of income for most newspapers is commercial advertising. The 56 in selling advertising depends on a newspaper's value to advertisers. This 57 in terms of circulation. How many people read the newspaper? Circulation depends 58 on the work of the circulation department and on the services or entertainment 59 in a newspaper's pages. But for the most part, circulation depends on a newspaper's value to readers as a source of information 60 the community, city, country, state, nation, and world—and even outer space.

41.A.Just when B.While C.Soon after  D.Before

42.A.to give B.giving C.given   D.being given

43.A.gather B.spread C.carry   D.bring

44.A.reason B.cause C.problem   D.purpose

45.A.make B.publish C.know   D.write

46.A.another B.other C.one another  D.the other

47.A.However B.And C.Therefore  D.So

48.A.value B.ratio C.rate    D.speed

49.A.spread B.passed C.printed   D.completed

50.A.inform B.be informed C.to be informed  D.informed

51.A.entertain B.encourage C.educate   D.edit

52.A.on B.through C.with    D.of 

53.A.forms B.existence C.contents   D.purpose

54.A.tries to cover B.manages to cover C.fails to cover  D.succeeds in

55.A.source B.origin C.course   D.finance

56.A.way B.means C.chance   D.success

57.A.measures B.measured C.Is measured  D.was measured

58.A.somewhat B.little C.much   D.something

59.A.offering B.offered C.which offered  D.to be offered

60.A.by B.with C.at    D.about

 

Part III  Reading Comprehension (2×20)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or incomplete statements.For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D.You should decide on the best choice, and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage1

Many post-80s couples are complaining that going to the movies, shopping or attending parties have become impossible since their kids were born. That' s the way most parents are living their lives, no weekends of their own, no time to visit friends, not even a chance of promotion in their jobs.

      Asking help from their parents might be a way out,but problems are that some aging parents are not strong enough to take care of the kids, and that the kids may also become too spoiled by their grandparents.

    Then, here comes a solution: families with kids can form a small group, and parents of each family can take turns to look after all the kids in this group on weekends. Thus, other parents can have some quiet time and feel free to do something they' ve been planning for a long time. At the same time, the kids can make new friends and won' t be hanging around their parents all day long.  This is baby-pooling.

61. Many post-80s couples can't go to the movies, shop or attend parties because          .        

A .they have to look after their kids     B. they have to look after their parents

C. they are busy with their work        D. they have no money

62. In paragraph 2, “a way out” means          .

A. out of date       B. a solution     C. without question      D. a complaint

63. According to the last paragraph, the solution to the problem of post-80s couples is that           .

A. families with kids form a small group   B. they ask their aging parents for help

C. they give up their jobs               D. they take their kids wherever they go

64. What is( are) the advantage(s) of baby-pooling?         .

A. The parents can have much more free time.

B. The kids can make new friends.

C. The kids won't be hanging around their parents all day long.

D.  All of the above.

65. The passage mainly discusses            .

A. post-80s couples and their friends    B. post-80s couples and baby-pooling

C. post-80s couples and their parents    D. kids and their grandparents

 

Passage2

It is a terrible illustration of man ' s weakness to nature ,and the tsunami(海啸)  that struck the Japanese coast in March, 2011 has illustrated the difficulty of fighting against natural disasters, even for a prosperous nation.

Totally preventing tsunami-damage is impossible. But there is much that can be done to minimize damage and loss of life. Measures that can be taken include designing solid buildings, and developing early-warming systems, public education programs and evacuation(疏散)  strategies.Moreover, the approach of a tsunami is possibly picked up by the sensors of complicated international warming systems. Countries can use radio and television broadcasts as well as loudspeaker networks to warn the public.

But an early warming system depends on how far the tsunami strikes,  if it' s close by,  the warning system is not going to be very effective. When people are faced with an unstoppable force like a tsunami the massive waves created by events like underwater earthquakes, the best course of action for them is to get inland and to the higher ground as quickly as possible.    

66.  The first paragraph tells us that          .

   A. man can easily defeat the nature

    B. tsunamis take place only in Japan

    C. man' s ability to cope with natural disasters is limited

    D. the tsunami-damage in Japan is not so terrible

67. To prevent tsunami-damage, the following measures can be taken EXCEPT       

    A. designing firm buildings   

    B. developing early-warning systems

    C. developing evacuation strategies

    D. keeping the public unaware of the seriousness of tsunamis

68. According to the passage , which of the following can cause a tsunami        ?

A. Storms.                       B. Massive waves.

C. Underwater earthquakes.          D. Floods

69. When a tsunami happens, the best course of action for people is to      .

A. listen to radio and television broadcasts for information

B. get inland and to the higher ground as quickly as possible

C. stay where they are

D. rely on the warning systems

70. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

A. The total prevention of tsunamis is possible.

B. Rich countries are less affected by tsunamis than poor countries.

C. Approaching tsunamis can possibly be picked up by sensors.

D. An early warning system is effective when a tsunami is close by.

 

Passage 3

Global warming is causing more than 300,000 deaths and about $125 billion in economic losses each year, according to a report by the Global Humanitarian Forum, an organization led by Annan, the former United Nations secretary general.
The report, to be released Friday, analyzed data and existing studies of health, disaster, population and economic trends. It found that human-influenced climate change was raising the global death rates from illnesses including malnutrition (营养不良) and heat-related health problems.
But even before its release, the report drew criticism from some experts on climate and risk, who questioned its methods and conclusions.
Along with the deaths, the report said that the lives of 325 million people, primarily in poor countries, were being seriously affected by climate change. It projected that the number would double by 2030.
Roger Pielke Jr.a political scientist at the University of Colorado, Boulder, who studies disaster trends, said the Forum’s report was “a methodological embarrassment” because there was no way to distinguish deaths or economic losses related to human-driven global warming amid the much larger losses resulting from the growth in populations and economic development in vulnerable (易受伤害的) regions. Dr. Pielke said that “climate change is an important problem requiring our utmost attention.” But the report, he said, “will harm the cause for action on both climate change and disasters because it is so deeply flawed (有瑕疵的).”
However, Soren Andreasen, a social scientist at Dalberg Global Development Partners who supervised the writing of the report, defended it, saying that it was clear that the numbers were rough estimates. He said the report was aimed at world leaders, who will meet in Copenhagen in December to negotiate a new international climate treaty.
In a press release describing the report, Mr. Annan stressed the need for the negotiations to focus on increasing the flow of money from rich to poor regions to help reduce their vulnerability  to climate hazards while still curbing the emissions of the heat-trapping gases. More than 90% of the human and economic losses from climate change are occurring in poor countries, according to the report.
71.What is the finding of the Global Humanitarian Forum?

AGlobal temperatures affect the rate of economic development.

BRates of death from illnesses have risen due to global warming.

CMalnutrition has caused serious health problems in poor countries.

DEconomic trends have to do with population and natural disasters.

72. What do we learn about the Forum’s report from the passage?

AIt was challenged by some climate and risk experts.

BIt aroused a lot of interest in the scientific circles.

CIt was warmly received by environmentalists.

DIt caused a big stir in developing countries.

73. What does Dr. Pielke say about the Forum’s report?

AIts statistics look embarrassing.

BIt is invalid in terms of methodology.

CIt deserves our closest attention.

DIts conclusion is purposely exaggerated.

74. What is Soren Andreasen’s view of the report?

AIts conclusions are based on carefully collected data.

BIt is vulnerable to criticism if the statistics are closely examined.

CIt will give rise to heated discussions at the Copenhagen conference.

DIts rough estimates are meant to draw the attention of world leaders.

75.What does Kofi Annan say should be the focus of the Copenhagen conference?

AHow rich and poor regions can share responsibility in curbing global warming.

BHow human and economic losses from climate change can be reduced.

CHow emissions of heat-trapping gases can be reduced on a global scale.

DHow rich countries can better help poor regions reduce climate hazards.

 

Passage 4

  Reaching new peaks of popularity in North America is Iceberg Water, which is harvested from icebergs off the coast of Newfoundland, Canada.

  Arthur von Wiesenberger, who carries the title Water Master, is one of the few water critics in North America. As a boy, he spent time in the larger cities of Italy, France and Switzerland, where bottled water is consumed daily. Even then, he kept a water journal, noting the brands he liked best. “My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water,” He says.

  But is plain tap water all that bad? Not at all. In fact, New York’s municipal water for more than a century was called the champagne of tap water and until recently considered among the best in the world in terms of both taste and purity. Similarly, a magazine in England found that tap water from the Thames River tasted better than several leading brands of bottled water that were 400 times more expensive.

  Nevertheless, soft-drink companies view bottled water as the next battle-ground for market share―this despite the fact that over 25 percent of bottled water comes from tap water: PepsiCo’s Aquafina and Coca-Cola’s Dasani are both purified tap water rather than spring water.

As diners thirst for leading brands, bottlers and restaurateurs salivate (垂涎) over the profits. A restaurant’s typical mark-up on wine is 100 to 150 percent, whereas on bottled water it’s often 300 to 500 percent. But since water is much cheaper than wine, and many of the fancier brands aren’t available in stores, most diners don’t notice or care.

As a result, some restaurants are turning up the pressure to sell bottled water. According to an article in The Street Journal, some of the more shameless tactics include placing attractive bottles on the table for a visual sell, listing brands on the menu without prices, and pouring bottled water without even asking the diners if they want it.

  Regardless of how it’s sold, the popularity of bottled water taps into our desire for better health, our wish to appear cultivated, and even a longing for lost purity.

76. What do we know about Iceberg Water from the passage?

  A.It is a kind of iced water.

  B. It is just plain tap water.

  C .It is a kind of bottled water.

  D .It is a kind of mineral water. 

77. By saying “My dog could tell the difference between bottled and tap water (Line 4 Para2),  Von Wiesenberger wants to convey the message that ________.

  A .plain tap water is certainly unfit for drinking

  B .bottled water is clearly superior to tap water

  C. bottled water often appeals more to dogs taste

  D. dogs can usually detect a fine difference in taste 

78. The-fancier brands (Line 3 Para 5) refers to ________.

  A. tap water from the Thames River

  B. famous wines not sold in ordinary stores

  C.PepsiCo’s Aquafina and Coca-Cola’s Dasani

  D. expensive bottled water with impressive names 

79. Why are some restaurants turning up the pressure to sell bottled water?

  A. Bottled water brings in huge profits.

  B. Competition from the wine industry is intense.

  C. Most diners find bottled water affordable.

  D. Bottled water satisfied diners’ desire to fashionable. 

80. According to passage, why is bottled water so popular?

    A. It is much cheaper than wine.

  B. It is considered healthier.

  C.It appeals to more cultivated people.

D. It is more widely promoted in the market. 

Part IV  Translation(2×10)

Directions: There are 10 sentences in this part.Please translate sentences 81-85 from Chinese into English,and translate sentences 86-90 from English into Chinese,Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.

81.只要明天天气好,我们就和同学一起去游泳。

82.有这么多人的关心,在国外的最初几个月里,她感到非常幸福。

83.新图书馆比以前的大两倍。

84.这张照片让我想起了在上海度过的快乐时光。

85.地震中,许多房屋受损严重,成千上万的人无家可归。

86.Professional hair-care products indicates that consumers are paying as much attention to their hair as to their skin.

87.Women would double their risk of suffering from lung cancer if they were exposed to 40 or more years of household tobacco smoke.

88.Though technically quite advanced today,the Internet is far from being popular with average household users in some developing countries.

89.You have sold so well but for a lot of advertisements we put on the television.

90.The regulation make it safer for you to use your credit card for shopping on the Internet or over the phone.

 

Part V   Error Correction (1×10)

Directions:There are 10 sentences in this part.Each sentence has 4 underlined parts marked A,B,C,and D.You are required to identify the incorrect part,and then write the corresponding letter and the correct answer on the Answer Sheet.

 

91.Mr Black,a good friend of me,likes drawing horses.

         A       B  C    D

92.Don’t stay at home,You had better to go out for a walk.

       A           B      C       D

93.In the girls  100-metre race,Lily from Class1 ran very fast.

A        B                 C           D

94.There is a people in the room,But nobody knows who it is.

A  B                         C      D

95.We will hold a sports meeting next Monday if it won’t rain.

   A         B         C          D

96.The boy called Tom was born in the morning of May2nd,1990.

   A          B   C   D

97.Mother asked me if the Blacks were going to move here long before.

         A     B    C                     D

98. Today is September the tenth. Happy Teachers’ Day to you.Thank you for teach us

              A                B                         C

so well.

  D

99.Jim is much clever than any other student in Grade3,but he doesn’t work hard.

               A             B                      C         D

100.Look!Two hundreds students are watching a football match on the playground.

        A           B    C                            D

 

 

Part VI  Writing (1×20)

Directions:In this part ,you are required to write a composition with at least 120 words on the topic The Attitude toward Crisis. Please write it on the Answer Sheet.

The Attitude toward Crisis


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